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meek and lowly in heart. His useful knowledge is sanctified by divine grace. Learned without pedantic pride, he can converse intelligibly with men of lowly station, and not bury them alive in Greek and Latin, and the technical phraseology of learned science. With scholars, he can shew himself a scholar without the labor of recollection ; or with the common part of the community, he can appear like a common

In a word, he dignifies his learning, and his learning dignifies him.

Within its jurisdiction dwell, also, patriots of seventy-six; venerable by age and a firm attachment to their country's rights ; still ready to make any reasonable sacrifice, rather than have our flag insulted and lowered, or the sons of Neptune enslaved ; they resent, with American indignation, any violence done to the national dignity or freedom. They have sons, who inherit all their fathers' patriotic virtues ; deep in council, vigorous in war ; lovers of republican liberties ; they scorn to be slaves.

Among thy worthy citizens may be found also, O Metropolis ! the skilful anatomist and surgical practitioner, who can name, and describe, and assign the place of the minutest fibres of the human machine ; they draw the cataract from the darkened eye ; reduce the luxated joint; replace the broken bone ; amputate the infected limb ; make the painful imposhume pour its virulent and life-destroying contents ; the rigid tendons yield to their emollients ; and suffering humanity has its pains greatly alleviated by their skill and tender care.

The no less useful physician lives hard by; he hastes with willing steps to the apartments of the afflicted; the poor bless his approach, and the rich hail him welcome. The nauseated stomach is made, by his skill, to disgorge its offensive and sickening redundencies ; so, that it again courts the appetite to convey to it, with pleasure, its wonted nourishment; the debilitated bowels are restored to tone and - vigor, and retain the treasures of a liberal appetite, till the lacteals distribute the invigorating fluid. The cold extremities are made to glow with genial warmth, and the feverish rapidity of the blood is arrested, and made to obey the laws of nature. The wakeful eye, which had seen frightful ghosts and strange images, is closed in quiet sleep ; be gently steals the tortured body from the grasp of pain ; he disarms the convulsed nerves of their involuntary power. The skiu

covered skeleton, is clothed in flesh, and blooms in health ; the feeble trembler puts on strength and walks erect. The

eye of charity descries the son of christian beneva. lence. The children of want bless him. He lends to the Lord with confidence, and the “ Lord is not unrighteous to forget his works and labour of love ;” and at the great day of accounts it shall be said to him : “ Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you ; for I was hungry and ye gave me meat, thirsty and ye gave me drink, naked and ye clothed me, a stranger and ye took me in, sick and in prison and ye visited me ; inasmuch as ye have done it to the least of mine, ye have done it to me; enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.”

Through the same medium may be seen, riches joined with humility ; poverty allied with contentment; honesty coupled with industry ; the laws of frugality and temperance obeyed, in spite of the means of luxury ; the pious art of pleasing, takes the place of unmeaning ceremony ; and polite condescention drives into endless banishment, the blustering pomposity of the vain, the ostentatious distance of the proud, the imperious scorn of the self conceited ; and the gracefulness of easy and learned sensibility, binds in the strong chains of truth and simplicity, the pedantic conceits of little minds, and all the would-be-greatness of narrow souls. Females are to be found, who weil deserve the endearing and honorable titles of wife, mother, sister, friend, and Christian. Modest, chaste, keepers at home-industrious, provident, polite, learned. The father, of middle life, enjoys his growing family-the aged grand-sire, with skirted waistcoat, broad, shining buckles, and antique wig, blesses, with a smile, the fourth generation. The ingenious, useful mechanic, lives on his earnings--the honorable merchant enriches the townthe patriotic statesman DEALS in republican politics--the upright civilian prevents litigations—the impartial judge approves the innocent, and makes the guilty tremble the ready instructor“ teaches the young idea how to shoot," and inclines the future tree, by bending the tender twig.

The historian fills up the historic page, and prepares for ture generations to converse with the past the biographer displays the character of the dead—the limper presents a remembrancer of deceased friends the skilful artist prepares the complicated machine, to declare, in solemn accents, the rapid flight of time. The pious divine, and the consistent

Christian, conspire to suppress vice, convert the heart, moral. ize the life, and diffuse the blessings of God and man, that earth may resemble heaven, and heaven commence where earth ends.

Such are the characters a candid charity sees, residing in the metropolis ; and it would greatly enhance my happiness, if all who reside there were one or the other of these fair descriptions. But I am forced to consider these as the salt of the place, which preserves the rest from moral putrifaction. It was painful yesterday to observe the contrast, and would doubtless be more so, could the contrast be fully seen. Had I full acquaintance with the town, it might be easy to find an opposite to every character above described.

Charity will hardly forbid me to imagine, that among those who claim the sacerdotal character, there may be found the lazy antinomian, who is always singing, why me; or the workish out-sided pharisee, who spurns the grace of God; or the uninstructed pelagian, who undervalues the blood of Christ; or the narrow hearted, raging bigot, who DAMNs all but his own ; or the easy latitudinarian, who cries yes, yes, to every form of worship, and system of doctrine.

