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tween this island and Patagonia, is a narrow sea called the straits of Magellan. These straits were discovered by Magellan, a Spanish navigator, whom I have mentioned before, about three hundred years ago. He passed through these straits, and entered the Pacific ocean. He was the first European navigator that ever sailed upon that mighty sea.
It used to be the practice for vessels, bound to the Pacific ocean, to pass through the straits of Magellan. But the navigation being difficult and dangerous, vessels now go round the southern point of the island of Terra del Fuego, called Cape Horn.
It was in the month of December, that we doubled this cape. I suppose you know, that in the southern parts of the world, it is summer, when it is winter in the northern parts. When it is winter in the United States, it is summer at Patagonia, and Terra del Fuego. But although it was summer at the time we
Who was the first European navigator that sailed upon the Pacific ? What does Parley say of summer and winter ?
went around Cape Horn, we were constantly beset with storms of wind and rain. Sometimes also, we were visited with squalls of snow.
On one occasion, we saw islands of ice, and our vessel was very near being wrecked upon them. I was astonished to find such weather and such masses of ice here in midsummer. But the captain told me these things were by no means uncommon.
We all know, that in Greenland and other countries toward the north pole, the weather is always cold, and that ice covers the land throughout winter and summer. But, per-,haps, my little reader may not have been told that it is quite as cold toward the south, as toward the north pole. A little to the southeast of Cape Horn, there are islands in the sea which are always buried in masses of snow and ice. No trees can grow there, no animals
What about islands of ice? What does Parley say of the north md south pole? What of the islands southeast of Cape Horn ?
except seals, which come from the ocean, are found in these dreary places, and no land bird but the lark dwells there. It seems strange that this cheerful bird, which in our own country chooses the blooming meadow for his home, and flies away to some warmer region when the winter approaches, should make his abode in these cold and lonely islands.
Having passed around Cape Horn, we entered the Pacific ocean, stretched to the northward along the coast of South America, and soon carne in sight of the island of Juan Fernandez. We did not stop at this place; but I have a very interesting story to tell you about it, in another chapter.
Description of the Island of Juan Fernandez. Story of
Alexander Selkirk. THE island of Juan Fernandez is not very What about the Lark? Where is the island of Juan Fernandez: Describe the island of Juan Fernandez.
large, but it is very beautiful. It is diversified with hills and valleys, and it abounds in trees, many of which produce rich fruits. The climate is delightful, it being at all seasons like a continued spring. Throughout the year the land is covered with verdure, and fragrant flowers of every form and color, in their proper seasons adorn the landscape.
Many years ago, a Spaniard of the name of Juan Fernandez, settled in this charming island. There were several families with him, and here he resided for sometime. But at length, he and his companions removed to Chili, on the coast of South America, and from that time the island was uninhabited. It however took the name of its former proprietor, and was often visited, as it continues to be at this day, by ships for refreshments.
In the year 1705, an English captain came to this place to get food and water for his men. Among other sailors, he had one by the
Of what place was Alexander Selkirk a native ?