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Note. Observe that when you multiply by 10, it is done by annexing a zero to the right of the number ; and by 100, it is done by annexing two zeros, &c.; and find the reason why.

3. What would a hogshead of wine come to, at ten cents a pint ?

4. If 10 men can do a piece of work in 7 days, how many days will it take 1 man to do it?

5. What would an ox, weighing 873 pounds, come to, at 10 cents a pound ?

6. If 100 men were to receive 8 dollars apiece, how many dollars would they all receive ?

7. If 27 men were to receive 100 dollars apiece, how many dollars would they all receive ?

FEDERAL MONEY.

10 mills (m.) make 1 cent marked c.
10 cents

1 dime

d. 10 dimes

1 dollar

dol. or $. 10 dollars

1 eagle

E. 8. In 3 dimes how many cents ? 9. In 5 dollars how many dimes ? How many cents ? 10. In 17 dollars how many cents ? 11. In 83 cents how many mills ? 12. In 753 dols. how many cents ? 13. In 1 dol. how many mills ?. 14. In 84 dols. how many mills ? 15. In 7 dols. and 53 cents, how many cents ? 16. In 183 dols. and 14 cents, how many cents ? 17. In 283 dols. 43 cents and 8 mills, how many

mills? 18. In 8246 dols. 2 d. ò c. 6 m. how many mills ?

It is usual to write dollars and cents in the following manner : 43 dols. 5. d. 7 c. and 4 mills, is written $43.574. The character $ written before shows that it is federal money.

The figures at the left of the point (.) are so many dollars, the first figure at the right of the point is so many dimes, the next so many cents, and the third so many mills.

It may be observed that when dollars stand alone, they are changed to dimes by annexing one zero to the right, because that multiplies them by 10. They are changed to cents by annexing two zeros, because that multiplies them

by 100. They are changed to mills by annexing three zeros, because that multiplies them by 1,000. Thus 43 dollars are 430 dimes, 4,300 cents, or 43,000 mills. 5 dimes are 50 cents, or 500 mills. 7 cents are 70 mills. The above example then may be read 43 dols. 57 cents and 4 mills; or 435 dimes, 7 cents, and 4 mills; or 4,357 cents and 4 mills; or 43,574 mills. When there are dollars, dimes, and cents, the figures on the left of the point may be read dollars, and those on the right, cents; or they may be all read together' as cents.

When the number of cents exceeds 100, they are changed to dollars by putting a point between the second and third figures from the right.

If there are mills in the number, all the figures may be read together as mills. Any number of mills are changed to dollars by putting a point between the third and fourth figure from the right; the figures at the left will be dollars, and those at the right, dimes, cents, and mills. Since any sum which has cents or mills in it, may be considered as so many cents or mills, it is evident that any operation, as addition, multiplication, &c. may be performed upon it in the same manner as upon simple numbers.

If the sum consists of dollars and a number of cents less than ten, there must be a zero between the dollars and the cents in the place of dimese Thus 7 dols. and 5 cents must be written $7.05.

19. What will 10 yards of cloth cost at $4.53 a yard ?
20. What will 10 pounds of coffee cost at $0.27 a pound ?
21. What will 100 sheep cost at $8.45'apiece ?
22. What will 1,000 yards of cloth cost at $0.35 a yard ?
Multiply 5 by 1032. Multiply 90 by 100
10133.

4 1,000
30 10/34.

73 1,000 26. 124 10/35.

80 1,000 27. 387 10/36.

132 1,000 28. 450

800 1,000 29. 13,008

1,643

1,000 30. her y 100/39.

725 10,000 38 10040. 76,438

10,000 VI. 1. What cost 75 lb. of tobacco at 20 cents a pound ! 2. What cost 30 cords of wood at $6,75 a cord ?

3. If 400 men receive 135 dollars apiece, how many dal lars will they all receive ?

23. 24.

25.

10/37.
10 33.

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4. If 30 men can do a piece of work in 43 days, how many days will it take 1 man to do it ?

5. If 70 men can do a piece of work in 83 days, how many men will it take to do it in one day ?

6. If the pendulum of a clock swing once in a second, how many times will it swing in an hour ? How many times in a day? How many times in a week?

7. How many seconds are there in 10 min. 23 sec. ?
8. How many minutes are there in 7 h. 23 min. ?
9. How many minutes are there in 3d. 7 h. 43 min. ?

10. How many seconds are there in 8 d. 7 h. 34 min. 19 sec. ?

11. A garrison of 3,000 men are to be paid, and each man is to receive 128 dollars. How many dollars will they a'l receive ?

12. What cost 30 barrels of cider at $3.50 a barrel ?

13. There are 320 rods in a mile, how many rods are there in 7 miles? How many in 10 miles ?

How many in 30 miles? How many in 500 miles ? 14. Multiply 34 by 2018. Multiply 4,007 by 80 15.

