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Five toy-horses. 5 toy-horses. 5 toy-horses.

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The mark 5, or 5, is called the figure five.

A. 1. 4 +1?

2. 1 +4?
3. 3 + 2?

4. 2 + 3?
5. 3+1+1?
6. 1+ 2+ 2?

7. 2+1+2? 8. 1+1+ 3? 9. 2 +2 +1?

B. EXPLANATION.-Two parallel lines drawn thus, =

form what is called the sign of equality, which is often used in place of “arein such cases as “ 2 + 2 are 4,' which would then be written “2+2=4.This may be read “ 2 and 2 are 4,” or “2 plus 2 are 4,or “ 2 plus 2 equal 4."

1. 2 +* =

= 5?
2. 1+*=
3. 2 +*=5?

= 5?

4. 2+1+*=

=5?
5. 1+1+*=
6. 2 + 2+ *=5?

= 5?

C.

1. 2 from 5 ? 2. 4 from 5?

3. 1 from 5 ? 4. 3 from 5?

How many

D. 1. Little Isaac had 5 toy-horses, but he gave away 2, and lost 1.

How many did he have left? 2. How many sticks of candy, at 1 cent each, could you buy for a three-cent piece and 2 cents ?

3. Arthur gave a half-dime for some nuts worth 2 cents, and some candy worth 1 cent. cents ought he to receive back?

4. Mr. French had 2 black horses, 2 white horses, and 1 gray horse.

horse. He sold his gray horse, and 1 of his black ones. How many had he left?

5. Lucy picked 3 quarts of blackberries in one pasture, and 1 quart in another, and then sold 2 quarts. How many quarts did she have left?

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D. EXPLANATION.—-6 less 2” means 6 diminished by 2, or made smaller by 2, which is just the same as “ 2 from 6.” Hence, 6 less 2 4; 5 less 3 = 2, &c.

1. 6 less 2
2. 5 less 3 ?

3. 6 less 3?
4. 5 less 1 ?

5. 4 less 2 ?
6. 6 less 4 ?

E. 1. Francis answered 2 questions in spelling, 1 question in reading, and 3 questions in arithmetic. How many questions did he answer in all ?

2. Henry cannot tell me how many will be left if I take 2 from 6. Can you?

3. There were 6 boys at play; 3 of them were flying their kites, and the rest were rolling their hoops. How many were rolling their hoops ?

4. A pedlar had 6 plaster birds on a tray. 2 of them were painted yellow, 1 was painted red, and the rest were painted black. How many were painted black ?

5. A hunter shot 1 partridge, 3 quails, and ? pigeons. How many birds did he shoot in all ?

6. Julia picked 3 white roses, and 3 red ones. How many roses did she pick in all ? She gave 2

red roses and 1 white rose to her teacher, and 1 white rose to her friend Lydia. How many roses did she have then ?

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Seven hens. 7 hens. 7 hens.

7. The mark 7, or 7, is called the figure seven.

Seven.

7.

VII.

A. 1. 6 +1?

2.1 + 6?
3. 5 + 2?

4. 2 + 5?
5. 3 + 4?
6. 4 + 3?

7. 3 + 2 + 2?
8. 1+1+5?
9. 2 +1 +4?

B. 1. 4+*=7?

4. 2+1+*=7? 2. 2 +*=7?

5. 1+2+1+*=7? 3. 2+ 3+ *=7? 6. 2 + 2 + 2 + *=7? C. 1. 6 from 7? 3. 2 from 7 ? 5. 1 from 7 ?

2. 4 from 7 ? 4. 3 from 7 ? 6. 5 from 7 ?

D. 1. 7 less 3 ?

2. 7 less 1 ?

3. 7 less 2 ?
4. 7 less 6?

5. 7 less 5?
6. 7 less

1. Edward had 2 cents, but he afterwards found 5, and spent 3. How many did he have left?

2. If I should find 2 pears under one tree, 3 under another, and 1 under another, and then should eat 1 and give away 4, how many should I have left?

E. 3. A farmer had 7 gray hens, but he sold 2 of them, and a fox killed.l of them. How many did he have left? He afterwards sold 2 more, and bought 4 small white hens. How many hens did he then have ?

4. Alfred had a half-dime and 2 cents; but he exchanged the half-dime for its value in cents. How many cents did he then have? He was so unfortunate as to lose 3 of his cents, and he gave 3 more for a three-cent piece. How many cents did he then have?

5. 6 boys were at play together; 1 of them got hurt, and went home, and 2 were called away by their friends. How many remained ?

6. Martin found 2 apples under one tree, 3 under another, and these with what he had at first made 7. How many did he have at first ?

7. On counting up their games the boys found that they had played 2 games of - Ball,” ? of “ Marbles,” and enough of - Hide and Seek” to make up 7 games in all. How many games of 6. Hide and Seek” did they play?

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