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the canoe, and thus balanced it, and prevented it from being upset.
The island of New Guinea, is very extensive; it is, I suppose, five times as large as all the New England States; there are a good many mountains in the interior, and some of their tops are higher than the clouds.
The land is very fertile ; it is covered with beautiful trees, and rich fruits, and flowering shrubs. In the forests there are multitudes of birds of paradise, of which there are ten or twelve kinds. This island seems indeed to be their favorite retreat, thousands of them may be seen fluttering in the groves where winter never comes, where the leaves are always green, and the flowers are ever in bloom. Parrots also abound, and there are many kinds of the gentle dove, whose sweet notes may be constantly heard in the woods.
This is, indeed, a land in which everything is lovely and beautiful, except the people. These
Extent of New Guinea ? Soil? Productions ? Birds ? Animals ?
are among the most degraded of mankind ; yet the time will doubtless come, though it may be ages hence, when these ignorant people will be civilized, when their superstitions will be dissipated, and when religion will teach lessons of justice, humanity, and love, here as it does now elsewhere. The time will no doubt come, when the rude people who now live in hollow trees, or in turf cabins, will dwell in good and comfortable houses ; when the cries of savage war shall cease; and in their place the peaceful tones of the Sabbath bell shall echo through the forests.
About New Hollandi AFTER leaving New Guinea, we sailed in a southerly direction, along the eastern coast of New Holland, till we came to Port Jackson. This is a small bay, at the head of which, is
What of Port Jackson ?
an English town called Sydney. Here our vessel came tò anchor, and I had several opportunities of going ashore.
Sydney is about as large as Hartford or New Haven; but the houses are scattered over a considerable space, and a large part of the town is irregularly built. The buildings are mostly after the English fashion. It struck me as a very curious thing, that we should find a town, in these remote regions, bearing all the marks of an English city.
New Holland is the largest island on the globe. It is about as extensive as the whole of Europe. In the year 1787, the English government established a colony at Botany Bay, about twelve miles south of Sydney. The colonists consisted of English people, who had been guilty of crimes for which they were banished from England forever.
The colony was at length removed to Sydney, and it continues to be a place of banishment,
Sydney? New Holland ? What about Botany Bay.
to which wicked people are sent from England. Thieves, robbers, swindlers, traitors, and troublesome persons, to the number of many hundreds, have been transported to this place.
We should expect, that a society composed of such desperate individuals, must be very bad. But the truth is, that many of the wicked people sent here, have repented of their errors, and become industrious and honest members of society. So that on the whole, the state of things is by no means as bad here, as might have been expected.'
There are several other English towns and settlements, occupying the southeastern part of this great island. The country passes under the general name of New South Wales...
The coasts of New Holland, are generally flat, but mountains are seen in the interior. Very little is known of the country except along the shores. Some parts are fruitful, but
What of the coasts and interior of New Holland ?
there are extensive wastes of sand. The heat is sometimes excessive. In December, it is often hotter there, than it is ever known to be in the United States. - Dry hot winds also, like the Sirocco 'of Africa, often sweep over the land.
The native fruits of this country, are not so rich or abundant, as those of many of the islands I have described. But the English settlers raise a plenty of wheat, rye, Indian corn, barley, oats, cabbages, potatoes and other things. They have also fine peaches, apples, and pears, as well as oranges, lemons, grapes, pomegranates, cherries, melons, walnuts, and almonds, all of which are raised with little trouble.
Among the native animals of New Holland, there are several very curious varieties. The most remarkable is the Kangaroo. This creature is about as large as a sheep. Sometimes
What of the heat ? Describe the fruits. Productions. What of the Kangaroo ?