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II. Let us now suppose the die cast; and consider the views Which will influence a conscientious man, when in the actual poffeffion

, of an efficient post in Administration.

For the sake of perspicuity it may be expedient to distribute the following reflections under different heads; and, after having employed the first of those heads in general observations, successively to appropriate the remainder to the duties of a Minister with respect to the exercise of patronage ; the transaction of official business; the choice of public measures to be brought forward ; and the conduct to be observed towards the Crown, towards Parliament, and towards Foreign Powers,

1. From the first moment of his occupying a station in the Executive Government, a good Minister will devote himself to a sedulous discharge of its duties. He will perceive that the Public has the same right to his exertionz which any other master has to those of

any other servant. He will therefore ask himself habitually what it would be reasonable for him


to expect, if the interests confided to him were absolutely his own,


agent whom he should entrust with the management and superintendance of them ; and will at the same time bear in mind, that public business would never proceed, if Ministers were not to give far more time and attention to it, than a private agent is ever found to bestow on the concerns committed to his care. To diligence he will add punctuality even in matters of comparatively small importance, as well as in those of superior magnitude. Unwilling to occasion disappointments, he will be cautious of exciting expectations; flow to make promises, he will be strict in fulfilling them. He will guard against falsehood, expressed or implied; against insincerity, in all its shapes and modifications. He will not strive to retain his friends or to conciliate his enemies by practising on their weaknesses, their credulity, their avarice, their fears, their vanity, or their pride. He will not encourage their failings or their vices to gain their support. But, while he discards artful condescension, he will cultivate ingenuous affability. He will be universally free from superciliousness, and shew himself


easy of access to the humblest of his fellowsubjects, with whom business may render it necelsary for him to have intercourse. He will be candid in attending to representations, patient in listening to complaints, free from irritability and peevishness under provocations. He will uniformly discountenance flattery, and every degree of servile compliance, whether in his immediate dependents, or in those who solicit his protection and favour. Conscious of the extensive influence of his example, he will endeavour, as far as may

be practicable, to regulate his conversation and actions with a view to the general encouragement of every thing that is good and laudable. He will not permit the affairs of State unne eessarily to detain him from the public offices of religion; nor select the Sabbath as the day for levees and entertainments. Aware of the baneful effects of progressive luxury, he will discover in his conduct a marked distinction between his ministerial and his personal capacity; and, if the former require an occasional degree of pomp and splendour, will exhibit in the latter simplicity and moderation. Uncorrupt himself, he will set his face against every mode of corruption in his dependents ; and will not connive at practices in them, in which he would deem it dishonest to be personally concerned. Proposing the good of his country as the leading object of his labours; and mindful of the express and folemn terms in which Revelation prohibits her votaries from pursuing the most valuable object by any other means than truth and virtue ; he will watch his own proceedings with un.. remitting jealousy, left in some unguarded moment present convenience, personal interest, private affection, or any other finister or reprehensible motive, should lead him unwarily to allow in himself, or in his subordinates, or to behold with indifference in his co-adjutors, a deviation from the paths of uprightness and sincerity. He will remember that criminal pliability, in addition to the guilt which is contracted by it, involves the ruin of his character. Let him not hope that his fault may rest unknown. The enemies of a Minister have eagles' eyes to discern their prey, and eagles' talons to tear it in pieces. He will remember, that in the whole catalogue of vices there is scarcely one more encroaching than

political political corruption. It is a disease which

. makes its advances with fuch unsuspected rapidity, that, almost before it attracts notice, it has seized the vitals. What has been once done, pleads precedent; and a former transgression often seems to require a second to vindicate it. The only antidote by which a Minister can fecure himself from the contagion, is the habit, formed betimes and resolutely maintained, of deciding at once on every cafe on the stable ground of rectitude; without exposing the bulwarks of his integrity to the risk of being undermined, while he is holding parley with expediency.

While he shuns the shoals and quicksands in which the young Statesman is frequently entangled by an immoderate love of fame; he will steer aloof from a rock no less dangerous to old Politicians, a contempt of popular opinion. Knowing himself to be in some meafure precluded, like a King, from bearing uniformly the voice of truth, he will endeavour to obtain at least one faithful and intelligent friend, who will point out his failings with kind but impartial sincerity; and keep him


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