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of this judgment, seeks to place a limit sufficient to show that we have arrived to these adverse criticisms. How will at the beginning of another of those this limitation be received by the mem- critical periods in the providential hisbers of the broad Church? This large tory of mankind, when the old condiparty comprises some of the most tion of things, political and religious, learned and popular of the clergy. Few is fast breaking up,
There is once of them would go the length of Mr. more ‘the shaking of the heavens and Voysey, and probably none of them so the earth,' and in the language of the directly contradict the express teach- writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews, ings of the creeds, but still fewer will this word, yet once more signifieth be prepared to accept the interpretation the removing of those things that are of the second article as given in this shaken as of things that are made, judgment. Nothing indeed can be that those things that cannot be shaken more unfortunate than the wording of
One of the evidences of this article.
It goes directly in the the change which has come over society, face of the most express teaching of the is the changed aspect of the Church in apostle. “God, says the apostle, regard to religious teaching. The old
was in Christ reconciling the world land-marks are departing. Popular unto Himself.' Christ, says the arti- theological opinions can no longer be cle in question, “truly suffered, was maintained. In this altered condition crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile of things not a few reject doctrine altohis Father to us.' A more complete gether, and seek to confine religion to turning of things upside down can mere feeling and emotion, and to a good scarcely be imagined. Will this judg- life. These mistake the nature of true ment give rise to efforts to reform the religion. It is no more feeling alone creeds ? Surely it is not too much to than it is faith alone. It is pure affechope that it may strengthen the desire tion, combined with and sustained by for the employment in their construction enlightened thought and intelligent of the language of Scripture. This faith. This is convincingly presented ought not to be objectionable to any in this address. “It is strongly asserted party in the Church, while to many it that a man's opinions, views of truth, would be an unquestionable relief, or his faith, which are unconsideringly and to the Church herself a tower of identified, are not of so much signifistrength.
cance as his spirit, his heart, his feel
ings directed, it is to be supposed, toTHE NEW AGE.
wards some great unknown object. It is scarcely possible to take up a We must grant surely that a man's newspaper or periodical of any kind, heart, his feelings, must have an obwithout reading acknowledgments of ject, and some perception and intellithe existence of a new age, on which gence of that object. The desire of the the world and the Church has entered. love of truth must also be allowed some An example of this appears in the ad- place in a man's spirit and feelings. Is dress of the Rev. W. Smith, the Chair- man to be liberated and acquitted from man of the Board of Congregational all responsibility in the faithful direcMinisters in and around Manchester, tion and procedure, the sincere and at a recent meeting of that body. No honest use of his understanding and lack of life and interest, said the intelligence ? I cannot see that man is
“will be complained of in a moral and accountable being at all, our meetings, if we are stirred in spirit if you reduce him to what you are to observe and mark together the signs pleased to call spiritual feeling, apart and movements of the times in which from the exercise of his thought and we live, the questions and doubts that intelligence. If he is not accountable are at work in the disturbed mind of for, and in the use of his mind, take society and the age on almost all sub- away his mind altogether, leave him to jects human and divine, the rapid suc- what you call affection, emotion, sensicession of changes and events that be- bility, feeling--and what then? You token and foretell the beginning of a have a creature of blind sense and feelnew era in the world's history. The ing without eyes.
What after all is the briefest survey of the course of events meaning of that great word, truth? Is at the beginning of the year 1871 is a revelation of truth possible ? Are we
speaker, “ wil
responsible for the use we make of it ? Is the spirit of Christ the spirit of truth? Is it an intelligent spirit ? Does it lead us into all truth about Him, or bring anything about Him into our knowledge and remembrance ? The central source of almost all fanaticism, folly, error, falsehood, especially in religion, has been blind false teaching, Is not one of our greatest needs that of the earnest, patient, prayerful continuous exercise of spiritual thought and of the spiritual mind? What is feeling worth, if separated from sincere care and love for truth, and the fullest exercise of the heart and mind upon truth?”
translated 'substance,' and that the original Latin word translated ‘person' (persona) is not used in the sense of the modern English word person.
This motion was rejected, so that the only resolution adopted on this thorny subject was the one relating to the condemnatory clauses. The discussions make manifest, however, the perplexity which is occasioned by the Creed, and the unwillingness with which many submit to it. Unhappily many of those who most strongly object to this Creed are those who have lost faith in the Deity of the Christian Saviour ; and on this subject the Church is not yet prepared to offer a definite and rational article of faith.
