LAST FRONTIERS OF THE MIND: CHALLENGES OF THE DIGITAL AGE

Εξώφυλλο
PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 1 Ιαν 2005 - 440 σελίδες
In this original and brilliantly written book, Mohandas Moses has embarked on a daring theme-the challenge of artificial intelligence to the human mind and human creativity. The mind, he says, is the greatest invention in the universe; it has created the greatest works of art and science: its dimensions and potential are yet to be fathomed. But now the marvellous human mind stands challenged by the machine. To illustrate the central theme of his book, the author has brought together the views of a galaxy of eminent philosophers, cognitive scientists and neuroscientists who have explored the phenomenon and evolution of the human mind and consciousness, and the growth of Artificial Intelligence. The author describes the contribution made by the 'Artificial Intelligentsia', the human-computer interaction, and emphasizes the formidable power of the machine mind to usurp the grandeur of the human mind. He has described the manner in which memory, language, creativity, mathematics, teaching-learning and chess-playing could be altered by the digital culture. He says that 'the question we need to ask ourselves as thinking men is-would we like to sense sensations, experience experiences and think thoughts with under-standing as human beings should or are our personas to be blue matched to the template of the machine mind?' With erudition and wry humour the author takes the reader on a fascinating journey of exploration. Written with brilliance and clarity, there is freshness in his perspective and a lucid presentation of ideas. This book will be of great interest as much to academics, experts on artificial intelligence, as to the general reader who wishes to know about the challenges to the human intellect and creativity in the digital age.

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Περιεχόμενα

Cargo Pants in the Brain
3
Methods of Study of Cognitive Sciences
9
Brain Looks at Mind
15
The Language of the Brain
25
Neuroscientists Look at BrainMind
39
Evolution of BrainMind
50
Time Looks at Mind
65
Mind Looks at Mind
74
Computer and Surrogate Memory
233
Computer and Education
240
Computer and ReadingWriting
249
The Future of Books and Libraries in the Digital Age
272
Computer and Feel for Numbers
279
Chess and Computer
290
Aesthetics and Calligraphy in the Digital Age
301
Flavour of the Digital
306

Teilhard de Chardins Views on the Future of Mind
87
Cognitive Sciences and Metaphysics
97
Philosophy of the Mind
111
Darwin Mendel and the 1 Genetic Difference
119
The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral
131
Views from the Martello Tower
138
The Prophets and Visionaries of the Digital Age
157
The Architecture of the Machine Mind
166
The Artificial Intelligentsia
183
The Symbiotic Age
189
The Drive of Technology
200
Computer Invasion
216
Reclaiming the Human Mind
220
Lord Macaulay Tim LeeBerners and Language Death
223
The World of Computer Tycoons
307
Values of the Digital Age
319
The Individual and Creativity
323
Is Man the Measure of All Things or Is He Just a Chimpanzee Putting on Airs
325
The Individual is an Embarrassment for Science
337
The Genius Type
344
The Wellsprings of Creativity
356
Challenge to Creativity
367
The Importance of the Individual
386
Forecasts and Prescriptions for the Future
391
Summary
402
Last Frontiers of the Mind
403
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Σελίδα 106 - For my part, when I enter most intimately into what I call myself, I always stumble on some particular perception or other, of heat or cold, light or shade, love or hatred, pain or pleasure. I never can catch myself at any time without a perception, and never can observe anything but the perception.
Σελίδα 362 - Not until a machine can write a sonnet or compose a concerto because of thoughts and emotions felt, and not by the chance fall of symbols, could we agree that machine equals brain — that is, not only write it but know that it had written it. No mechanism could feel (and not merely ; artificially signal, an easy contrivance) pleasure at its successes, grief when its valves fuse, be warmed by flattery, be made miserable by its mistakes, be charmed by sex, be angry or depressed when it cannot get...
Σελίδα 159 - Asimov's three laws of robotics which have stood the test of time, and once again back up a novelette to be remembered. The Three Laws of Robotics 1 . A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. 2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. 3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Σελίδα 377 - It may partly or exclusively operate upon the experience of the man himself ; but, the more perfect the artist, the more completely separate in him will be the man who suffers and the mind which creates...
Σελίδα 356 - The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep.
Σελίδα 377 - A miracle is a violation of the laws of nature ; and as a firm and unalterable experience has established j these laws, the proof against a miracle, from the very nature of the fact, is as entire as any argument from experience can possibly be imagined.
Σελίδα 119 - If then, said I, the question is put to me would I rather have a miserable ape for a grandfather or a man highly endowed by nature and possessed of great means and influence and yet who employs those faculties and that influence for the mere purpose of introducing ridicule into a grave scientific discussion — I unhesitatingly affirm my preference for the ape.
Σελίδα 247 - Philosophy, and the epitome of all Laboratories and Observatories with their results, in his single head, — is but a Pair of Spectacles behind which there is no Eye.
Σελίδα 139 - Consciousness, then, does not appear to itself chopped up in bits. Such words as "chain" or "train" do not describe it fitly as it presents itself in the first instance. It is nothing jointed; it flows. A "river" or a "stream" are the metaphors by which it is most naturally described.
Σελίδα 356 - new" comes into being: One natural question often raised is: How do we ever get new verbal creations such as a poem or a brilliant essay? The answer is that we get them by manipulating words, shifting them about until a new pattern is hit upon.

Σχετικά με τον συγγραφέα (2005)

A. MOHANDAS MOSES was a Renaissance man. As a dedicated and courageous civil servant he built dams and power houses, ensured steady food supply throughout the country during the great drought of 1987, led a dangerous relief mission to Jaffna, and as Advisor to the Governor of Jammu-Kashmir risked his life daily promoting development work and restored Buddhist gomphas. He was also a man of deep intellectual interests who read and wrote on a variety of subjects. As Secretary in the Ministry of Welfare, Government of India and as Advisor in J&K he was closely involved with the rehabilitation of people with brain and spinal injuries. His sensitivity to their plight aroused his interest in the body-brain-mind relationship. This book is the result of his concern, research and introspection on the subject of the mind. Soon after completing the book, Mohandas Moses passed away, leaving the task of getting his book published to his wife, Achala Moulik, a former civil servant and author. He has left behind another completed manuscript on the renowned Indologist, Sir William Jones and an unfinished one ‘Rajatarangini Revisted’ on his experiences in Jammu-Kashmir-Ladakh. These will be published shortly.

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