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ligent Christian gentleman, and his intimate friendship with Fletcher of Madeley, to whom he was indebted for his introduction to the writings of Swedenborg, is itself an evidence of his intelligence and the excellency of his Christian character.
PORTRAIT OF SWEDENBORG.–To the Editor.-Dear Sir,- Most of your readers will be interested in the announcement that a Portrait of Swedenborg, of the existence of which no one living at the present time seems to have been aware, has just been discovered. It is an oil painting, 25 inches high by 20 inches wide, on old canvas, nailed with iron nails to a frame of common cedar. The nails are so old that the rust from them has permeated the grain of the surrounding wood and made it almost homogeneous with the nail. The general condition of the picture is such as to satisfy any competent judge that it is no modern production; in fact, several judges of old paintings have, from an inspection of the back of the canvas and frame, without seeing the front, pronounced that it must be about 100 years old. The lower part of the picture and the left side of the coat are much injured, so that the bare canvas shows itself in patches, but the head, neck, and breast of the portrait are whole, and perfectly preserved, excepting the discolouration by age and dirt. The face is presumably life-size, and has a pleasing and benignant expression; the eyes are of a light brown colour and full of animation; the eyebrows and perceptive ridge large and of unusual development; the mouth has a happy expression, and without that heavy appearance which disfigures several of the engraved portraits ; but nevertheless the part immediately below the under lip is fuller than is common. The nose presents exactly the form given in the portrait published by Mr. Newbery. Swedenborg is represented wearing a light-coloured wig of similar form to that in the Stockholm portraits, one of which is in the hall of the Academy of Sciences, and the other in the castle of Gripsholm. The wig, however, in this picture is set rather more forward on the head than in those portraits. The white neckerchief is worn in several folds round the neck, and then descends in a projecting fulness between the open
waistcoat about eight inches down the breast. This portrait has been taken in a more directly front light than the others, and consequently shows less shadow. The position is nearly threequarter-face, and while the features are unmistakeably the same as shown in the photographs brought by Dr. Tafel from the Stockholm portraits, the whole picture differs from those in so many details that it could not have been a copy from either of them, nor can it be a painting from any known engrav. ing. All the artists who have seen it pronounce it to bear strong evidences of having been taken from the life. The eyes especially indicate this to have been the case. I believe this to be the latest portrait of Swedenborg extant, as also the only one taken from the life in England, having most probably been taken between 1768 and 1772, and perhaps a very short time before his death. This undoubtedly interesting relic was discovered by Mr. J. Hardy (residing at the New Church College, Islington), on the 20th of May 1871, in Little Gray's Inn Lane, Clerkenwell, London, three minutes' walk from Great Bath Street, Cold Bath Square, where Swedenborg lived and died. Mr. Hardy, knowing me to be interested in collecting all old memorials of New Church history and literature, informed me, and I at once purchased it from him.-J. BRAGG, Handsworth, Birmingham, June 11, 1871.
GENERAL CONFERENCE. — The sixtyfourth Session of the General Conference of the ministers and representatives of the Societies of the New Church will commence at Cross Street, London, on Monday, 7th August, at 7 p.m.
Secretaries of committees, appointed to report to this Session, are requested to forward their reports to the secretary, Rev. John Presland, 37 Wilmot Street, Derby, at the earliest opportunity. It will also greatly facilitate the labours of the gentleinen who have the making of the preliminary arrangements, if secretaries of societies will communicate with the Secretary of the Cross Street Society, giving the number and names of their representatives as soon as the appointments are are made. The Secretary's address is Mr. Penn, 57 Camden Road, London,
NEW CHURCH COLLEGE. -- We invite the attention of our readers to the fol
lowing appeal on behalf of this Institution. The growth and extension of our popular day-school system will necessitate increased provision for the higher education of our middle and upper classes ; and it is worthy the serious consideration of the members of the New Church, whether we should not put forth every effort to consolidate the foundation of the College, to increase its efficiency, and extend its usefulness. At present it is the only public institution of the Church which aims to supply an upper class education, and thus to connect our popular day-schools with the collegiate institutions of the country. It is subject to Conference inspection, and thus to some extent brought under the control of the Church. Its efficient working needs, however, a larger income, and the liquidation of its debt offers an obvious means of promoting this increase. We cordially second, therefore, the appeal of the governors for increased support.
