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exposed to daily observation. He will seek, he will encourage, and he will reward merit, in whatever line it may be found, and in whatever situation it is employed. Instead of indiscriminately committing to Members of Parliament who support him, the nomination to public offices in his disposal which become vacant in their respective boroughs; he will not hesitate to give a denial, when the person recommended is obviously unfit for the employment; and in doubtful cases will endeavour to procure impartial and satisfactory information. He will not grasp at the patronage allotted to his colleagues ; nor, while he converts to its destined purpose that which the Constitution and established usage have annexed to the post which he fills, will he attempt to. extend it by creating unnecessary offices ; nor will he feel himself excused by the selfish example of his predeceffors, from abolishing such as he finds existing.
3. The same spirit of impartiality, the same attention to the general welfare, will direct him in executing the business of his office, and in fuperintending the proceedings of his
deputies and assistants. In his transactions one behalf of Government with private individuals, if loans or contracts are to be settled, he will close with such of the competitors, provided they are likely to fulfil their engagements, as offer terms the most advantageous to the Public.
If claims are to be balanced, difficulties removed, or disputes determined, he will diftribute equal justice to every person concerned, whether enrolled in the list of his adherents, or attached to the bitterest enemies of his admi. nistration. He will abstain himself, and endeavour to make his subordinates abstain, from thwarting by studied obstructions, from irritating by petulance and peevishness, and from wearying by needless or artificial delays, those who happen to be connected with an obnoxious party. In executing the various duties of his department, he will pursue a course of strict regularity and method. He will not neglect to enter closely into details ; nor let the various returns made to his office remain unexamined like (5) waste paper. He will not suffer business to accumulate by procrastination; nor content himself with dispatching those affairs which will not allow of delay; and permit matters ultimately perhaps of greater moment to the country to be postponed from time to time, until at length the mass swells to such a size as to deter him from inspecting it. He will not excite a spirit of dissatisfaction in individuals, or in bodies of men, by lighting applications or memorials addressed to him in his official capacity, and worthy from their nature of serious and speedy regard. While he provides adequate salaries for those efficient men on whom the drudgery
(6) The bad consequences which may result from want of forethought, method, and attention to detail, in Minifters of State, and in great Executive Boards, are extreme,
especially especially in time of war. If it should happen, for example, at any period, that care and prudence are not exerted by the Admiralty in the disposition of the naval force of the kingdom ; if, for want of attention in examining returns, journals, and other documents, ships are suffered to waste their time in port; if, for want of a proper arrangement of the ships, important services are neglected, and our trade is exposed to the enemy; if, through fimilar causes, an hundred vefsels are requisite to do what by better management fifty might have done ; it is evident that Great Britain must carry on a war at an enormous unnecessary, expence, and in every respect to very great disadvantage. The same reasoning may be applied, with some obvious alterations, to the other high official departments.
of official labour is devolved; he will punish frauds, reform abuses, and retrench extravagant fees. He will be vigilant to the utmost of his power in taking fit measures to prevent the grievous injuries which the public may fuftain, both in a pecuniary light and in other ree spects, by dishonesty on the part of thofe who are to provide the requisite quantity, or to decide on the quality, of stores designed for national uses; whether provisions for the feet and army, masts and other timber for the navy, cannon and other articles in the ordnance line, or whatever else is to be expended for the service of the community at home or abroad. He will put an end to such forms and usages in transacting business, as he discovers to be detrimental to the public, whatever temporary advantage he might be likely to derive from their continuance. And he will make a cautious and sparing use of any power annexed to his situation (c), the exercise of which, however expedient under particular circumstances, is in its own nature injurious to the comfort of individuals, or at
(c) As the right of detaining and opening letters, and other similar powers.
variance with the free spirit of the British laws.
In the expenditure of public money entrusted to his care he will be honest, punctual, and oeconomical ; and will be expeditious in delivering, as well as fair in drawing up,
He will appropriate the several sums to the particular articles to which they have been specifically allotted by parliamentary resolutions: or if sudden emergences and unforeseen wants - shall compel him to apportion them according to a different rule, or even to divert a part into other channels of service, he will accurately state to the Public the deviation, and the cause of it, and throw himself implicitly upon the national candour and judgement. He will not suffer public money to be improperly detained by the receivers or other officers employed in collecting it, even though they should be men of considerable rank and influence, and engaged to himself by personal or political connection.
He will not expend what was raised for the general benefit of the community in private jobs for the emolument of himself and his adherents; nor in fapping the foundations of national independence,