ATHANASIAN CREED. The protracted sittings of the “Ritual Commission " have at length been brought to a close. The experience of last session of Parliament does not encourage the hope that the results of their labours will find ready acceptance with the legislature. There is a growing impatience of ecclesiastical legislation, which, combined with the extent and pressure of important social questions, tends to its neglect and failure. It is interesting, however, to note the action of the commission on the various rubrical and other changes submitted to their attention. All their proceedings manifest an intense caution and fear of change, the majority of the changes suggested being of trifling moment.
It was impossible to complete the revision committed to the commission without bringing into review the rubric relating to the Athanasian Creed, although doubt was expressed as to the power of the commission to deal with the creed itself. It was nevertheless proposed to so alter the rubric as to render the reading of the creed optional. This proposal was not adopted, but a note was adopted declaring—“That the condemnations in this Confession of Faith are to be no otherwise understood than as a solemn warning of the peril of those who wilfully reject the Catholic Faith.” Having adopted the principle, however, of adding dogmatic interpretations of passages in the Prayer-book, the Dean of Westminster moved, “That the original Greek word translated person' (hypostasis) is in the Nicene Creed an equivalent of the Greek word
“Solar Fictions (Seeley). By A. Freeman, F.R.C. It is an elaborate attempt to run down the sun by applying to the great centre of our system the methods which the Colensoist school have adopted with regard to the Bible. Mr. Freeman has had the wisdom to append to his little book a body of criticisms ostensibly by another hand, so as to avoid the danger of his banter being seriously taken. Our own impression is that in time it will come to be admitted that science and Scripture do not approach each other's province. It is, for instance, a complete begging of the question to assume that Gen i. is a cosmogony.
A priori the manner in which the world was created is not a matter of theological interest. It might be necessary, in view of the Gentile mythologies, to state in detail that God was the Maker of the earth, the sea, the air, the heavenly bodies, and of everything that hath breath ; but it does not follow that Gen. i. enumerates the acts of creation in the order in which they occurred, if indeed they occurred in succession at all. It is, on the contrary, far more likely that the form of the narrative has been determined by mystical considerations." -Church Times, Feb. 10.
Reading the Bible.—“We should always remember in reading the Bible that there is not a book in it much short of two thousand years old. In that long space of time, how much the outward circumstances of the world have changed ! We must look below the letter and the figure, and we shall
find much that answers to what we have felt and thought, and
what we have met coming against our hearts in life.
You see at the present time men going out, as it were, to meet unbelief, as if it were a pleasure to reduce in the world the strength of religious faith. In coming upon the narrative parts of Scripture they say of many of them, "I see nothing like that now, therefore there never has been anything of the kind.” Yet these men look very far below outward appearances in their business or professional matters. It is an essential of success that they should
Now, in reading the Bible, we must do as the gold-seeker and the pearlseeker do: there are signs, varying in distinctness, that what they are in search of is not far off. There are neither pearls nor gold to be seen on the top, yet they have a faith they are near. And so, in opening the Bible, we must have the same practical faith: we must say,
“ There is gold here. There are pearls here. Help me, O God, to find them.” And those who have sought through life in this field of gold say that there is not a part in it that has not a rich vein in it-spiritual and moral lessons applicable to every age of the world, and to individual or general circumstances. We can see in it, as in a mirror, our feelings and thoughts pictured in some form or other, and beneath the outward letter a stream of sympathy which has no equal in its power to refresh and strengthen us.”—Church of England Magazine, Feb. 11, 1871.
The Athenæum, Dec. 3, 1870, p. 720, in the list of “Books for the Young,” reports favourably on Mr. Chauncey Giles’ “Wonderful Pocket," “Magic Shoes,” and “The Gate of Pearl."
