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ble set of creatures, and so they burnt them up. Soon after, some missionaries who sailed from Boston arrived among them. These missionaries found the people quite ready to listen to them, and so they began to teach them the christian religion.

The king and queen and the principal people favored the design of the missionaries, so that in a short time the worship of idols almost entirely ceased. The missionaries preached the gospel in the language of the natives; they told them of Jesus Christ and the way of salvation, and instructed them in their duties to God and each other.

The missionaries still continue among these people, and preach to them every sabbath. They have also established schools, and the children are taught to read and write. The art of tilling the land has been shown to them, the method of building comfortable houses, and many other useful things have been taught

What have the missionaries done?

to the people. So that, at the present time, the condition of these interesting islanders is much better, than when I was among them.

CHAPTER VIII.

Departure from the Sandwich islands. Arrival at the

mouth of Columbia river. Treaty with the Indians, Astoria. The vessel sails, and the Captain trades with more Indians. A storm. About Jenkins and two sailors. The vessel is driven upon the beach. A whale ashore. The ship is got off, but Jenkins and the tro sailors can not be found.

AFTER we had been about a fortnight at the Sandwich islands, we began to prepare to leave them. We had procured from the natives what provisions we wanted, and had also obtained a considerable quantity of sandal wood. This wood is very valuable for making small articles of furniture, being very handsome, and at the same time yielding a very agreeable perfume.

I must not take leave of the Sandwich

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islands, without describing some very extraordinary mountains upon the island of Hawaii. Several of these are very elevated, and among them there are at least fifty craters of volca

The American missionaries lately visited these mountains, and they found one of the craters to be one thousand feet deep. The smoke and fire were issuing from more than twenty craters when they were there.

Our preparations being made, we finally took leave of these people, from whom we parted with regret. They had treated us kindly, and their gentle manners excited in us all feelings of deep interest. I have often thought, and still often think of these islanders, surrounded by the wide ocean, and it rejoices my heart to know, that they are now receiving the blessings of religion, and the benefits of partial civilization.

Our design was now to proceed to the coast of North America, and trade with the Indians

What of volcanoes in Hawaii?

for furs. We laid our course for the mouth of Columbia river, where we soon arrived. We ascended the river for a mile or two, and came to anchor. At first we saw no Indians, but having fired one or two cannon, several canoes started from the shores and came to us.

They were all miserable looking people, clothed in furs. Many of them had their heads flattened, by boards fastened to them in infancy, so as to give them the shape of a pyramid. They had not many furs, but what they had we purchased for various trinkets. They seemed to be particularly fond of blue beads, and preferred them to everything else.

We observed that the country, around the mouth of the Columbia river, was rugged and rocky. The shore seems to consist almost wholly of mountains. At the present time, there is a small settlement of fur traders near the mouth of Columbia river, called Astoria.

What is the direction of the mouth of Columbia river from the Sandwich islands ? Where is Astoria ?

But this settlement has been made since I was there.

After procuring what fürs we could, we sailed down the river, and proceeded toward the north, along the coast. We had not sailed far before we saw an Indian village, situated on the border of a little cove or bay. As the captain thought it probable that we might obtain some furs here, we came to anchor. We then fired a cannon, but the Indians instead of coming to us seemed to be alarmed, and fled away in great terror.

After awhile, however, some of them came back, and waited upon the shore as if inviting us to come to them. Accordingly, the captain went in a boat to them. He found them rather shy, but he procured some furs, for beads, brass medals, buttons, and other trifles.

The next day, some of our spars being broken, the captain sent Jenkins with two of the men ashore, to get two or three small pine trees, of which there were plenty on the land,

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