Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

Case 2. To change sterling money into French.

RULE. As the rate of Exchange : is to 1 crown :: so is the sterling sum: to the French required.

Note. The same rule must be observed with most of the following countries.

EXAMPLES. (1) What sterling money must be paid in London, to re

ceive in Paris 500 crowns; exchange at 56d. per

crown? (2) How many crowns must be paid at Paris, to receive in

London 1161. 138. 4d. the exchange at 56d. per crown? (3) Change 640 crowns, 12 sols, 8 deniers, at 54 d. per

crown, into sterling. (4) Change 145l. 78. 7fd. sterling, into French crowns, ex

change at 54 d. per crown,

2d. With SPAIN. They keep their accounts at Madrid, Cadiz, and Seville, in dollars, rials, and maravedies, and exchange by the piece of eight, which is equal to 4s. 6d. at par. 4 Maravedies vellon, or

Quarta. 2 Maravedies plate 81 Quartas, or

Rial vellon. 34. Maravedies vellon 16 Quartas, or 34 Maravedies plate 8 Rials of plate

Piece of eight or dollar. N. B. A rial vellon is of a rial of plate, and 1% of a

piastre.

make one

Rial of plate.

EXAMPLES. (5) Change 8561. 6s. 8d. into Spanish money, exchange at

56d. per piece of eight. (6) If I pay in Seville 1426 pieces of eight, 4 rials, 26 maravedies, what

my
bill

for on London, exchange at 54 d. per piece of eight?

may I draw

3d. With Italy In Italy they keep their accounts, at Genoa and Leghorn, in livres, sols, and deniers, and exchange by the piece of eight or dollar, which is equal to 4s. 6d. at par. 12 Deniers

Sol. 20 Sols

Livre, make one. 5 Livres

Piece of eight at 6 Livres

Leghorn.
At Florence the exchange is by ducatoons, and at Venice by

ducats, divided as follows, viz.
6 Soldi

make one
24 Grosses

Ducat.

}

EXAMPLES (7) Genoa is indebted to London 640 dollars. For how

much sterling may London draw on Genoa, the ex

change at 52d. per dollar? (8) If a merchant remit 138l. 138. 4d. sterling to Leghorn,

how
many

dollars will be receive there, the exchange at 52d.

per dollar Note.-In St. George's bank, at Genoa, accounts are kept in

piastres or pezzoes, which are divided into soldi' and

denari, as the pound sterling. But some merchants keep their accounts in lires, or liras,

soldi, and denari, divided as before. This money is

only one fifth in value of the bank money. (9) Change 8644 pez. into sterling money, exchange at

47 d. per pezzo. (10) London is indebted to Genoa 1710l. 168. 4d. For how

many pezzoes may Genoa draw on London, the exchange at 47{d. per pez.?

4th. With PORTUGAL. They keep their accounts in Lisbon, Oporto, &c. in reas, and exchange on the milrea; and London gives from 5s. to 5s. 6d. for the same. 400 Reas

Crusadoe.

make one 1000 Reas

Milrea.

}

.

EXAMPLES. (11) A merchant at Lisbon being desirous to remit to his

correspondent at London 4760 milreas, exchange at 64d. per milrea, how much sterling must be paid in

London ? (12) How many milreas will 15661. 6s. 8d. amount to, ex

change at 64d. per milrea!

5th. With HOLLAND, FLANDERS, and GERMANY.

In these places, their accounts are kept sometimes in pounds, shillings, and pence, as in England; and sometimes in guilders, stivers, and pennings. The money of Holland and Flanders is distinguished by the name of Flemish, and the exchange is made with London, from 30 to 38 shillings Flemish, per pound sterling.

Groat.

8 Pennings 2 Groats, or ? 16 Pennings

6 Stivers 20 Stivers 2_Florins 6 Florins 5 Guilders

make one

Stiver, or two-pence.
Schilling.
Florin, or guilder.
Rix dollar.
Pound Flemish.
Ducat.

To change Flemish money into sterling; and, on the contrary, sterling into Flemish, is the same with that of France; only what was French there will be Flemish here.

To reduce Flemish pounds, shillings, and pence, into guilders.

RULE.

Reduce them into pence, Flemish, then divide by 40 (because 40d. are equal to one guilder), and the quotient will be guiiders; and the remainder (if any) divide by 2 (because 2d, is equal to one stiver), and the quotient will be stivers.

EXAMPLES.

(13) A merchant in Rotterdam remits 5641. 10s. 6d. Flemish, to be paid in London.

How much sterling money must he draw for, exchange at 34s. 4d. per

£. sterling? (14) Suppose a merchant delivers in London 3281. 168. 114d.

to receive the value at Amsterdam in Flemish money ; how many pounds must be receive there, the exchange at 34s. 4d. Flemish

per

£. sterlingi (15) What may I draw my bill for on London, if I pay in

Antwerp 4200 guilders, 12 stivers, 8 pennings, ex

change at 33. 3d. Flemish per £. sterling? (16) If I pay in London 421l. 28. 3d. how many guilders

may I draw my bill for at Antwerp, exchange at

338. 3d. Flemish per £. sterling? (17) Exchange 2421. 138. 6d. Flemish into guilders, stivers,

&c.

6th. To change CURRENT MONEY into BANCO.

RULE. As 100 with the agio added to it : is to 100 banco :: so is any given sum current : to the banco required.

EXAMPLE. (18) Change 495 guilders, 18 stivers current, into banco

florins, agio 5 per cent.

2. To change banco into current money.

RULE. As 100 guineas banco : is to 100 with the agio added to it :: so is the banco given : to the current required.

EXAMPLE (19) Change 470 guilders, 8 stivers banco, into current, agio

at 5 per cent. Note.- The bank money is worth more than the current:

their difference is called agio, and is from three to six per cent. in favour of the bank.

7th. With VENICE. Money of exchange here is always understood to be that of ducats in bank, which is imaginary, 100 of which make 120 ducats current money; so that the difference betwixt bank and current money is an agio of 20 per cent. though the brokers have invented another agio to be added, which is more or less according to bargain.

The course of exchange of a ducat of the bank of Venice is from 45d, to 50d. sterling.

EXAMPLE (20) Venice draws on London for 420 ducats, 10 sols, 8 den.

banco, exchange at 475 per ducat. How much sterling will pay the draft:

8th. With POLAND and PRUSSIA.

Dantzic and Konigsberg exchange with London by way of Amsterdam and Hamburgh; 270 Polish grosh being=il. gross banco in Holland ; 110 Polish grosh being = 1 rix-dollar, banco of Hamburg.

18 Phenningen
3 Grosh
2 Ditkins
3 Sixters
7Grosh
4 Arch de halbers
3 Florins or guilders
4 Guilders

make one

Grosh.
Ditkin.
Sixter.
Tymph.
Arch de halber.
Florin or guilder.
Current

Dollar.
Specie

}

EXAMPLES. (21) Change 4684 florins into sterling money, 270 groshi

Poli, per pound Flemish, and 348. 4d. Flemish per £.

sterling (22) Change 3901. sterling into florins, the exchange being

33s. 4d. Flemish per £. sterling, and 270 groshi Poli per £. Flemish.

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »