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on his guard against being seduced by the incessant temptations attendant on office, or the conduct of inconsiderate and prejudiced colleagues. He will carefully weigh the imputations cast upon him by his political enemies, , and avail himself of their malevolence as a remedy, however bitter and acrimonious, against the fascination of self-love, and the delusions produced by an increasing fondness for

power. And though he should find, as he probably will find, that his conduct is perpetually misunderstood or misrepresented, and that to clear up misconceptions is almost as difficult a task as to prevent them; yet let him not be seduced by those circumstances to be in a single instance less scrupulous either in point of diligence or of rectitude, nor carelessly to omit to take proper methods for the purpose of obviating such mistaken ideas of his motives and proceedings as are on any account worthy of notice.

2. Asliduous in fortifying every inlet of danger, while he practises universal courtesy, he will divest himself of that obsequious facility of temper which is incapable of giving a 6

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denial. He will labour to arm his mind with inflexible constancy. While he is guarding against inordinate self-esteem, and want of sympathy for disappointment and distress, the common effects of power long enjoyed; he will be equally on the watch against indulging an extravagant partiality for his relations, friends, and favourites; and will not decorate them with unmerited titles, nor load them with pensions, offices, and reversions. In the disposal of honours and emoluments, the good of his country will be his ruling motive. That principle he will openly and uniformly avow ; and will be anxious to exempt himself by all reasonable precautions from the suspicion of being influenced by the sinister allurements of ministerial or private convenience. There are few methods by which a Statesinan can render more effential service to the community than by a judicious exercise of his patronage. Consistent fimplicity of conduct in this point, manifestly combined with personal disinterestedness, will not only secure to himself national confidence and esteem, and conciliate to his measures that general favour and approbation, which

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in the hands of an upright Minister become the means of accomplishing the noblest and most beneficial designs; will not only contribute to excite every subordinate officer to a diligent and faithful discharge of his duty ; but will tend to revive and invigorate public spirit in every quarter of the kingdom; to call forth an emulation in virtue ; to diffuse an ardour of patriotism, which spreading through every class of the community, every department of the State, every branch of the public service, will produce effects truly great and glorious. There are likewise other advantages resulting from a steady adherence to this principle, of which he will himself reap

the peculiar and immediate comfort. He will thus preclude his supporters, as far as it is possible to preclude them, from every ostensible plea for taking offence when their requests, improper in themselves, or unfit to be granted under existing circumstances, are refused; and deter them from preferring numberless claims, the rejection of which would have drawn upon him the resentment, and perhaps the active opposition, of disappointed pride. If his situation enables him in fome measure to

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guide the Crown in conferring the dignity of Peerage, he will recollect that in bestowing a title on an individual he gives a Legislator to his country. In distributing ecclesiastical promotions he will consult the welfare of religion. In the nomination of the commanders of fleets and armies, he will have regard to personal merit, not to parliamentary connections. He will not affign the office of conducting an expedition across the ocean to a Member of the Upper or of the Lower House, either for the mere purpose of gaining over, or of removing, a troublesome opponent. If those whom he appoints should be guilty of peculation, scandalous neglect, or other criminal proceedings; he will not strive to shelter them from enquiry and from punishment, either, on the one hand, in consequence of being attached to them as his own friends and supporters; or of foreseeing on the other, if their relatives and connections are adverse to him in politics, that his acquiescence in the scrutiny and the chastisement will be clamorously ascribed to a desire of wreaking vengeance on his opposers. If through events, which they could not control, they should fail of success in their

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VOL. I.

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professional efforts, he will not screen himfelf by making them the unjust victims of public indignation. In filling up inferior official situations, and in recommending persons to his Sovereign, when the post which he occupies authorises such a liep, to be placed at the head of high executive departments; he will scrupulously make choice of men, whofe abilities and attainments are suited to the functions which they will have to discharge. He will be cautious in his appointment of public servants abroad, not merely in proportion as the trust committed to them is important, but in proportion likewise as their removal from inspection renders the detection of misconduct more difficult; and thus contributes to exempt them fròm the restraint of conscious responsibility. Shunning the example of France in the days of her ancient Government, when the constructed with stupendous magnificence the highways which connected her populous cities, and abandoned the meaner and less frequented roads to impassable ruin; he will be no less constantly guarded in his nomination to offices in obscure corners of the realm, and in distant colonies, than to those which are

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