The WEIGHT and VALUE of such GOLD and SILVER COINS as are most commonly used in ENGLAND. 9606 5210 SILVER. - - 19 8 10/2 9 16 54 0 0 0 A Shilling A Sixpence - - 1 22 9 Note. Twenty Mites make one Grain. We also have had Portugal Money in use here, the Value and Weight of which are as follow: A Pound of Copper Avoirdupois is coined into twenty-three Pence; consequently a Halfpenny is one third of an Ounce nearly, and a Farthing one sixth. TEACHETH to reduce all great Numbers into small, by multiplying the given Number by so many of the next lower Name as make one of the higher; still keeping them equivalent in Value, and is called Reduction descending: on the contrary, all small Names are brought into great, by dividing the given number by so many of the lesser Name as make one of the next greater; this is the reverse of the last, and is termed Reduction ascending. EXAMPLES in MONEY. (1) In 271. how many Shillings and Pence? (2) Reduce 6480 Pence to Shillings and Pounds. (3) How many Shillings, Pence, and Farthings, are there in 40l. 10s.? (4) In 38880 Farthings how many Pounds? (5) Reduce 1047. 17s. 63d. to Farthings. (6) How many Pounds in 100683 Farthings? (7) In 21 Guineas, how many Shillings, Pence, and Farthings? (8) Reduce 21168 Farthings to Guineas. (9) In 42 Moidores how many Farthings? (10) How many Moidores in 54432 Farthings? By this Weight are weighed Gold, Silver, Jewels, Amber, and all Liquors. N. B. 14oz. 11dwts. 15grs. Troy, are equal to 1 Pound Avoirdupois. EXAMPLES. (1) In 24lb. of Silver, how many Ounces, Penny-weights, and Grains? (2) Reduce 138240 grs. to dwts. oz. and lb. (3) In an Ingot of Silver, weighing 12lb. 10oz. 22grs. how many Grains? (4) Reduce 73942 grs. to Pounds. APOTHECARIES WEIGHT. 3 Apothecaries, in making up their medicines, use this Weight, but they buy and sell their drugs by the Avoirdupois Weight. EXAMPLES. (5) In 14lb. how many Ounces, Drams, Scruples, and Grains? (6) Reduce 80640 grs. to 9, 3, 3, and 1. (7) How many Grains in 4 fb, 11 3,2 9, 17 grs.?. (8) In 28377 grs. how many Pounds? AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. By Avoirdupois Weight is weighed all manner of things that have waste; as all Physical Drugs and Grocery, Resin, Wax, Pitch, Tar, Tallow, Soap, Hemp, Flax, Hay, Wool, &c.; all base Metals and Minerals, as Iron, Steel, Lead, Tin, Copper, Alum, Copperas, &c. Also Bread, Butter, Cheese, Salt, Butchers' Meat, &c. The Denominations in some of which are as follow, viz. Note.-There are some Sorts of Silk which are weighed by a great Pound of 24 oz. EXAMPLES. (9) In 1 Ton, or 20 Cut. how many Quarters, Pounds, Ounces, and Drams? (10) Reduce 573440 drs. to Hundreds, &c. (11) Reduce 27 lb. 12 oz. 11 drs. to Drams. (12) How many Pounds in 7115 drs.? (13) In 12 Tons, 10 Cwt. 14 lb. 11 oz. 15 drs. how many drs. ? (14) How many Tons are there in 7171775 drs. ? Scotch and Irish linens are bought and sold by the Yard; but Dutch linens are bought by the Ell Flemish, and sold by the Ell English. EXAMPLES. (15) In a Piece of Cloth containing 24 Yards, how many Quarters and Nails? (16) Reduce 384 Nails to Yards. (17) How many Nails are there in 72 Ells Eng. 4 qrs. 2 na.? (18) Reduce 1458 Nails to Ells English. (19) In 121 Ells Flemish how many Nails? (20) Reduce 1452 Nails to Ells Flemish. (21) How many Nails in 42 Ells Fr. 5 grs.? (22) Reduce 1028 Nails to Ells French. 360 Degrees are the circumference of the Globe. By this Measure, distances of places, or any thing else that has Length only, are measured. EXAMPLES. (23) In 176 m. 30 P. how many Poles? (24) Reduce 56350 Poles to Miles. (25) How many Yards, Feet, and Inches, are there in 200 Miles? (26) In 12672000 Inches, how many Miles? (27) Reduce 12 Leag. 1 M. 6 Fur. 29 P. 4 Yds. to Barley Corns. (28) In 7193178 b. c. how many Leagues, &c. ? |