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of the mutineers was alive; his name was John Adams. He was very old, and his wife was blind with age.

There were about forty-six persons. They had a pretty little village, and their houses were very pleasant and comfortable. There were no other animals but hogs or goats on the island, but they had poultry, and a plenty of bread fruit, cocoa nuts, sweet potatoes, and turnips.

The English officers were delighted with their visit. The people appeared to be happy and virtuous. They always returned thanks to Heaven after their meals, and at sunrise it was their practice to unite in prayer. The old sailor, Adams, watched over and governed them, and they looked upon him as their common father and benefactor.

This old man expressed his abhorrence of the crime he had committed, in being concerned in the mutiny. He knew that if he went to England, he might be tried and executed, but such was his desire to see his native country. once more, that he proposed to go with the captains to England. They were willing to take him, but when he asked the consent of the islanders, they burst into tears and besought him not to leave them. The old man was much affected, and told his people that, such being their feelings, he would not go. So after giving them some books and other things, the English captains bade the islanders farewell, and sailed on their voyage.*

CHAPTER XI.

About the Society islands. About Otaheite and the Mis

sionaries. The Friendly islands. Navigator's isles. Caroline isles. Ladrones. About Polynesia.

To the northwest of Pitcairn's island, is a group called the Society islands. They are eight in number, and their names are Otaheite, Huaheine, Ulietea, Otaha, Bolabola, Mamaa, Toobouai, and Tabooyamano. Otaheite, the

* News has lately been received, that Adams died a short time since, of

old age.

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most extensive, consists of two parts, connected by a narrow strip of land. The largest is eighty miles in circuit, and the smallest, forty miles. Captain Cook supposed, that there were probably two hundred thousand people in this island. They subsist, to a great extent, on fish. The inhabitants of all the Society islands have the same religion, manners, and customs. They are on the whole an interesting, and amiable people. In 1797, eighteen missionaries came to Otaheite from England; for many years they had little success in teaching Christianity ; but in 1814 the people renounced their idols, and many of them became converts to the Christian religion. Since that time, great progress has been made by the missionaries. In 1818 there were in the several islands sixty-six places of worship, and seventeen missionaries. Many of the useful arts have been introduced, and the condition of the people is rapidly improving. • To the west of the Society islands is a group, called the Friendly isles. There are about sixty of them. The largest is twenty-one miles in length, and is called Tonga, or Tongataboo. Here the chiefs reside, and this is esteemed the most important island.

The people of these islands resemble those of the Marquesas. The men are tattooed, but the women are not. Their hair is black, but they sometimes color it brown, purple, or yellow.

Northeast of the Friendly islands is a group, called Navigator's islands. They are ten in number. They are so called, because the people navigate their canoes with great skill. The islands consist of high lands, with a very fertile soil. The groves produce bread fruit, cocoa-nuts, bananas, and oranges. The inhabitants are of large stature, and are very indus trious and ingenious. At the same time, they are very ferocious, and, on that account, very few voyagers visit these islands.

At a great distance from the Navigator's islands, in a north westerly direction, are the

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