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sistently ; and not, as is the practice of ignorant, Nothful, and unprincipled Ministers, by feeble and timid expedients. And finally, he will never be deterred from laying the foundations of an useful plan, by foreseeing that in all probability he may be dismissed from oslice before half the superstructure is erected; and the credit of the whole fabric be transferred to his successor, and perhaps his enemy, who shall complete it.

5. A good Minister will not forget the temptations, to which the experience of different ages and countries proves that he will be exposed, of conceiving himself leagued on the side of the Crown against the People; and interested to extend beyond its due limits that prerogative of which he reaps the immediate advantage. After purifying his own mind from those pernicious errors, his next anxiety will be to erase any corresponding impressions which may have been made on the breast of the Sovereign. He will behave to his master with respect, but without fervility. He will communicate with him as freely as prudence will possibly permit on all public affairs; but while he renounces every attempt or wish to

cripple cripple him in the proper exercise of his coti

ftitutional powers, he will not tamely comply 1 with the inclinations of the King in opposition

to his own conviction. He will remember that his country

looks
upon

him as the author of the counsels of the Crown; and, whatever be the proceeding, pronounces him responsible. Far from exasperating the Royal bosom against the opposers of the measures of Government, he will studiously seek to allay every degree of unjust irritation which their conduct may have excited; and, instead of aggravating the cause of offence by secret and calumniating misrepresentations, will liberally give them the credit and the praise, wherever it appears to be deserved, of acting from upright, though erroneous motives; and where the motive cannot be clearly investigated, will point to the side of charitable conjecture. He will consider himself bound to act towards his master the part of a judicious friend, in giving him faithful and unreserved advice on all matters in which he con. ceives that his interpofition, though not ftri&tly required by official duty, will conduce to the welfare of the country at the head of whose affairs he is placed. Conscious that Kings seldom hear the voice of truth, and are ex

posed

posed by their situation, however pure their intentions may be, to peculiar and numberless disadvantages; he will regard himself as under a general obligation to remove, if he may be permitted to remove, the veil of prejudice and delusion; and to exert whatever influence he may have acquired over the Sovereign in inspiring him with patriotic desires, and kindling in his breast a predilection and zeal for the promotion of civilization, liberty, justice, and religion, at home and abroad.

6. In Parliament a Minister ought to be armed with that calmness of temper, the result of sober reflection and conscious innocence, which may enable him to bear with composure the provocations which he must expect to experience. He will habituate himself to distinguish, whenever an opportunity presents itself, between such of his opponents as encounter him, though systematically, from upright motives; and such as are actuated by views of self-intereft, or the impulse of factious resentment, He will not charge the latter with their fault; but will avow his opinion of the former. He will invariably resist that destructive enemy

of

a

of good government, of public and private virtue, the spirit of party. Yet, in the midst of his most vigorous efforts, he will proceed with that circumspection and wariness which are necessary in the attack of a foe so strongly intrenched; of an usurper who has imposed his authority on innumerable adherents, and feems even to have established his throne in their hearts. He will not harbour unreasons able suspicions against neutral Members of Pare liament; nor hesitate to cherish independence, by publicly afcribing to their intentions and conduct the credit which they appear to deferve. Much less will he afford room for his fupporters to conclude, that he feels gratified when they seize fome favourable 'initant of giving vent to their treasured inveteracy against those, who profess to be unconnected with either side. In sustaining the assaults of his antagonists, he will preserve a due medium between the impenetrable silence of disdain, and the foreness of distempered sensibility. la detecting inconclusive arguments, in repelling unfounded imputations, he will not allow himfelf the base satisfaction of unjust or acrimonious retorts on his opponents. Anxious, by the accomplishment of his plans, to promote the public good, he will be cautious not to lessen his chance of success by exasperating his adversaries to unremitting and virulent resistance, for the sake of gratifying his vanity by a short-lived triumph, or indulging the angry feelings of the moment in a sharp reply. He will remember that nothing is so irritating as affected contempt. He will remember that consistent simplicity and frankness, combined with approved disinterestedness and ability, with the aid of an unruffled temper and conciliating manners, will charm down even the rage of Party. Nor will he forget that the time may come, and perhaps ere long, when the welfare of his country may indispensably require him to unite with some of those

very men, who are now drawn up in array against him. He will therefore beware left by his indiscretion he thould make the breach so wide, that the resentment of the individuals concerned will render it almost irreparable ; or that the public feelings will revolt at the idea of its being closed, and prevent him from ever being able to convince the Nation that the union could be dictated by virtuous principles.

S

He

VOL. I.

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