57
300 19.

11,600 700 16. 250 60 20.

4,960 40,000 17.

387 5,000 21. 13,400 8,000 VII. 1. What will 17 oxen come to at 42 dollars apiece ?

Note. Find the price of 10 oxen and of 7 oxen separately, and then add them together.

2. What will 34 barrels of flour come to, at $6.43 a barrel ?

Nate. Find the price of 30 barrels and of 4 barrels separately, and then add them together.

3. What cost 19 gallons of wine, at $1.28 a gallon ? 4. What cost 68 yards of cloth, at $9.36 a yard ?

5. What will 87 Thousand of boards come to, at $5.50 a thousand ?

6. What will 58 barrels of beef come to, at $9.75 a barrel ?

7. What will 87 gallons of brandy come to, at $1.60 a gallon?

8. A and B depart from the same place and travel in opposite directions, A at the rate of 38 miles in a day, and B at the rate of 42 miles a day. How far apart will they be at the end of the first day? How far at the end of 15 days !

How many

9. What will 287 barrels of turpentine come to, at $3.25 a barrel ?

Note. Find the price of 200 barrels, of 80 barrels, and of 7 barrels separately, and then add them together.

10. What will 358 barrels of beef come to, at $7.55 a barrel ?

11. A dröver bought 853 sheep at an average price of $3.58 apiece. What were the whole worth?

12. À merchant bought 105 hundred weight of lead, at $17.33 a hundred weight ; how much did the whole come to?

13. If a ship şail 8 miles in an hour, how many miles will she sail in a day, at that rate? How far in 127 days ?

14. An army of 8,975 men are to receive 138 dollars apiece. How many dollars will they all receive ?

15. An army of 11,327 men are to receive a year's pay, at the rate of 5 dollars a month for each man. dollars will they all receive ?

16. Bought 207 chaldrons of coal, at $12.375 a chaldron. How much did it come to ?

17. Bought 857 pounds of sugar at $0.125 a pound. How much did it come to ?

18. Shipped 350 casks of butter worth $14.50 a cask. What was the value of the whole ?

19. What cost 354 fother of lead, at $63.57 a fother?

20. What cost 25,837 gallons of brandy, at $2.375 3 gallon ? 21. If it cost $28.56 to clothe a soldier 1

year,
how

many dollars will it cost to clothe an army of 15,200 men the same time ? Multiply 887

47 23. 6,300

250 24. 1,006

308 25. 15,030

1,005 26. - 38,446

2,700 27. 487,500

38,400 28. 7,035,064

30,704 29. 9,800,000

37,000 30. 78,508,060

300,005 43,060,085

703,004 Miscellaneous Examples. 1. If 1 pound of tobacco cost 28 cents, what will a keg of tobacco, weighing 112 pounds, cost ?

22.

by

31.

OZ.

AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce,

marked 16 ounces

1 pound

Ib. 28 pounds

l quarter

qr. 4 quarters

1 hundred weight cwt. 20 hundred weight 1 ton

T. By this weight are weighed all things of a coarse and drossy nature; such as butter, cheese, flesh, grocery wares, and all metals except gold and silver.

2. At 12 cents per lb. how much will 1 quarter of sugar come to ?

3. If 1 quarter of sugar cost 7 dollars, what will 1 cwt cost ?

4. How many pounds are there in 1 cwt. ? 5. In 2 cwt. 2 qrs. how many quarters ? 6. In 3 qrs. 18 lb. how many pounds ? 7. In 2 cwt. 1 qr. how many pounds ? 8. In 1 cwt. 3 qrs. 23 lb. how many pounds ? 9. In 18 lb. how many ounces? 10. In 12 cwt. how many ounces ? 11. In 14 cwt. 3 qrs. 15 lb. 8 oz. how many ounces?

12. At 9 cents å pound, what cost 3 cwt. 2 grs. 16 lb. of sugar ?

TROY WEIGHT.

!

24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, marked dwt. 20 penny-weights 1 ounce

OZ. 12 ounces 1 pound

Ib. By this weight are weighed gold, silver, jewels, corp, bread, and liquors.

13. If an ingot of silver weigh 42 oz. 13 dwt., what is it worth at 4 cents per dwt. ?

14. What is the value of a silver cup weighing 9 oz. 4 dwt. 16 gr. at 3 mills per grain ?

15. In 15 ingots of gold each weighing 9 oz. 5 dwt. 7 gr. liow many grains ?

APOTIIECARIES' WEIGHT. 20 grains (gr.) make 1 scruple, marked sc. 3 scruples

1 dram

dr. or 3 8 drams

1 ounce

oz. or 12 ounces

1 pound

lb.

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