Modes of Thought: Explorations in Culture and Cognition

Εξώφυλλο
David R. Olson, Nancy Torrance
Cambridge University Press, 28 Σεπ 1996 - 305 σελίδες
Modes of Thought addresses a topic of broad interest to the cognitive sciences. Its central focus is on the apparent contrast between the widely assumed 'psychological unity of mankind' and the facts of cognitive pluralism, the diverse ways in which people think and the developmental, cultural, technological and institutional factors which contribute to that diversity. Whether described in terms of modes of thought, cognitive styles, or sensibilities, the diversity of patterns of rationality to be found between cultures, in different historical periods, between individuals at different stages of development remains a central problem for a cultural psychology. Modes of Thought brings together anthropologists, historians, psychologists and educational theorists who manage to recognise the universality in thinking and yet acknowledge the cultural, historical and developmental contexts in which differences arise.
 

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List of contributors
vii
Preface
ix
Introduction
1
Science in antiquity The Greek and Chinese cases and their relevance to the problems of culture and cognition
15
Relations of analogy and identity Toward multiple opentations to the world
34
Self narrative and memory Reflections on Augustine Petrarch and Descartes
53
Normal people
59
Modes of reasoning and the politics of authority in the modern state
72
Inference in narrative and science
123
Literate mentalities Literacy consciousness of language and modes of thought
141
Mythology and analogy
152
Cognitive domains as modes of thought
187
Modes of thinking about living kinds Science symbolism and common sense
216
Is good thinking scientific thinking? Deanna Kuhn
261
Network the verb and the appeal of collaborative modes of instruction and thought
282
Author index
295

Frames for thinking Ways of making meaning
93
Autobiography and fiction as modes of thought
106

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