quarts, and of each an equal number, may be filled with a pipe of wine? Note. Three vessels, the first containing a pint, the second a quart, and the third two quarts, are the same as one vessel containing 3 qts. 1 pt. The question is the same as if it had been asked, how many vessels, each containing 3 qts. 1 pt., might be filled. 97. A man hired some labourers, men and boys, and of each an equal number; to the men he gave 7s. and to the boys 3s. a day, each. How many shillings did it take to pay a man and a boy? It took 3.£. 10s. to pay them for 1 day's work. How many were there of each sort ? Note. The question is the same as if it were asked, how many men this would pay at 10s. per day. 98. A man bought some sheep and some calves, and of each an equal number, for $165.00; for the sheep he gave $7.75 apiece, and for the calves $3.25. How many were there of each sort ? 99. A man having $70.15, wished 10 purchase some rye, some wheat, and some corn, and an equal number of bushels of each kind. The rye was $0.95 per bushel, the wheat $1.37, and the corn $0.73. How many bushels of each sort could he buy if he laid out all his money ? 100. How many table spoons, weighing 23 dwt. each, and tea spoons, weighing 4 dwt. 6 gr. each, and of each an equal number, may be made from 41b. 1 oz. 1 dwt. of silver ? 101. A merchant has 20 hhds. of tobacco, each containing 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. which he wishes to put into boxes containing 71b. each. How many boxes must he get? 102. Bought 140 hhds of salt, at $4.70 per hhd. ; how much did it come to ? How many quintals of fish, at $2.00 per quintal, will it take to pay for it? 103. A man bought 18 cords of wood, at 8 dollars a cord, and paid for it with flour, at $6 a barrel. How many barrels did it take ? 104. A man sold a hogshead of molasses at $0.40 per gal., and received his pay in corn at $0.34 per bushel. How many bushels did he receive ? 105. How much coffee, at $0.25 a pound, can I have for 100 lb. of tea, at $0.87 per lb. ? 106. How much broadcloth, at $6.66 per yard, must be given for 2 hhds. of molasses, at $0.37 per gal. ? 107. How many times is 8 contained in 6,848? 108. 12,873 is how many times 3 ? 109. 86,436 is how many times 9 ? 110. 1,740 is how many times 6 ? 111. 18,345 is how many times 5 ? 112. 64,848 is how many times 4 ? 113. 94,456 is how many times 8 ! 114. 80,055 is how many times 15 ? 115. 8,772 is how many times 12 ? 116. 1,924 is how many times 37 ? 117. 1,924 is how many times 52 ? 118. 3,102 is how many times 94 ? 119. 3,102 is how many times 33 ? 120. 4,978 is how many times 131 ? 121. 28,125 is how many times 375 ? 122. 15,341 is how many times 529 ? 123. 49,640 is how many times 136 ? 124. 6,81 3,978 is how many times 8,253 ? 125. 92,883,780 is how many times 9,876 ! 126. 2,001,049,068 is how many times 261,986 ? 127. 11,714,545,304 is how many times 87,362 ? 128. 921,253,442,978,025 is how many times 918,273,615! Miscellaneous Examples. 1. At 4s. 3d. per bushel, what cost 3 bushels of corn ? 2. At 2s. 3d. per yard, what cost 4 yards of cloth ? 3. What cost 7 lb. of coffee, at ls. 6d. per lb. ? 4. What cost 3 gallons of wine, at 8s. 3d. per gal. ? 5. What cost 4 quintals of fish, at 13s. 3d. per quintal ? 6. What cost 5 cwt. of iron, at 14. 9s. 4d. per cwt. ? 7. What cost 6 cwt. of sugar, at 3€. 8s. 4d. per cwt. ? 8. What cost 9 yds. of broadcloth, at 2£. 6s. 8d. per yard ? 9. How much sugar in 3 boxes, each box containing 14 lb. 7 oz. ? 10. At 3£. 9s. per cwt. what cost 7 cwt. of wool ? 11. What is the value of 5 cwt. of raisins, at 2£. ls. 8d. 12. How much wool in 3 packs, each pack weighing ? wt. 2 qrs. 13 lb. ? per cwt. ? 13. What is the weight of 5 casks of raisins, each cask weighing 2 cwt. 3 qrs. 25 lb. ? 14. What is the weight of 12 pockets of hops, each pocket weighing 1 cwt. 2 qrs. 17 lb. ? 15. What is the weight of 16 pigs of lead, each pig weighing 3 cwt. 2 qrs. 17 lb. ? Note. Divide the multiplier into factors as in Art. IV.; that is, find the weight of 4 pigs and then of 16. 16. At 7s. 4d. per bushel, what cost 18 bushels of wheat ? 17. What cost 21 cwt. of iron, at 1£. 6s. 8d. per cwt. ? 18. What cost 28 lb. of tea, at 5s. 7d. per lb. ? 19. What cost 32 lb. of coffee, at ls. 8d. per lb. ? 20. What cost 23 lb. of tea, at 4s. 3d. per lb. ? Note. Find the price of 21 lb. and then of 2 lb. and add them together, Art. IV. 21. What cost 26 yds. of cloth, at 8s. 9d. per yd. ? 22. What cost 34 cwt. of rice, at 1£. Is. 8d. per cwt. ? 23. If an ounce of silver cost 6s. 9d., what is that per lb. Troy? What would 2 lb. 7 oz. cost ? 24. What is the value of 38 yds. of cloth, at 2£. 6s. 4d. per yd. ? 25. A man bought a bushel of corn for 5s. 3d., and a bushel of wheat for 7s. 6d. ; what did the whole amount to? 26. How much silver in 6 table spoons, each weighing 5 oz. 10 dwts. ? 27. A man bought two loads of hay, one weighing 18 cwt. 3 qrs., and the other 19 cwt 1 qr.; how much in both ? 