Arrangements, writes the Secretary, have been made to have the seventh Col. lege Report stitched up with each copy of the July number of the Intellectual Repository. In addition to this, I have been directed to make an appeal through your pages, for help to clear off the renainder of the debt, now reduced to about £960. The interest of this debt is a serious diminution of our income, and a drawback to our usefulness. In addition to the stipend of the Principal, we have now to provide the fees for the Theological Professor-Dr. Tafel. These are smaller than they ought to be for the work which is done, and yet they necessarily interfere with our desire to pay off the old liabilities of the College. There are two ways of meeting the difficulties of our position. One was suggested by a member of the last Conference, but naturally met with no favour. It was to devote our income from the Crompton Bequest and Finnie Gift to the clearing off of the debt. This would necessarily entail putting a stop to the work of the College and jeopardizing the endowments which we have. The other is, to seek to induce more of our brethren to unite with us in sustaining this institution, and, whether they do so or not, to endeavour to make it as useful as we can.
This is the way which, trusting in the Lord, we have determined to follow. Throughout the length and breadth of this, our
happy land, there are many New Churchmen, who have “ enough and to
Let these come forward with special donations for the liquidation of our debt, or become Life Governors, or Annual Governors. If we could add 100 Life Governors in the course of the current year, we should be out of debt at once. If we could add 1000 Annual Governors we should be in the same happy case. And why should we not do this? The New Church is large enough, and has been provided by the Lord with means enough to place this public educational establishment on a right footing, and to sustain it well. Why should she not do so ? Now, besides individual subscriptions from those who can afford to become Governors, we might have regular con: tributions from Societies. I have read or heard that amongst the Congrega. tionalists, there are some individual Churches which sustain, by their means, one or more students for the University. Our societies are at present so much occupied with the necessary efforts to secure their own congregational position in the midst of an unsympathizing world that they cannot be expected to do so much as this. But are there not many societies which could easily raise by special collections £10 a year, or £10 every other year, and devote this sum to the purchase of a Life Governorship for their minister, or for any other active and useful member of their church?
The College is every year becoming more and more usefuľ to the Church, and more and more thoroughly at one with the Conference. It rejoices that the Conference visits, inspects, and advises with it. And it will rejoice still more when every member of the church will help it to become an exponent of the earnest desire of every enlightened member of the Conference, a first-rate school for the education of persons in literature and science, and a first-rate theological seminary for preparing such as are suitable for the Ministry.—HENRY BATEMAN, Secy.
MISSIONARY TRACT SOCIETY.--The annual meeting of this Society was held at Argyle Square, on Wednesday evening, 10th May. The friends, to the number of 130, assembled to tea in the Schoolroom of Argyle Square, after which they adjourned to the public meeting in the Church, the number present being largely increased. Several appropriate speeches were made on the occasion, and much encouraging information afforded to those present. We need not, however, dwell at length on this here, as our readers will find the annual report stitched in this month's number of the Magazine, to which we invite their attention.
impressed us who believe in the New Jerusalem with a sense of our duty to each other, and the large population in the midst of which we live. May it in due time bear fruit."
BLACKBURN.— The Rev. E. Madeley of Birmingham, has visited our Society, and rendered us very valuable service. On Sunday, May 14th, in the morning, he addressed a good audience of scholars, teachers, and friends, who were all much delighted and edified by his beautiful and affectionate exposition of the 1st and 2d verses of the 23d Psalm. In the afternoon he preached from Genesis, 4th chap., 9th ver., “Am I my brother's keeper,” in which he showed that Cain, who signifies faith, ought ever to protect, help and keep his brother Abel, who signifies charity. He then dwelt at considerable length on the necessity of cultivating and preserving charity and mutual goodwill, “in honour prefering one an. other,” and showing our sympathy with the great number around us, who need and demand it. In the evening his discourse was from Revelation, 22d chap., vers. 16, 17, which was treated in a lucid and able manner. The col. lections amounted to £19, 17s. 5d. On Monday evening Mr. Madeley delivered a lecture on « The True Nature and Quality of the Holy Word.” From a report in a local paper, we extract the following—“The discourse was founded on the words, “The key of knowledge? (Luke, chap. xi. ver. 52), and was an elaborate exposition of the New Jerusalem doctrine respecting the Scriptures. The science of correspondences he described as the key to the true nature and quality of the Holy Word, and by interpreting the Scriptures according to this science, the doubts of the sceptic would never be entertained, Genesis would be perfectly consistent with geology, and the whole Bible with science. In conclusion, he impressed upon the minister of that temple the necessity of preaching pure and unadulterated doctrine, and on his hearers the importance of regularly attending that house of prayer. His fatherly advice and earnest exhortation has deeply