in Swedish — and superintended the printing both of the translations and of the originals. It is proposed to publish them simultaneously; but the originals will be in a volume by themselves, as many persons will only require to have them in English. The collection will be much more complete than any that has ever before been published. The undertaking will involve considerable expense, and it is intended to issue a special appeal to obtain the necessary funds. The Committee have in the press an edition of the work “On the Decalogue, as containing the Divine Law of Christian Life”—(extracted from the “ Apocalypse Explained") revised by the Rev. T. M. Gorman. It will be uniform with the newly-issued pocketedition of the “Heaven and Hell.” It deserves to be better known than it appears to be that this edition of the “Heaven and Hell” is peculiarly adapted for circulation among general readers, as it does not contain the numerous references to the “ Arcana Cælestia. Three volumes of the “Apocalypse Explained” are nearly out of print : the Committee have therefore ordered them to be reprinted. The readers of the Intellectual Repository will have seen in the February number a list of Swedenborg's works, more complete than had previously been published. This is intended to be placed at the end of all the octavo copies of the works issued by the Society. It will also appear in the Intellectual Repository each alternate month : it is also avail. able for general circulation. A large number has been printed, with the view of having them judiciously circulated by societies and individuals. A few copies of the “Heaven and Hell” in Italian have been received. The style in which the book appears is highly creditable to the Italian press; and the friends in Italy are exerting themselves to promote its circulation. Several copies have already been sold. Its publication has been kindly noticed by the Rev. A. E. Ford in the New Jerusalem Messenger. The work will shortly be on sale here. For some time past, the Society's works have been extensively advertised in what appear to be the most suitable journals and magazines. The result has been largely-increased sales, especially of the “Heaven and Hell.” Owing to the daily-increasing labours of the Commit
SWEDENBORG SOCIETY.—The attention of the Committee has lately been much occupied with the newly-found documents respecting Swedenborg. The bulk of these did not come into their possession till January. It has thus happened that it was only at their last meeting that Dr. Tafel could fairly be set to work upon them. He is now expected to go on continuously till he has translated them all—they are chiefly
tee, involving considerable expenditure, ready in attendance, and we hope that it becomes imperatively necessary to others will avail themselves of so deurge upon the members and friends of sirable an opportunity of instruction the Society the duty of using their best and training for their work. In addi. endeavours to increase the list of sub- tion to the four theological students, scribers, and thereby enable the Com- there are now nineteen lay pupils at mittee to carry on, still more efficiently the college. Dr. Goyder having sug. than hitherto, a work which, however gested that there ought to be a teacher apparently humble, is nevertheless in
of anatomy and physiology, Mr. Batetrinsically among the most important man has been appointed to this office of the age. Payments, by Post Office the office being held without salary. Order or otherwise, may be made to the Occasional lectures on scientific subjects Treasurer, Thos. Watson, Esq., 19 continue to be given, the most recent Highbury Crescent, London, N., or to being one on botany by Mr. Fairsley, a any of the Collectors.-H. BUTTER, Sec. second lecture on geology by Mr. BateFeb. 15, 1871.
man, and one on the circulation of the SWEDENBORG's MSS.—The following
blood by Dr. Goyder. appeared in The Daily Telegraph, under
THE LONDON MISSIONARY AND TRACT the heading of “University of London:" -“ The library of the University of
SOCIETY AND COLPORTAGE.-For a conLondon, now established in the new
siderable time, many friends have felt building opened by Her Majesty in May
strongly inclined to try the colportage last, has lately received two very inter
system in London. The success which esting accessions. One of these, pre
has attended the efforts of this kind in sented by the Lords of the Treasury, is
the country has encouraged the hope a facsimile of the black letter Prayer
that results equally happy would follow Book, containing manuscript alterations
in the Metropolis. At length the and additions made in the year 1661,”
Committee took the matter into serious &c. “The other work, which
consideration, discussed it very fully, has been presented by the New Church
and at length came to the conclusion of Great Britain, is a complete repro
that if the suitable man could be found duction, by photo-lithography, of the
there would probably be a considerable manuscript works of Emanuel Sweden
result for good achieved by the adoption borg, which have been carefully pre
of the system. They advertised for a served at Stockholm. This reproduc
colporteur, and received several applition, executed under the direction of
cations from persons evidently zealous the Rev. Dr. Tafel, forms ten folio vol
and ready to undertake the work. From umes, and is probably the largest work
these, two were selected— Mr Robinson of its kind. Only 110 copies have been
of Liverpool and Mr Rowe of South struck off, and of these half are intended
London — and requested to present for America, which took the initiative
themselves at the last meeting of the in the movement.
Committee for a personal interview.