28. À man bought one load of hay for 7£. 3s., and another for 6£. 8s. 4d.; how much did he give for both ? 29. A man bought 3 vessels of wine; the first contained 18 gallons; the second 15 gals. 3 qts. ; and the third 17 gals. 2 qts. 1 pt. How much in the 3 vessels ? 30. A merchant bought 4 pieces of cloth. The first contained 18 yds. 3 qrs.; the second 23 yds. 1 qr. 3 nls.; the third 25 yds.; and the fourth 16 yds. 2 qrs. 2 nls. How many yards in the whole ? 31. A man bought 3 bu. 2 pks. of wheat at one time ; 18 bu. 3 pks. at another time; 9 bu. 1 pk. 5 qts. at a third ; and 16 bu. O pk. 7 qts. at a fourth. How many bushels did he buy in the whole ? 32. A man bought a cask of raisins for 1£. 18s. 4d. ; 1 Ib. of coffee for 1s. 6d. ; 1 cwt. of cocoa for 3£. 178.; 1 keg He gave pay ? of molasses for 13s. 70. ; 1 box of lemons for 1£. 39. ; 1 bushel of corn for 4s. 3d. How much did the whole amount to ? 33. A man bought 4 bales of cotton. The first contained 4 cwt. 2 qrs. 16 lb. ; the second 3 cwt. 1 qr. 14 lb. ; the third 5 cwt. 0 qr. 23 lb.; and the fourth 4 cwt. 3 qrs. What was the weight of the whole ? 34. A merchant bought a piece of cloth, containing 19 yds. 3 qrs., and sold 4 yds. 1 qr. of it; how much had he left ? 35. A grocer drew out of a hhd. of wine 17 gals. 3 qts.; how much remained in the hogshead ? 36. A bought of B a bushel of wheat for 7s. 6d. him 1 bushel of corn worth 5s. 3d. and paid the rest in money. How much money did he pay ? 37. C bought of B a bale of cotton for 18£. 4s. and B bought of C 4 barrels of flour for 9£. 3s. C paid B the rest in money. How much money did he 38. If from a piece of cloth, containing 9 yds: you cut off 1 yd. 1 qr., how much will there be left? 39. If from a piece of cloth, containing 18 yds. 1 qr. you cut off 3 yds. 3 qrs., how much will be left ? 40. If from a box of butter, containing 15 lb. there be taken 6lb. 3 oz., how much will be left ? 41. A man sold a box of butter for 178. 4d., and in pay received 7 lb. of sugar, worth 9d. 2qr. per lb. and the rest in money. How much money did he receive ? 42. A countryman sold a load of wood for 2£. 8s. and received in pay 3 gals. of molasses at 2s. 3d. per gal., 8 lb. of raisins at 10d. per lb., 1 gal. of wine at 11s. 3d., and the rest in money. How much money did he receive ? 43. A smith bought 17 cwt. 3 qrs. of iron, and after having wrought a few days, wishing to know how much of it he had wrought, he weighed what he had left, and found he had 8 cwt. 1 qr. 13 lb. How much had he wrought? 44. A merchant bought 110 bars of iron, weighing 53 cwt. 1 qr. 11 lb., of which he sold 19 bars, weighing 9 cwt. 3 qrs. 15 lb. How much had he left ? 45. A merchant bought 17 cwt. 2 qrs. 1 lb. of sugar, and sold 13 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 lb. How much remains unsold ? 46. From a piece of cloth, which contained 43 yds. 1 qr., a tailor cut 3 suits, containing 6 yds. 2 qrs. 2 nls. each. How much cloth was there left ? 47. The revolutionary war between England and America commenced April 19th, 1775, and a general peace took place Jan. 20th, 1783. How long did the war continue ? 48. The war between England and the United States commenced June 18th, 1812, and continued 2 years 8 months 13 days. When was peace concluded ? 49. The transit of Venus (that is, Venus appeared to pass over the sun) A. D. 1769, took place at Greenwich, Eng. June 4th, 5 h. 20 min. 50 sec. morn. Owing to the difference of longitude between London and Boston it would take place 4 hours 44 min. 16 sec. earlier by Boston time. At what time did it take place at Boston ? buy? X. 1.* If 1 yard of cloth is worth 2 dollars, what is 1 of a yard worth? 2. What is 1 of 2 dollars ? 3. If 2 dollars will buy 1 lb. of indigo, how much will I dollar buy? How much will 3 dollars buy? How much will 7 dollars buy? How much will 23 dollars buy? How much will 125 dollars buy. 4. At 3 shillings per bushel, what will { of a bushel of corn cost ? What will of a bushel cost ? 5. At 3 dollars a barrel, what part of a barrel of cider will 1 dollar buy? What part of a barrel will dollars buy? How much will 4 dollars buy? How much will 5 dollars How much will 8 dollars buy? How much will 28 dollars by ? 6. At 3 dollars a box, how many boxes of raisins may be bought for 125 dollars ? 7. How many bottles, holding 3 pintsaeach, may be filled with 85 gallons of cider? 8. At 4 dollars a yard, how much will of a yard of cloth cost? How much will of a yard cost? How much will of a yard cost ? 9. A 4 dollars a box, what part of a box of oranges may be bought for 1 dollar ? What part for 2 dollars ? What part for 3 dollars ? How many boxes may be bought for 5 dollars? How many for 19 dollars ? 10. At 4 dollars à barrel, how many barrels of rye flour may be bought for 327 dollars ? 11. At 5 dollars a cord, what will ț of a cord of wood * See First Lessons, sect. III. art. B |