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Of the Law of God.
OD gave to Adam a law of universal obe
dience written in his heart, and a particular precept of not eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, as a covenant of works, by which he bound him and all his posterity to personal, entire,.exact and perpetual obedience, promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it, and en dued him with power and ability to keep it. a
a Gen, i, 26, 27, and ii. 17. Rom. ii, 14, 15, and x. 5, and v. 12, 19. Gal. iij. 10, 12. Eccl. vii. 29. Job. xxviii. 28.
II. This Law so written in the heart, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness after the fall of man, and was delivered by God on Mount Sinai in ten commandments, and written, in two tables, b the four first commandments containing our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man. C
b James, i, 25, and ii. 8, 10, 11, 12. Rom. xiii, 8, 9. Deut. v. 3, and x. 4. Exod. xxxiv. 1. c Mat. xxii, 37, 38, 39, 40.
III. Besides this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give the people of Israel, as a Church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worshiping, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings aud benefits, d and partly holding forth divers instruc:ions of moral duties. e All which ceremonial laws being appointed only to the tine of reformation, are by Jesus Christ, the true Messiah and only Law.giver, who was furnished with power from the Father for that end, ahirogaled, and taken awav.f
d Heb. ix, and x. 1. Gal. iv. 1, 2, 3..Col. ii, 17. el Cor. v. 9. II Cor. vi. 17. Jude, 23. f Heb. ix. 1 , 11. Jam. iv. 12. Heb. vii. 12, Col. ii, 14, 16, 17. Dan, ix. 27. Eph. ii, 15, 16.
IV. To them also he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any now by virtue of that institution, their general equity only being still of moral use. g
Exod. xxi, and xxji. I to 29. Gen. xlix, 10, with I Pet. ii, 13, 14, Mat. v. 17, with 38, 39. I Cor. ix. 8, 9, 10.
V. The moral law doth forever bind all, as well justified persons as oihers, to the obedience
thereof; h and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it.it Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, hut much strengthen, this obligation. k
h Rom. xiii, 8, 9, 10. Eph. vi. 6, 1, 2. I John, ii, 3, 4, 7, 8. i James, ii, 10, 11. k Mat. v. 17, 18, 19. James, ii. 8.
VI. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned ;l yet it is of great use to them, as well as to others ; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their dury, and directs and binds them to walk accordingly; m discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts and lives ; n so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin o together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience. f It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin, q and the threatenings of it serve to shew what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect from them, although freed from the curse thereof; threatened in the law. The promises of it in like manner, shew them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof, although
mot as due to them by the law, as a covenant of works, I so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the others, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under gra: e, U
1 Rom. vi. 14. Gal. ij. 16, and iii. 13, and iv. 4, 5. Acts, xiii. 39. Rom. viii. 1.
in Rom. vii. 12, 22, 25. Psal. cxix. 4, 5, 6. I Cor. vii, 19. Gal. v. 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. Rom. vii 7. and iii. 20. James, i. 23, 24, 25. Ř m. vii. 9, 14, 24. p Gal. iii. 24. Rom. vii. 24, 25, and viii. 3, 4.
Jarces 2, 11. Psal. cxix, 101, 104, 128. g Ezra, ix, 13, 14. Psa. Ixxxix, 30, to 35. s Lev. xxvi. 3 to 14, with Il Cor. 6, 10. Eph. vi. 2, 3. Psa. xxxvii. 11. Mat. v. 5. Psa. xix. 11. t Gal. ii. 16. Luke xvii. 10. u Rom. vi. 12, 14. I Pet. iíi. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, with Psa, xxxiv, 12, to 10. Heb. xii. 28, 29.
VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law, contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it, w the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully, which the will of God revealed in the law. required to be done X
w Gal. iji. 21. x Ezek. xxxvi. 26,27. Heb. vili, 10. Jeř. xxxi. 33.
Of the Gospel, and of the extent of the Graces
HE covenant of works being broken by
sin, and made un profitable unto life, a God was pleased to give unto the elect the promise of Christ, the seed of the woman, b as the means of calling them, and begetting in' them faith and repentance. c In this promise, the gospel, as to the substance of it, was revealed, and was therein efectual for the conversion and salvation of sinners, d
a Rom. viii. 3. Gal. iii. 12. b Gen, üi. 15. Ga!. iv. 4, 5. Rev. xiii. 3. c I Cor. i. 23, 24, 26. James, i. 18. Rom. x. 8. Acts, xi. 15, 18 d I Cor. ii. 2.
II. The promise of Christ, and salvation by bim is revealed only in and by the word of God; e neither do the works of creation or Providence, with the light of nature, make discovery of Christ, or of grace by him, so much as in a general or obscure way if much less that men destilute of the revelation of him by the promise or gospel, should be enabled thereby to attain saving faith or repentance. g
e Mat. xi. 27. II Tim. i. 10. f Rom. i. 19, 20. Eph. ii. 12. Rom. xvi. 25, 26. Eph. iii. 9.