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found he had gained two hundred and thirty-seven dollars. How much had he then ?

23. Money was first made at Argos, eight hundred and ninety-four years before Christ. How long has it been in use at this date, 1822 ?

24. The war between Great Britain and the American colonies commenced in 1775 and continued 8 years. In what year was the war concluded ?

21. General Washington was born in the year 1732, and V 67 years old when he died. In what year did he die ?

Đi The first tragedy was acted at Athens, on a cart, by Thespis, five hundred and thirty-six years before Christ. How many years is it since ?

27. What was the number of inhabitants in the New England States, in 1820, there being in Maine

298,335 New Hampshire

244.161 Vermont

235,764 Massachusetts

523,287 Rhode Island

83,059 Connecticut

275,248? 28. What was the number of inhabitants in the Mid dle States, there being in New York

1,372,812 New Jersey

277,575 Pennsylvania

1,049,398 Delaware

72,749 Maryland

407,350 ? 29. What was the number of inhabitants in the following States, there being in Virginia

1,065,366 North Carolina

638,829 South Carolina

490,309 Georgia

340,989 Kentucky

564,317 Tennessee

422,813 Alabama

127,901 Mississippi

75,448 Louisiana

153,407? 30. What was the number of inhabitants in the following States, there being in Ohio

581,434 Indiana

147,178

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Illinois

55,211 Missouri

66,586 Arkansas Territory

14,273 Michigan Territory

8,896 District of Columbia

33,039? 31. What was the whole number of inhabitants in the United States 1820 ?

32. Add together the following numbers ; 32,753 ; 2,047; 840,397 ; 47,640.

33. What is the sum of the following numbers ; 30; 843; 30,804 ; 387,643; 13; 8,406,127; 4; 900,600 ?

34. What is the sum of the following numbers, three millions and seven thousand; thirty-five ; four hundred and eighty-seven ; two thousand and forty-three ; ninety-six millions, thirty-four thousand, and forty-two; and seventeen ?

MULTIPLICATION. III. 1* What will two barrels of rum cost, at 27. dollars a barrel ?

2. What will 3 hogsheads of molasses amount to, at 26 dollars a hogshead ?

3. What will 14 pounds of veal come to, at 4 cents a pound?

4. What will seventeen pounds of beef cost, at five cents a pound ? 5. What will five cows cost at 19 dollars apiece ? 6. What will 3 oxen cost at 47 dollars apiece ? 7. What cost 15 yards of cloth at 8 dollars a yard ? 8. What cost 26 barrels of cider at 4 dollars à barrel ? 9. What cost 98 barrels of flour at 7 dollars a barrel ? 10. What cost 794 barrels of flour at 9 dollars a barrel ?

11. There is an orchard consisting of 9 rows of trees, and there are 57 trees in each row.

How many trees are there in the orchard.

12. A man bought 8 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 38 yards, at 7 dollars a yard. How inany yards were there, and what did he give for the whole ? 13. A man bought 9 pieces of broadcloth, each piece con

* See First Lessons, séct. II

taining 47 yards, at 6 dollars a yard; and 25 barrels of flour at 7 dollars a barrel. What did he give for the whole !

14. A merchant bought a hogshead of wine, at the rate of 2 dollars a gallon ; what did it come to ?

WINE MEASURE.

1 quart

pt. gt. gal.

p. or b.

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4 gills (gl.) make 1 pint marked
2 pints
4 quarts

1 gallon 315 gallons

1 barrel or half hhd. bbl. 63 gallons

1 hogshead

hhd. 2 hogsheads

1 pipe or butt 2 pipes

1 tun

T. By this measure brandy, spirits, perry, eider, mead, rinegar, and oil are measured.

15. At 3 dollars a gallon, what will 2 pipes of wine cost ? 16. At 4 cents a gill, what will 1 pint of brandy cost ? 17. At 5 cents a gill what will 1 quart of wine cost ? What will 1 gallon cost !

Note. Since 100 cents make 1 dollar, it will be easy to tell how many dollars there are in any number of cents.