BRIGHTLINGSEA BAZAAR. This event, proposed by a committee of the ladies of the Society many months ago, and the preparations for which have been going on ever since, took place on the 22d of May and three following days. At three o'clock on the afternoon of Monday the 22d, the bazaar was formally opened in a brief address by Mr. R. Gunton, after which the sales commenced. The articles, which had been presented by various friends of the Church in different parts of the country, added to that prepared by the committee and friends in Brightlingsea, were very numerous, comprising a great variety of what was useful, as well as ornamental ; indeed, such a collection, it was remarked, had never been exhibited in Brightlingsea before. The admissions on the first day were nearly 400, and the sales were more than had been anticipated. The following brief account appeared in the Colchester Mercury :-“
:-"During the present week the members of the New Jerusalem Church in this town have held a bazaar in aid of the funds of their Church. The bazaar was held in the Temperance Hall, and was formally opened on Monday the 22d inst., at three o'clock. The articles presented for sale had been produced mainly by a committee of ladies belonging to the Society, but they had been considerably increased by contri. butions from other friends residing in different parts of the country and in London. Some distinguished persons have been visitors and purchasers, notably one gentleman, a native of Germany, who, with his niece, travelled from London to see the bazaar and the town. The object of the projectors has also been considerably assisted by visitors from every denomination of Christians in the village. Objections are sometimes urged against bazaars, but those objections only lie against the disorder which is sometimes permitted to creep in. We believe that the conducting of this has been free from every such objection.” Norhas the bazaar been without its uses in the Society itself. One of the committee writing to a friend, says:-“We thank you very much for
the kindness and assistance you and Day Schools, Croft Street, Failsworth. other dear friends of the Church have In consequence of the above schools rendered us in our bazaar. Your assist. having for some time been much too ance has been the means of making it small, insomuch that the chapel has had far superior to any thing we expected. to be used for the accommodation of I myself, and I think I may speak for both Sunday and Day school scholars, the whole committee, tenderourwarmest it has been decided to build new ones, thanks to Mrs. Pitman, Mrs. Roe, and on the adjoining vacant land, the plans all other friends whose names we have and specifications of which have been not the pleasure of knowing, who have decided upon. The large room will be come forward to help us so liberally. 62 feet long and 42 feet wide, outside In regard to ourselves, it has been a measure, and calculated to seat comgreat pleasure to meet from time to fortably about 700 persons; besides this, time to work and make arrangements; there will be two class rooms and a and I feel it has been beneficial to us. kitchen, each 12 feet square, and a platWe know each other better, and trust form and infant school room, each 18 it will be the means of making us feet long and 12 feet wide.
The objects better. When we look back at the of these schools are:- To teach the small sum we began to work with, it doctrines of the New Church on Sun. proves what co-operation and unity will days, and on week days to provide do. I feel great pleasure in the way it for those who may attend a good, sound, has been conducted throughout, and am secular education, which will befit the sure we shall all look back upon it with pupils for either mercantile or profesdelight.
It remains to express the sional duties.' Little need be said to sincere thanks of the whole Society to impress you with the importance of those kind friends at a distance who these objects. Those who appreciate have so ably assisted in this matter, the doctrines of the New Church will some by the gift of articles, some by no doubt be pleased at the good omen the purchase of articles, and others by of want of accommodation to further pecuniary contributions. Something the knowledge of these heavenly truths. over £80° has been realized ; every one The following is the result of the last seems to have been satisfied or grati- Government examination in the day fied, and the Society has been relieved schools, which, besides being pleasing of an incubus, which was felt oppres- and interesting to all advocates of sive; much remains for the Society to popular education, will assure them that do, but the power now seems equal to we are not making this effort unnecesthe task.-One of the Trustees.