Nor will charity any more require me to believe, that all who pretend to be pbilosopbers, deserve the name. There are some, who join consummate ignorance to insufferable self conceit; and pretend to philosophy for no other cause but to harden their hearts against revealed truth ; and by fancying themselves wiser than seven men that can render a reason, look down with supercilious scorn on those they are pleased to call the superstitious multitude ; at the same time wishing to die, like brutes, because they wish to live like them. Therefore, though I applaud true philosophy, yet I would as soon write an encomium on a hog, as on the character of men who voluntarily sink themselves below this filthy animal.

Nor is the claim of all pretenders to science to be allowed. Within thy limits, 0 metropolis ! may be found men who talk learned nonsense !-men who pretend to have gone into the inner court of science, but have scarcely passed the threshhold. They can see inhabitants in the moon, without a telescope, and can measure the height of its mountains with a walking stick. They talk of astronomy with all the confidence of Sir Isaac Newton ; Solon could not outdo them in jurisprudence; in poetry, they will contend the palm with

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Homer; in criticism, they outrun Campbell and Blair; their shining knowledge in history, throws a moon-like shade on a Rollin, a Millot, a Mavor ; their skill in oratory, renders Demosthenes and Cicero contemptible declaimers ; their knowledge of divinity, puts down a Henery, a Gill, a Porteus, a Clark, into the humble place of noviciates ; and one hour's conversation, would make a sensible man say concerning them, as the fox said concerning the bell-great hollow heads ed fools!

And a man would protably deceive himself, if he were to take all thy sons for patriots. In point of patriotism may be found men, who resemble some religionists in our Lord's time they say and do not ; lade the shoulders of men with burdens, which they will not touch with one of their fingers.

Did I not think there might be a quack anatomist within thy precincts, or in thy vicinity, I would lay aside the arrow of satire, though it is ready for the bow. But as I have seen the mark only in a few instances, when the bow has been drawn, the arrow having been let fly at a venture, one arrow, if no more, shall be shot in the same manner; and if it wounds through the joints of the harness, the quack, anatomical surgeon, may try his skill on himself.

To say nothing of his pretended knowledge of the human body he deals ia so plentifully among the ignorant, to excite their stupid wonder, and make them cry out, “ 'tis strange one small head can carry all he knows;" I shall only say, that he sometimes in blood-letting, pricks the tendon instead of the vein ; talks as if the lungs might be washed by motherworts, or healed and strengthened by his syrups, which he makes, as he says, of EVERY THING THAT 18 GOOD.

If called to set a broken leg, the poor man would be in no little danger of having his toes turned behind ; for he would have to go home and get his books, or look at a plate in Chesselden's anatomy, before he could distinguish between the shin and the great muscle on the hind part of the leg.

Hast thou a quack physician within thy borders ? An ar, row remains for him. See him take eight ounces of blood from that poor man, dying with languor. He orders wine and brandy for that man yonder, whose plethory borders on an apoplexy. “ He has heard," said an old doctor of my acquaintance," that physicians give calomel, and thinks be must imitate them, and so he makes it their daily food."

0, that all thy citizens were benevolent ! But old Gripu

has his dwelling within thy borders—-gold is his God. Me hates the sight of a poor man, lest he should ask alms. He stops his ear against the cry of distress, for fear his obdurate soul should me moved to pity. He will not attend charity sermons, lest the persuasive eloquence of his minister should drag from his possession a single cent. See him empty his pockets of money as he walks out, that he may, with a better face, tell the poor blind wretch, that sits by the way side, he has not a single cent to give him. Did you ever see him pay away money ? He sighs as he unties his purse he cannot part with his best friend, without a tear.

Alas ! that in reversing pay subject, I am obliged to say, riches are often joined with offensive pride and hateful insolence; and poverty is allied with impious murmuring and discontent. The means of luxury render ineffectual the laws of prudence and temperance ; and all the excellent and the virtuous find their opposite characters.

These are my views, in part, concerning the Metropolis, with whose manners and inhabitants I intend to be further acquainted ; and concerning which, I shall make other observations, as I shall be able.

These remarks show how justly and understandingly Charles had accustomed himself to think. Though he possessed but moderate advantages, yet diligence and a strong mind, had raised him much above the common level. A worthy example to be imitated by all who wish to excel.



WHEN they had withdrawn from the tea table, Charles read to Mr. P. what he had been writing, and asked his opinion concerning the correctness of it. It may be thought, said he, that I should have had a more extensive knowledge of the people, before I thus indulged myself to write so characteristically. If you now think the whole incorrect, or any one character improperly drawn, you will bave the goodness to speak freely ; for if it should ever appear from the press, it is my wish that nothing defamatory, or unjust, should appear with it.

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