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vacated to his daughter on her marriage in 1889. He, however, continued to keep his country house at Upminster, and interested himself warmly in the welfare of the parish. He was instrumental in forming a social club and reading room, and he also established the Upminster Habitation of the Primrose League, of which he became Ruling Councillor. He was a Knight of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. Mr. Palmer's only child, wife of Mr. R. F. Crawley, died in 1891. He was buried at North Ockendon Church on 17th September, his brothers, Mr. Villiers and Mr. Ralph Palmer, his son-in-law and grand-daughter being the chief mourners present.

Death of
Mr. Edward Kensit
Norman, J.P.

Mr. Edward Kensit Norman, eldest son of
Canon Norman, J.P., of Mistley, died on
Saturday, September 20, at Mistley Lodge.
The deceased gentleman had been ill for only


a few days. He was born in 1855, and his early removal has caused widespread regret. Mr. Norman was well known throughout the county as a useful public man, and only about two years ago served the office of Sheriff of Essex withconspicuous ability. A year or two before, he was made a Deputy Lieutenant. In local matters too, he had always taken a prominent part, and for some time was Chairman of the Mistley Parish Council. As a magistrate he was most assiduous in his atten


tion to all matters of a judicial capacity, and he was DeputyChairman of the Mistley Bench. Mr. Norman was an ardent sportsman, and he took an active and lively interest in the

doings and welfare of the Manningtree detachment of the 2nd V.B. Essex Regiment. He married a daughter of the late Colonel Sir Samuel B. Ruggles Brise, and leaves two sons and a daughter. The elder son, Mr. E. B. Norman, recently attained his majority.

The funeral took place on September 25, at Mistley. The remains had been previously cremated at Woking, the deceased being a member of the Cremation Society. The ashes were placed in the family vault of the "Old Towers,” in the presence of a very large crowd. The mausoleum at the " Old Towers" is the resting place of the late Mr. Edward Norman, of Mistley Place, who died in 1862, and of Mr. and Mrs. Kensit, father and mother of the present Mrs. Norman, of Mistley Place. By the specially expressed desire of the deceased, there was no music of any kind at the funeral.

We have to record also the death of the Rev. Thomas William Herbert, the aged Vicar of Southend, after a residence there of forty-one years; of the Rev. Henry Farrow, Vicar of Harlow since 1885, and of the Rev. Hubert Mornington Patch, Vicar of Coggeshall from 1885 to 1891, when he accepted a charge in London, and did excellent work among the factory women in the parish of St. Mary, Charterhouse. Both the lastnamed clergymen had done much to beautify and restore the churches which had been entrusted to their charge. A memorial service was held at St. Peter-ad-Vincula, Coggeshall, on September 20th, at the time of Mr. Patch's interment at Torquay. Mr. Farrow was a member of the Epping Board of Guardians.


St. Edmund's Way (E.R. xi. 182).—Mr. Hastings Worrin's note is a welcome contribution to our knowledge of the route followed by those who bore the body of St. Edmund from London to St. Edmund's Bury in A.D. 1013. Though the latest chronicler, the Rev. J. B. Mackinlay, O.S.B. (St. Edmund, 1893), states that the monk Ailwin "chose as his route the ancient way that runs from London by Chipping Ongar, Chelmsford, Braintree, and Clare," it appears to be more likely

that he followed the old road by Chigwell and Abridge, crossing the river Roding at the latter place, thence to Stanford Rivers (a place of some importance) and by a road, now in part a foot path, to Greensted, not touching Ongar which was probably a very insignificant settlement till later days.

At Greensted the Saint's body is said to have "remained for some days, in order to satisfy the devotion of the faithful.”

From Greensted to Fyfield and thence by the "Old Suffolk Way," through the Roothings to Dunmow, Great Bardfield, Finchingfield, Stambourne, and Clare, would be more direct than the journey suggested by the Rev. J. B. Mckinlay.

Doubtless if Dunmow were touched at all it would have been one of the resting places, and the body would have remained there long enough, and created sufficient excitement, to give the road by which it travelled the name of St. Edmund's Way.


St. Edmund's Way (E.R. xi.-182).-Since writing my note upon the field formerly called St. Edmund's Way and now St. Tedmund's Way, Mr. S. Luckin, of Dunmow, has suggested to me that the road near it now called Dedman's lane was probably once Tedman's lane. Some distance on the road, at Lindsell, is a small spring called Dedman's Bush which may have got its name in the same way

HASTINGS WORRIN, Little Dunmow. Dunmow Pound. The large brick (manorial) Pound which stood by the side of the Stortford Road near Dunmow Folly has been pulled down.