18. At 8 cents a quart, what will i hhd. of molasses come to ?

19. How many pints are there in 87 quarts ? 20. How many gills are there in 174 pints ? 21. How many quarts are there in 1 hhd. of wine ? 22. How many quarts are there in 4 hhds. of brandy? 23. How many pints are there in one hhd. of molasses ? 24. How many pints are there in 1 pipe ? 25. How many gills are there in 1 hhd ! 26. How many gills are there in 1 T. ? 27. How many quarts in 8 gals. 2 quarts ? 28. How many pints in 4 gals. 3 qts. 1 pint? 29. How many gallons in 3 hhds, 42 gals. ? 30. How many quarts in 1 p. I hhd. ? 31. How many pints in 1 hhd. 35 gals. 3 qts. 1 pt. ? 32 How many gills in 3 hhds. 27 gals. 1 qt. 1 pt. 3 gls. ? 33. A man having 1 T. of wine, retailed it at 5 cents a gill, how much did it come to ?

34. A man bought a quarter of beef, weighing 237 pounds, "7 cents a pound. How much did it cost? 36. How many are 3 times 784 ?

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36. How many are 5 times 1,328?
37. How many are nine times 87,436 ?
38. Multiply 2,487 by 8.
39. Multiply 820,438 by 7.
40. Multiply 13,052,068 by 5.
IV. 1. What will 18 oxen cost at 57 dollars apiece ?

Note. Find first what 6 oxen will cost, and 18 oxen will cost 3 times as much. Perform the following examples in a similar manner.

2. What would 14 chests of tea cost, at 87 dollars a chest?

3. A merchant bought 84 pieces of linen, at 16 dollars apiece ; how much did it come to?

4. A merchant bought 15 hogsheads of wine, at 97 dollars a hogshead. How much did the whole amount to?

5. A merchant sold 20 hhds. of brandy at 2 dollars a gallon. How much did each hogshead amount to ? How much did the whole amount to ?

6. What would 28 bales of cotton come to, at 75 dollars a bale ?

TIME. 60 seconds (sec.) make 1 minute, marked min. 60 minutes

1 hour

h. 24 hours

1 day

d. 7 days

1 week 4 weeks

1 month
1

y
or 365 days and 6 hours
12 calendar months

1 7. If a man can earn eight dollars in a week, how much can he earn in a year ?

8. If the expenses of a man's family are 32 dollars a week, what will they amount to in a year? What in 2 years ?

9. How many hours are there in a week ?
10. How many minutes are there in a day?
11. How many minutes are there in a week ?
12. How many hours are there in 2 mo. 3 d. ?

13. If a man can travel 7 miles in an hour, how far can he travel in 8 days, when the days are 9 hours long ?

14. If a ship sail 11 miles in an hour, how far would it sail at that rate in one day, or 24 hours ?

15. If a ship sail 8 miles in an hour, how far would it sail at that rate in 18 days ?

W.

mo.

13 months 1 day

& 6 hours, }1 year

16. Suppose a cistern has a cock which conveys 37 galJons into it in an half hour, how much would run into it in 1 d. 8 h.

17. If a man can earn 18 dollars in a calendar month, how much would he earn in 7 y. 8 mo. ?

18. In one year how many minutes ? 19. In two y. 3 mo. 18 d. how many days ? 20. A cannon ball at its first discharge, flies at the rate of about 9 miles in a minute; how far would it fly at that rate in 24 hours ? How far in 15 days ? 21. Multiply 87 by 14|32. Multiply 21,378 by 36 321 15 33.

825 42 23. 463 16 34.

164 45 24. 275 18/35.

1,163 48 25. 144 2136.

9,876

49 26. 2,107 24 37.

40,073 54 27. 381 25 38.

3,502

56 28.

1,234
27 39.

127 63 29.

- 3,002
28/40.

308 72 30. 4,381 32 41.

1,437 81 11,962 35 42. What would 17 loads of hay come to at 26 dollars a load ?

Note. First find the price of 16 loads, and then add the price of 1 load. Perform the following examples in a similar

31.

manner.

43. What would 17 oxen cost, at 87 dollars apiece ? 44. What would 87 pounds of tobacco cost, at 23 cents a

?

4u. What would 28 pounds of sugar cost, at 13 cents a

pound?

46. What would 59 bushels of potatoes cost, at 38 cents a bushel ?

47. What costs 1 hhd. of molasses at 37 cents a gallon ? 48. Multiply 19 by 1752. Multiply 206 by 38 49. 37 1953.

314 50. 106 23 54.

203 58 51.

141
34 55.

715 67 V. 1. What cost 5 pounds of beef at 10 cents a pound?

2. What will 12 barrels of flour come to, at 10 dollars a barrel ?

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