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which is seldom closed. The men and women always eat in separate apartments. · The chief amusements of the people are dancing, wrestling, and foot races. Their religious notions were very absurd. They believed that the world was created by Etooah, the chief Deity. They also believed in seven or eight inferior gods. They had temples erected to these deities, where they offered as sacrifices, hogs, bananas, and cocoa nuts. Sometimes, too, they offered human victims..
The Temple of the King was a large building surrounded by monstrous images of wood. Some of these images had their mouths stuck full of dogs' teeth.
Such was the state of things when I was at the Sandwich islands; but this, you will recollect, was more than twenty years ago. Since that time, great changes have happened. In the year 1819, these people came to the conclusion that their wooden gods were a misera
What of their amusements ? Their religious notions ? the Temple of the King. What happened in 1809 ?
ble set of creatures, and so they burnt them up. Soon after, some missionaries who sailed from Boston arrived among them. These missionaries found the people quite ready to listen to them, and so they began to teach them the christian religion.
The king and queen and the principal people favored the design of the missionaries, so that in a short time the worship of idols almost entirely ceased. The missionaries preached the gospel in the language of the natives; they told them of Jesus Christ and the way of salvation, and instructed them in their duties to God and each other.
The missionaries still continue among these people, and preach to them every sabbath. They have also established schools, and the children are taught to read and write. The art of tilling the land has been shown to them, the method of building comfortable houses, and many other useful things have been taught
What have the missionaries done?
to the people. So that, at the present time, the condition of these interesting islanders is much better, than when I was among them.
Departure from the Sandwich islands. Arrival at the mouth of Columbia river. Treaty with the Indians, Astoria. The vessel sails, and the Captain trades with more Indians. A storm. About Jenkins and two sailors. The vessel is driven upon the beach. A whale ashore. The ship is got off, but Jenkins and the two sailors can not be found.
AFTER we had been about a fortnight at the Sandwich islands, we began to prepare to leave them. We had procured from the natives what provisions we wanted, and had also obtained a considerable quantity of sandal wood. This wood is very valuable for making small articles of furniture, being very handsome, and at the same time yielding a very agreeable perfume.
I must not take leave of the Sandwich
islands, without describing some very extraordinary mountains upon the island of Hawaii. Several of these are very elevated, and among them there are at least fifty craters of volcanoes. The American missionaries lately visited these mountains, and they found one of the craters to be one thousand feet deep. The smoke and fire were issuing from more than twenty craters when they were there.
Our preparations being made, we finally took leave of these people, from whom we parted with regret. They had treated us kindly, and their gentle manners excited in us all feelings of deep interest. I have often thought, and still often think of these islanders, surrounded by the wide ocean, and it rejoices my heart to know, that they are now receiving the blessings of religion, and the benefits of partial civilization.
Our design was now to proceed to the coast of North America, and trade with the Indians