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Judge. In the former capacity, it is his business to promote the glory of God by endeavouring to promote the true happiness of this Nation, and that of other nations as far as it depends on the conduct of this. In the latter, by an attentive examination of the case brought before him, and an impartial adherence to law, or, where law leaves him undirected, to substantial justice, in his decision.

In all public measures which have an evident bearing on the happiness of foreigners, regard is to be paid to those principles of juftice and benevolence which ought to be observed in tranfactions between individuals. In the eye of Christianity, all men are brethren ;

; in that of upright policy, nations are individuals to each other. The conscientious Legiflator will feel the same abhorrence of involving Great Britain in a war on any other grounds than those of indispensable felf-defence, or of affording stipulated protection to allies, or welcome succour to the oppressed, which would strike him at the idea of embruing his own hands, through self-interestedness, rancour, or revenge, in the blood of a fellow-subject. During the course of the most prosperous hostilities he will at all times be anxious for peace, on any terms which would afford a reasonable compensation for injuries received, and a reasonable prospect of future security. And if this country should be enabled, by the blessing of Providence on her arms, to reduce the enemy to submission, he will warn her to listen to the voice of Christian charity;

fellow

to do as she would be done by, to love her “ neighbour as herself,” and to relax, as far as prudence will permit, those rigid conditions which strict right may entitle her to impose, In the consideration of treaties of alliance with other

powers, he will steadily resist every clause which apparently may be the means of engaging his own country in the support of an unjust war, or in the prosecution of a just war to unreasonable extremities. In discussing treaties of commerce, he will not act for GreatBritain on the narrow principles of a tricking agent; but, conscious of his duty to do good to all mankind, he will recommend that mutual communication of advantages which may cement the friendship, and excite and reward the industry, of both the contracting 4

parties. parties. He will not promote trade at the expence of morality. He will not consent in behalf of his country to any proposed regulations, in consequence of perceiving that they would enable her to spread her manufactures by smuggling. In framing laws which relate to the distant possessions of Great Britain, he will consider himself as the common guardian of the mother country and of her dependencies; and bound to consult the welfare of all the inhabitants of the latter, whatever be the hue of their complexions.

In determining, on the grounds which have already been explained, the measures to which he shall direct his principal attention; he will be solicitous to include those in the number which are at once important in themselves, and not likely to be undertaken by others. Of this description are various political investigations, which are attended with much labour and little popularity. He will make it his object to obtain not only the redress of those grievances, and the reform of those abuses, which result from the operation of general principles ; but of those also which originate in the partial or perverted effect of a particular law. He will be guided, in the motions which he brings forward, by his opinion of

, their usefulness or necessity. He will regard the applause which he may receive, or the odium which he may incur, no further than as the one may contribute to promote, or the other to impede, his power of rendering future services to his country and to mankind. He will not shrink from proposing the restraint or the surrender even of one of the privileges of his own order, if its continuance in its prefent extent, or its continuance at all, appears in his opinion inconsistent with the public · good. Whatever measures he may suggest, he will accommodate them, as far as reason and the nature of the intended object will admit, to the sentiments of those on whose concurrence their success may depend; and will strive to frame his proceedings in such a manner as may ensure to him, if he should fail to attain the end which he principally desires, the accomplishment of that which is next to it in point of eligibility. He will not aim at tak, ing the lead where he can be of more essential ufe by giving subordinate assistance ; nor en

danger danger the reception of a plan by exposing it to the effect of prejudices, which might lie against himself as the introducer of it.

In appreciating the measures introduced by others, he will be actuated by motives no less pure and conscientious. He will warmly support such as he deems laudable and useful, and strenuously resist those of the contrary description, whether brought forward by Ministry or by their opponents, whether proceeding from a popular or from an unpopular side of the House. He will not suffer his conduct re. fpecting private Bills to be determined by personal favour and personal solicitation ; nor, if he is himself interested in the fate of the inclosure, the canal, or the turnpike road, will he resort to those improper modes of influence, or act on those selfish motives, which he would have disapproved, had he been an unconcerned spectator of the contest. He will not concur in augmenting the public revenue by means of laws which are oppressive or unfair in their operation. He will not fill the treasury (c) at the expence of national virtue. In

deciding

(c) On this ground Lotteries appear highly objection

able ;

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