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the vertex perpendicular to the base, is called the perpen. dicular height of the pyramid.

To find the solid contents of a pyramid,

Multiply the area of the base by } of the perpendicular height.

88. There is a pyramid whose height is 9 feet, and whose base is 4 feet square ; what are its contents ?

Ans. 48 feet. 89. There is a pyramid, whose height is 27 feet, and whose base is 7 feet in diameter ; what are its solid con. tents ?

Ans. 3464 feet.

FORMS OF NOTES, RECEIPTS, AND

ORDERS.

When a man wishes to borrow money, after receiving it, he gives his promise to repay it, in such forms as those below.

Notes.

No. 1.

Hartford, Jan. 1, 1832. For value received, I promise to pay D. F. Robinson, or order, two hundred sixty four dollars, twenty-five cents, on demand, with interest.

JOHN SMITH. No. 2.

New York, Jan. 15, 1832. For value received, I promise to pay William Dennis, or bearer, twenty dollars, sixteen cents, three months after date.

GEORGE ELLIS. No. 3.

Philadelphia, July 6, 1831. For value received, we, jointly, and severally, promise to pay to Henry Reddy, or order, one hundred dollars, thirteen cents, on demand, with interest.

JAMES BARNES. Attest. James Cook.

WILLIAM HEDGE.

Remarks. J

or

1. The sum lent, or borrowed, should be written out in words, instead of using figures.

2. When a note has the words " or order," or bearer,” it is called negociable ; that is, it may be given or sold to another man, and he can collect it.

If the note be written, to pay him “or order," (see No. 1) then D. F. Robinson can endorse the note, that is, write his name on the back of it, and then sell it to any one he chooses. Whoever buys the note, demands pay from the signer, John Smith.

3. If the note be written, “or bearer,” (see note 2,) then whoever holds the note can collect it of the signer.

4. When no rate of interest is mentioned, it is to be understood at the legal rate in the state where the note is given.

5. All notes are payable on demand, unless some par. ticular time is specified.

6. All notes draw interest after the time of promised payment has elapsed, even if there is no promise of interest in the note.

7. Notes that are to be paid on demand, draw interest after a demand is made.

8. If a man promises to pay in certain other articles, in. stead of money, after the time of promised payment has elapsed, the creditor can claim payment in money.

RECEIPTS.

Hartford, June 16, 1831. Received of Mr. Julius Peck, twelve dollars, in full of all accounts.

JOHN Osgood. Receipt for money on a note.

Hartford, June 18, 1831. Received of John Goodman, (by the hand of William Smith,) twenty dollars, sixteen cents, which is endorsed on his note of July 6, 1829.

JOHN REED. Receipt for money on account.

Hartford, April 6, 1831. Received of Albert Jones, forty dollars, on account.

PETER TRUSTY.

day of

Receipt for money for another Person.

Hartford, June 1st, 1831. Received of A. B. one hundred and six dollars, for I. C.

SAMUEL WILSON. Receipt for Interest due on a Note.

Hartford, Aug. 1, 1832. Received of W. B. thirty dollars in full of one year's interest of $500, due to me on the last, on note from the said W. B.

WILLIAM GRAY. Receipt for Money paid before it is due.

Newport, June 1, 1829. Received of A. F. sixty dollars advanced, in full for one year's rent of my house, leased to said A. F. ending the first day of September next, 1829.

JOHN GRAVES. Note.-It a receipt is given in full of all accounts, it cuts off only the claims of accounts. But“ in full of all demands” cuts off all claims of every kind.

ORDERS.

New York, June 9, 1830. Mr. John Ayers. For value received, pay to N. S. or order, fifty dollars, and place the same to my account.

SOLOMON GREEN.

New York, July 9, 1831. Mr. William Redfield, Please to deliver Mr. L. D. such goods as he may call for, not exceeding the sum of one hundred dollars, and place the same to the account of your humble servant.

STEPHEN BIRCH.

BOOK-KEEPING.

When accounts are disputed in business, it is necessary to produce the book in the courts where the charge was first made, and produce legal evidence of their correctness. The kind of evidence demanded differs in different states.

The following is an easy and simple method of keeping accounts for farmers, mechanics, &c.

Take a book, ruled as below. Enter the name of the person with whom you are to open an account, at the top of the left hand page, as Dr., and at the top of the right as Cr. Thus ;

Dr.

John Good.

John Good.

Cr.

1827.

$ cts. 1827.
Jan. 5. To 5 cords of Wood, at $1,75, 875 April 8. By one Plough,
May 16. To one day's work, self and May 10. By repairing Cart Wheels,
oxen,

1 50 Sept. 12. By Cash to balance,
July 23. To 4 bushels of Rye, at 75 cts.

delivered by your order to
C. D.

3 00)

$ cts.

9 25
1/ 50
2 50

1325

13 25

It is very important that females should know how to keep accounts properly. The following is a simple method.

Let the book be ruled as below.

Put your name as Dr. on the left hand, and as Cr. on the right hand page. Consider yourself as
Dr. for every thing received, and as Cr. for every thing paid out.

Dr.

Mary Trusty.

Mary Trusty.

Cr.

$ cts.

1831.
May 1. To cash rec'd from my father,
16.To do.

do.
29. To do. do.
June 1. To.

3 20

$ cts. 1831. 15 00 May 6. By cash paid for 16 lbs. of but. 3 50

ter at 20 cents per Ib.
3 25 29. By do. for 200 bushels of coal
10 00

at 6 cents per bushel,
By do. for 1 barrel of soap, ,
By cash on hand,

do.

do

12 00

4 25 12 30

31 75

31/ 75

283

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