Dunmow Flitch of Bacon.'-The sign of the Flitch of Bacon public-house at Little Dunmow has recently been repainted with a copy of the sign on the cover of Harrison Ainsworth's novel The Flitch of Bacon; or the Custom of Dunmow ; in the centre is a side of bacon and the following words: Painted in gold, ye Flitch behold

Of famed Dunmow ye boast,

Then here should call, fond couples all,

An pledge it in a toast.

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*The older road northwards crossed at Aoridge, the present Ongar road between Abridge and Passingford is modern.

Rolls of the Court Baron of Rayleigh.-After writing my note concerning the custody of these Manor Rolls, I was informed by Mr. Fitch that they were in the possession of our mutual friend, Mr. John C. Freeman, who purchased the rights, and he at once kindly gave me access to all the records in his possession. The "two large volumes of Rolls" inspected by Mr. King in 1880, are not, however, among the records handed over; nor can the son of the previous Lord of the Manor, who is now deceased, tell me where they are, although he well remembers them at his father's house. These volumes are probably transcripts of the early enrolments, the originals of which, probably, have nearly all been lost, although a few yet remain in Mr. Freeman's possession; these, through his courtesy, I have carefully examined.


Ague in Essex.-I have read with interest an article on vanishing Essex villages in the Essex Review for July of this year. The writer, Percy Clarke, B.A., has entirely omitted, as not of necessity illustrating his subject, any mention of the ague very general in the parishes of Fobbing, Corringham, Mucking, Tilbury, and adjoining districts. I speak from personal knowledge. About forty-seven years ago (1854) I was curate of the parish of Laindon, and was well acquainted with the beneficed clergy and their curates of the above-mentioned parishes, and I can testify, that after a year's residence, ague was the cause of more than one of them resigning their livings, particularly in Fobbing and Corringham. Of course the building of sea walls, and superior systems of drainage of the marshy lands and inland creeks of mud and salt water on the Essex side of the river Thames, may in some more favoured localities, have partly modified the fever of which I complain. But I have a lively remembrance of the ague and its evils, for I, more than once I believe, had narrowly escaped from its constantly recurring and weakening effects even on the strongest constitutions. The usual remedy prescribed by our medical advisers was frequent doses of Quinine or Jesuits Bark and, when obtainable, some forty year old Port wine. But one cure suggested was to swallow a tablespoonful of gunpowder, and immediately after to take violent exercise, i.e., run a few miles and so get into a complete perspiration. One person to whom I related this

gunpowder cure, rather ridiculed it, and suggested that undoubtedly the most complete remedy for the ague, would be to fill one's mouth with gunpowder and then set a lighted match It was customary in my Essex days, to avoid going out of doors after sunset, for an hour or so; and windows used to be closed about that period of the evening, to keep out the aguish miasma as it arose after sun-down from the undrained marshy creeks and lands surrounding the parish of Fobbing and its contiguous villages.


Great Storm at Chelmsford in July, 1565.—I have just across the following passage in Stow's Annales (1615,


p. 658):

The 16 of July [1565], about nine of the clocke at night, began a tempest of lightning and thunder, with showers of haile, which continued till three of the clocke the next morning, so terrible that, at Chelmsford, in Essex, 500 acres of corne were destroyed; the glasse windowes on the east side of the town, and of the west and south sides of the Church, were beaten downe, with also the tiles of their houses; beside diverse barnes, chimneies, and the battelmente of the church, which were overthrowne. The like harme was done in many other places.

This reads much as though it were a description of the memorable and disastrous mid-Essex storm of June 24th, 1900, and suggests that the latter is by no means without parallel in history.

MILLER CHRISTY, Pryors, Broomfield, Chelmsford. Disney Museum.-A further reference to this famous collection is contained in "The Connoisseur" for September, in an article entitled "Some Examples of Greek Sculpture in the Collection of Dr. Philip Nelson"; while the Bust of Athene, one of the choicest specimens of Grecian art, is figured on p. 21. An engraving of this appeared in the Museum Disneianum; and this treasure was retained by Mr. Disney, being subsequeutly sold, after his death, at Ingatestone in 1885, passing later into the possession of Dr. Nelson, who thus mentions it in "The Connoisseur :

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The next piece to be described is a head of Athene, in Parian marble, also derived from a bronze original of the fifth century, B.C. It was brought from Italy by Lloyd in 1761, and passed successively through the hands of Thomas Hollis and John Disney. It was illustrated by the latter in his work Museum Disneianum, forming Plate I. in that book, and being justly entitled to this position, since it was the gem of his collection. When Disney, in 1850, presented

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