The two candidates came, and were reNEW CHURCH COLLEGE.—Since our quested to state their views of the office, last, Dr. Tafel has been appointed the- and the conceptions they had of the ological tutor in the College, and has mode in which they would carry out commenced his duties. The course of their operations. This they did pretty study, we understand, will embrace fully ; and, after they had withdrawn, Biblical history and criticism, including the Committee came to the conclusion the history of the English version ; that the two candidates possessed many Church history, including the history qualities eminently suitable to attain of doctrine ; the doctrines of the New success in the work, and it could Church and the law of correspondence ; scarcely be decided which on the whole the composition of sermons and pre- was the most suitable. At length the paration for pastoral work. In addi- suggestion was made that probably the tion to the college students, missionary wisest course would be to employ both preachers and other theological students for three months, commencing with the will, with the consent of the council, first of March, and determine after have the privilege of attending, the three months' experience which was classes. One of the missionaries is al- most likely to be successful in the work, or if it were desirable and possible to are dependent on the services of leaders sustain both. This course was unani- appointed from among themselves, and mously adopted. On the first of March whose labours are supplemented and these gentlemen will commence their sustained by these missionary visits. labours; and the Committee earnestly In relation to these societies, Mr. Gunhope that all our friends will favour the ton remarks-“The members should colporteurs with their best co-operation remember how much the leader—who, and advice. Any suggestion that may like themselves, earns his daily bread be offered to secure the greatest efficiency by his secular calling, and makes great will be gratefully received by Mr Jobson, sacrifices of personal comfort to prepare the Secretary. At the same Commit- himself to fulfil the duties of his office tee-meeting, a proposition was made, -is encouraged by their presence. If from the Lincolnshire New Church As- they desire to promote the cause they sociation, to commence the employment profess to love, surely they will feel it of a colporteur for that county, and a delight to be in the company of those recommending Mr Bellamy as a person who are one with them in sentiment eminently suitable in energy, zeal, and and feeling. There is room for imtalent. The Lincolnshire friends pro- provement in this respect, which we posed to guarantee half the cost of an hope will take place, so that the deexperiment for three months, and the solation of the sanctuary, 'which someCommittee in London cheerfully under- times painfully affects the casual visitor, took the other half. These colporteurs may give place to a service, steadily atwill be able to diffuse a large number tended by intelligent and devout worof tracts, and to sell a large number of shippers. In this case our services the cheaper publications, and here and would be a delight to all, and our practhere introduce the more important tice no longer rebuked by the greater works. They can deliver bills, attend zeal of those who have a light less meetings, and take advantage of the bright to guide them.” opportunities afforded to push business, and in this way aid the work of substi- HAMMERSMITH.—A series of eight tuting light for darkness, spirituality lectures, under the auspices of the New for materialism, comfort for gloom, and Church Missionary and Tract Society, good for evil. They will deem it their was delivered in the Assembly-Room of duty to foster every good effort for the this suburban town during the month improvement of mankind, all sanitary, of October last, the two first lectures educational, and moral, as well as reli- being given by the Rev. Dr. Bayley, on gious, progress, co-working, where it is “ The Second Coming of Christ” and possible, with others, labouring in “The Lord Jesus Christ the only God peace, from love to the Lord, for all of the Church and the World, in whom that can elevate their fellow-men. In- is a Divine Trinity.” Both these leccreased help will be needed to sustain tures were delivered in the lecturer's this effort and make it successful, and well-known style, argumentative and the Committee earnestly invite all the convincing, enchained the attention of friends of the Church and of progress to a select and appreciative audience durcontribute a larger amount than hereto- ing their delivery, and elicited many fore, and those who have not contributed important questions from some who before to do so, that the labourers may were evidently strangers to the views be
encouraged and good may be done. — advanced, to which, it is needless to On behalf of the Committee, J. BAYLEY, say, replies of a lucid and satisfactory President of Conference.
kind were given. On the Sunday
following, Mr. Gunton delivered an NATIONAL MISSIONARY INSTITUTION. evening discourse on
“ The Serpent -Mr. Gunton continues his active and tempting Eve.” During the succeeduseful course of labours. Since our ing week Mr. P. Ramage delivered last he has visited Chatteris, Ipswich, two lectures on “ Hell: what and Brightlingsea, St. Ives, Maidstone, and where is it? Are its Punishments Eter
and at the time we write, nal ?” and “What do the Scriptures is at Hull on his way to Middlesborough teach respecting Jesus ?”. On Sunday and the North. În the towns thus Mr. Gunton again lectured on the quesvisited, there are small societies, who tion of the Philippian jailor, “What