sarily:-In the day school 124 children
were presented forexamination, of which FAILSWORTH.—The earnest and enter- 122 passed in reading, 119 in writing, prising Society of the New Church at and 119 in arithmetic. In addition to this place has determined to erect new these, 25 infants were examined col. and enlarged schoolrooms for the ac- lectively and passed. In the evening commodation of their increasing Sun- school 40 were presented, and there day and day schools. The design for passed in reading 39, in writing 38, and the new structure is very neat, and its in arithmetic 40. Her Majesty's Inerection will greatly increase the com- spector, E. H. Brodie, Esq., reports as fort, and aid the efficiency of their follows :— The school is very orderly, schools. The cost will be about and the pupils well-behaved, attentive, £700; £100 will be raised in the
and diligent. They are able to pass Society, nearly all the members of the required examination with ease and which belong to the working class. intelligence, and do much credit to the The remainder, excepting what may be teacher's powers and industry.' In obtained from the liberality of friends, order to erect schools of the dimensions will be a debt to be gradually liquidated. stated above, it will be evident that It is very desirable that this debt should all the assistance we can possibly obbe as small as possible, that it may not tain from members, and both immediate clog the future efforts of the Society to and distant friends, will be required. provide for the efficient conducting of The committee, therefore, venture to their Church and schools. We give ask for your willing support and assist. below the circular issued by the com- ance, according to your appreciation of mittee:-“ New Jerusalem Sunday and the work, and the means at your com.
mand. The secretary, to whom com- service he attended was the re-opening munications may be addressed, is Mr. of the church on Sunday, May 23d, Thomas Wood, Albert Street, Newton from his account of which we give the Heath.
following abridged particulars:—“Dur
ing last week handbills were circulated IPSWICH.— Following the example of roughout the town announcing that some of the provincial, and one or more Mr. R. Gunton, of London, would of the metropolitan newspapers, the preach at the chapel on Sunday, in the Ipswich Express has published a series morning upon the subject of The of papers under the title of the “
Ips- Bread of life,' and in the evening upon wich Pulpit.”
Number xvii. is de. 'The Water of life.' We therefore voted to the “New Jerusalem Church," determined to attend the morning serwhich is thus introduced to their vice. The chapel has been closed for a readers “This is one of the smaller fortnight for a thorough cleansing, replaces of worship of the town. It pairing the pews, and re-frosting the stands at a corner, near the upper end windows. We found it a small, low of High Street, but is passed with little room, capable of seating about 120 pernotice, and its very existence would be
Everything was scrupulously overlooked by many were it not that it clean, but it was not bedecked with gives the name to the street at its rear. much unnecessary ornament. The It is a plain low structure, not equal. freshly white flat ceiling was matched ling in size many of the dwelling; by the neatly plastered walls. A little houses around it, and its only external gallery hung over the back of the ornaments are the bands of red brick room, upon which the choir will be enclosing the windows, and contrasting seated when the alterations are comwith the neater white brick, of which pleted. The necessary light is given the chapel or church—for the building by day by five semicircular-headed goes by either name indiscriminately- windows, and by night by six gas buris built. The doctrines of the New ners. Upon one side of the little platJerusalem Church, or Swedenborgian- form at which the minister stands was ism, as it is more generally called, were a harmonium, and upon the other a first brought under the notice of the small table. Upon the latter on a townspeople of Ipswich in a course of white table cloth were the glass vessels lectures which were delivered by the with which the sacrament is adminisRev. Mr. Woodman in 1838. A few tered, and a small earthenware basin. persons became converts to the tenets The chapel is seated with benches, and of the new creed, and in 1848 the pre- has an aisle in the centre of the boarded sent chapel was built at a cost of about floor. The only attempt at decoration £500. The cause has not flourished to that we could detect in a glance over any great extent in this district, and the room was a line of red curtains on several of the founders have emigrated the front of the gallery, and a circular to Australia and New Zealand, where ventilator behind the platform. The the belief is said to have taken a building filled but slowly ; at eleven firmer hold, and but few proselytes o'clock, the time announced for the have been gained in Ipswich to fill beginning of the service, there was 19 their places.
The pulpit has been persons present, but stragglers graduoccupied by various friends, and at ally dropped in, and at one time, in the intervals of about a month a gentle- middle of the service, there were 38 man comes from London to conduct present. The service was commenced the services.” This statement is fol- by the playing over upon the harlowed by an account of the origin of the monium of a simple long metre tune, church and of the life and character of after which Mr. Gunton rose and gave Swedenborg The statement respect- out a hymn, which was sung in a ing our author is not quite accurate.
somewhat slow tune by the congregaNeither in the latter part” nor in tion, four of whom came forward and any other portion of his life did he formed themselves into a choir. The claim “to be the nder the New gentleman occupying the platform then Jerusalem Church." The author writes, read a prayer abridged from the New however, with candour and liberality, Church Liturgy, following it with and evidently with the wish to state the portion of the 6th chapter of St. fairly the facts he is narrating. The John's Gospel, in which our Saviour