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Of the Lord's Supper.
was betrayed, instituted the Sacrament of his body and blood called the Lord's Supper, to be observed in his Churches to the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance, and shewing forth of the sacrifice of himself in his death, the sealing of all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishinent and growth in him, their further engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him, and lo be a bond and pledge of their communion with him and with each other. a
al Cor. xi, 23, 24, 25, 26, and x, 16, 17, 21, and xii, 13.
II. In this Sacrament Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real sacrifice m.cle at all for remission of sin of the quick or dead, ó but on. ly a memorial of that one offering up of himself upon the Cross, once for all, and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same, c so that the Popish sacrifice of the Mass (as they call it) is most abominably inju. rious to Christ's own only sacrifice, the alone propitiation for all the sins of the eleci.
• H b. ix, 22, 25, 26, 28. c I Cor. xi, 24, 25, 26. Mat. xxvi, 26, 27. d Heb. vii, 23, 24, 27, and x, ll, 12, 14, 18.
III. The Lord Jesus hath in this ordinance appointed his ministers to decl re his word of instilution to tle people, to pray and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to an holy use, and to take and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the Communicants, d but to none who are not then present in the congregation. f
e Mat. xxvi, 26, 27, 28. Mark xiv, 22, 23, 24. Luke xxii, 19, 20. I Cor. xi, 23, io 26. f Acts xx, 7. I Cor. xi, 20.
IV. Private Masses, or receiving the Sacrament by a Priest, or any other alone, s as likewise the denial of the cup to the people, h worshipping the elements, the listing them up or carrying them about for adoration, and reserving them for any pretended religious use, are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ. i
51 Cor. x, fic h Mark xiv, 23. I Cor.si, 25, to 30.
i Mat. xv, I.
ly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that trųly yet sacramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the body and blood of Christ : k albeit in substance and nature they still remain truly and only bread and wine as they were before. I
k Mat. xxvi, 26, 27, 28. | I Cor. xi, 26, 27, 28. Mat. xxvi, 20.
VI. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine into the substance of Christ's body and blood (commonly called transubstantiation) by consecration of a Priest, or by any other way, is repugnant not to the scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason, overthroweth the nature of the sacrament and hath been, and is the cause of manifold superstitions, yea of gross idola
m Acts iii, 21. I Cor. xi, 24, 25, 26. Luke xxiv, 6, 39.
VII. Worthy receivers outwardly partaking of the visible elements inthis sacramenin do then also inwardly by faith, really and indeed yet not carnally and corporally, but spiritually, receive and feed upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death ; the body and blood of Christ being then not corporally or carnally, in, with, or under the bread and wine, yet as really, but spir. itually present to the faith of believers in that orclinance, as the elements themselves are to their outward senses. O
n I Cor. xi, 28.
o I Cor. xy 16.
VIII. All ignorant and ungodly persons as they are unfit to enjoy cominunion with Christ, so are they unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot without great sin against him whilst they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries, to or be adnitted thereunto ; q yea, whosoe ver shall receive unworthily, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, eating and drinking judgment to themselves, a
p I Cor. xi, 27, 28, 29. II Cor. vi, 14, 15, 16, g I Cor. v, 6, 7, 13. 11 Thess. iii, 6, 14, 15% Mat. vii, 6. r I Cor. xi, 27, 29.
Of the State of man after death, and of the Res.
urrection of the dead.
THE bodies of men after death return to
dust, and see corruption, a but their souls (which neither die nor sleep) having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them, b the souls of the righteous being then made pe fect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies :c and the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torment, and utter darkness reserved for the judgment of the great day: d besides these two places of souls separated from their bodies the scripture acknowledgeth none.
a Gen. jii, 1!. Acts xiii, 36. 6 Luke xxiii, 43, Eccl. xii, 7. c Heb. xii, 23. II Cor. v, 1, 6, 8. Phil. i, 23 Acts iii, 21. Eph. iv, 10. d Luke xvi, 23, 24. Acts i, 25. Jude v, 6. I Pet. iii, 19.
II. At the last day such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed, e and all the dead shall be raised up with the self same bodies, and none other, although with different qualities which shall be united again to their souls forever. f