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SENATE JOINT RESOLNTION No. 41.
Resolved, by the Senate of the State of Illinois, the House of Representatives concurring therein, That when the two Houses adjourn on Saturday, June 19, 1915, a recess be taken until 12:00 noon, on Wednesday, June 30th, 1915, for the purpose of considering only messages from the Governor on bills passed by the General Assembly, and that when the General Assembly adjourn on June 30th, 1915, it stand adjourned sine die.
Further Resolved, That on June 18, 1915, all bills on the order of first or second reading on the calendars of either house or in committees lie on the table.
Mr. Keller offered the following resolution, and on his motion the rules were suspended and the resolution was taken up for consideration:
SENATE RESOLUTION No. 73.
WHEREAS, Innumerable claims have been presented against the State of Illinois on the part of employees because of accidents of various character which have occurred to such employees; and
WHEREAS, The payment of such claims on the part of the State has extended into very large sums of money, increasing almost 50 per cent within the last two years in demands for relief because of the condition herein stated, and unless some remedy is afforded to overcome these constantly increasing demands, the claims are undoubtedly likely to reach unlimited proportions.
Therefore, be it resolved, by the Senate of the State of Illinois, That it is the sense of the 49th General Assembly that the employees of this State should carry insurance policies to indemnify them in case of accident and disability therefor, which security would not only redound to the benefit of the State of Illinois but would be in the interest of the various employees and their dependents.
Further Resolved, That the heads of all departments under the State government are hereby requested and directed to urge and, if possible, to make compulsory on the part of those in their employ, the obtaining on the part of such employees of policies of insurance against accident and that the heads of the respective departments in the State government establish a rule for the purposes of enforcing the intent of this Resolution.
Mr. Jewell offered the following amendment:
Be it further resolved, That no claim for damage shall hereafter be paid by the State in the event that said claimant is insured in accordance with this Resolution.
Mr. Swanson moved that the amendment lie on the table, which motion was decided in the negative.
The question then being, "Shall the amendment be adopted?” it was decided in the affirmative.
The question then being, "Shall the resolution, as amended, be adopted ?" it was decided in the affirmative.
Mr. Manny, from the Efficiency and Economy Committee created by the Forty-eighth General Assembly, made the following report:
To the Forty-ninth General Assembly:
PRESENT ORGANIZATION OF STATE GOVERNMENT.
The Constitution of Illinois provides for three main departments of State government-legislative, executive and judicial. The judicial powers are vested in an organized series of courts created by the Constitution and by statutes. The legislative power is vested in a General Assembly, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives, elected by the people, whose acts are subject to a limited power of veto by the Governor.
Executive Department consists of a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor of Public Accounts, Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction and Attorney General, provided for by the Constitution and elected by popular vote; and of more than a hundred other State offices, boards and commissions, created by statute, and in most cases appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The number of State offices, boards and commissions has been rapidly increasing; and every session of the General Assembly sees the origin of new authorities. Less than a fourth of those now in existence were establishes before 1870; and more than a third of the present number have been created during the last decade. These executive departments, offices and institutions now employ about 6,000 persons and expend annually about $19,000,000.
Along with this increase in State authorities has been an equally significant increase in appropriations and expenditures. From 1909 to 1913, 34 new State agencies were created. In the same period the biennial appropriations increased from $19,857,576 to $37,915,417.
Illinois Industrial University (University of Illinois).
State Board of Equalization.
Commissioners of the State Library.
1869 State Board of Public Charities-1909.
Southern Hospital for the Insane.2
West Chicago Park Commissioners.
1871 Railroad and Warehouse Commission-1913.
Chief Grain Inspector.
1872 State Board of Agriculture.
State Canvassing Board.
Soldiers' Monument Committee (Mound City).3 1874 Printer Expert.
Commissioners of State Contracts.
Commission of Claims-1889.
1 This list does not include a considerable number of minor and temporary boards and commisssions created from time to time.
2 Now under the Board of Administration.
Commission on Uniformity of Legislation.
State Fire Marshal.
Barbers' Examining Board.
Library Extension Commission.
Chief Inspector of Private Employment Agencies.
Vicksburg Military Park Committee."
1910 Mine Rescue Station Commission. 1911 Board of Fish Commissioners-1913.
Rivers and Lakes Commission.
State Inspector of Apiaries.
Kenesaw Mountain Monument Committee.3
General Michael Kelly Lawler Monument Committee.❜
1913 Public Utilities Commission.*
State Highway Commission.
