« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
We proceeded to the south, passed the West Indies, and sailed along the coast of South America. We stopped at the city of Rio Janeiro a few days, to obtain provisions and fresh water. This I found to be a very large city, and has since become the capital of Brazil. It is now nearly as large as New York, and the Emperor of Brazil resides at this place.
After leaving Rio Janeiro, we continued to sail along the coast of South America, until we came near its southern extremity. This country is called Patagonia. We did not stop there ; but it is a cold region, and the inhabitants are said to be almost as large as giants. A man who is six feet high, is with us considered quite tall, but in Patagonia many of the men are seven feet, and some of them eight feet high.
There is a curious story of these people, related by Magellan, a Spaniard who came to
What does Parley say of Rio Janeiro ? Where is Patagonia ? What does Parley say of Patagonia ? What of the people of Patagonia?
this coast, about the year 1520. He had anchored near the land, for the purpose of passing the winter. He, and the people with him, supposed for sometime, that the country was uninhabited, but at length, they saw a huge savage come singing and dancing toward them.
When he arrived on the beach he threw dust on his head. One of the sailors went ashore and did the same. This seemed to please the savage, and he went on board the ship without hesitation. His hair was shaggy, his body painted yellow, and large circles were drawn round his eyes. His covering was the skin of some strange animal. He was armed with a bow, and arrows pointed with sharp stones. A middle sized man was no higher than his shoulders, and his strength and bulk were proportioned to his height.
Magellan entertained him on board the ship mueh to his satisfaction. He pointed to the sky, and seemed to ask if the people on board
What story does Parley tell about the Patagonians ?
the ship came from Heaven. He was greatly astonished at all he saw, and when one of the men presented a looking-glass to his face, he started back so suddenly, as to knock two of the sailors flat on the deck.
The savage, at length, went ashore and told his adventure to his friends. This induced many of them to go to the vessel. Their behaviour afforded great entertainment to the people on board the vessel. One of them ate a basket full of ship biscuit, and drank a great bowl full of water at a single meal.
It seems, that these people are much the same now, as when Magellan visited their country. They go dressed in skins, and live in huts made also of skins, and sometimes of branches of trees.
To the eastward of Patagonia, is a group of islands called the Falkland Isles. They were once inhabited by some English settlers; but they are now entirely deserted. Sometimes
Where are the Falkland islands ? What can you tell of the Falkland islands?
people go there to catch seals. In 1764, Commodore Byron went to these islands with some English ships..
One day, while on shore, he was unexpectedly attacked by a Sea-Lion, a large kind of seal, and saved himself with great difficulty. The people had many battles with these ani mals, and sometimes six men were employed a full hour in killing one of them. Over the leaf is a picture of Commodore Byron, defending himself from a Sea-Lion.
About the Straits of Magellan. Parley meets with storms of wind and snow. Observations upon the North and South Pole. Islands covered with ice and snow. The Pacific Ocean, and the Island of Juan Fernandez.
If my little reader will look at the map, he will see at the extremity of South America, a large island, called Terra del Fuego. Be
What of Commodore Byron and Sea-Lions ? Where are the elrails of Magellan ? Where is Terra del Fuego ?