Game and Fish Conservation Commission."
Miners' and Mechanics' Institutes.
Miners' Examining Board.
Illinois Centennial Commission.
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE.
The organization and functions of these executive officials are for the most part controlled by the General Assembly. It is true that the general powers of the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor are defined in the Constitution; but many specific powers of the Governor, and the scope of his authority over other officers is determined to a large extent by the General Assembly; and his direct control over the administration is less than is often supposed. The primary functions of the other elective constitutional officers are suggested by their titles but their powers and duties are for the most part defined by statute; and under existing laws their authority is in some respects less than is indicated by their titles; while in other respects they have powers not directly related to their primary functions.
Over the offices, boards and commissions created by statute, the General Assembly has full authority. In practice, in the confusion of legislative sessions, new boards and offices have usually been created with little reference to previously existing authorities, either as to forms of organization or the scope of their powers. Most of them are substantially independent of each other, and are subject to no control, except the nominal supervision of the Governor, through his powers of appointment and removal. The constitutional officers and some of those created by statute are not even subject to this nominal supervision.
As a result of these conditions the executive authorities of the State lack any semblance of systematic organization. At the same time the numerous list of State officials covers a wide, varied and ever increasing range of
4 This took over the work of the Railroad and Warehouse Commission.
This consolidated the work of Fish Commission and Game Commissioner.
activities; and are constantly touching the life of the community at more and more points. That these offices, boards and commissions should be efficiently and economically organized and conducted is of the highest importance to the State.
CREATION OF THE COMMITTEE.
In his inaugural address, Governor Dunne recommended "the appointment of a joint committee of both houses of the Legislature to examine into the condition of the public institutions of the State, and to confer with the Board of Administration to ascertain if it is not possible to reduce the expenditures of the same without impairing the efficiency of these institutions."
Subsequently, resolutions were introduced in the Forty-eighth General Assembly by Senators Hurburgh, Denvir, Keller, Tossey, and Jones, to provide for an investigation of State offices, boards and institutions; and a similar resolution had been introduced by Senator Hurburgh in the previous General Assembly.
By Senate Joint Resolution No. 22, the Forty-eighth General Assembly directed an investigation of the State boards, commissions and bureaus, in order to determine whether greater efficiency and economy could be secured by a reorganization and consolidation of administrative machinery. This resolution provided as follows:
WHEREAS, The General Assembly of the State of Illinois has from time to time created various commissions, boards and bureaus and other additions to the State Government; and,
WHEREAS, The duties of these various commissions, boards and bureaus in many cases overlap and conflict, one with another; and,
WHEREAS, The duties of these various commissions, boards and bureaus, etc., can in many instances be more efficiently and more economically performed by combining these various departments and abolishing those which are an unnecessary drain on the public treasury; and,
WHEREAS, Owing to the marvelous growth of our State in all the departments of its government a thorough reorganization with a view to greater efficiency and greater economy is demanded; now, therefore, be it
Resolved, By the Senate of the State of Illinois, the House of Representatives concurring therein, That a joint committee of eight (8) be appointed composed of four (4) Senators and four (4) Representatives, who shall have full power and authority to investigate all departments of the State government, including all boards, bureaus and commissions which have been created by the General Assembly, such investigations to be made with a view of securing a more perfect system of accounting, combining and centralizing the duties of the various departments, abolishing such as are useless and securing for the State of Illinois such reorganization that will promote greater efficiency and greater economy in her various branches of government;
Resolved, That the Committee shall have whole power and authority to subpoena witnesses and to examine and compel the production of books, papers and documents;
Resolved, That the committee shall have full authority to employ expert accountants, attorneys, stenographers and other assistants necessary to carry on their investigations and make their report;
Resolved, That the expenses of said committee and employees shall be paid out of any appropriation made therefor by the General Assembly upon voucher properly drawn upon the Auditor of Public Accounts, properly itemized and signed and approved by the chairman and secretary of the joint committee. The committee shall conduct its investigations and report its findings and make its recommendations, together with such bill or bills that it may deem proper to submit to the Forty-ninth General Assembly of the State of Illinois.
The Forty-eighth General Assembly also, by Item 68 of House Bill 895, appropriated for the expenses of the committee appointed under Senate Joint Resolution No. 22, the sum of $40,000.
The committee appointed consisted of Senators Walter I. Manny, of Mt. Sterling; W. Duff Piercy, of Mt. Vernon; Logan Hay, of Springfield; and Charles F. Hurburgh, of Galesburg; and of Representatives, Speaker William