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The best way of measuring Land is by a Chain of 4 Poles, or 66 Feet in length, which is divided into 100 equal parts, called Links.

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(29) In 42 Acres, how many Roods and Poles?

(30) Reduce 6720 Poles to Acres.

(31) In 12 A. 3 R. 29 P. how many Poles? (32) How many Acres in 2069 Perches?

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Note. A Tun of Wine is 18 Cwt. Avoirdupois.

A Gallon is 231 solid Inches.

By Wine Measure, all Spirits, Mead, Perry, Cider, Vinegar, Oil, and Honey, &c. are measured; as also Milk, not by law, but custom only.

EXAMPLES.

(33) In 4 Ankers of Brandy, how many Gallons and Quarts? (34) In 160 Quarts, how many Ankers?

(35) Reduce 4 Hhds. of Wine to Gallons and Pints.

(36) How many Hogsheads of Wine are there in 2016 Pints? (37) Reduce 42 Tierces and 24 Gallons to Pints.

(38) How many Tierces in 14304 Pints?

(39) In 4 Tuns, 1 P. 1 Hhd. 42 Gal. 6 Pts. how many Pints? (40) Reduce 9918 Pints to Tuns, &c.

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Butt.

Tun.

hhds. 2 Hogsheads or 3 Bar. or 108 Gal.

12 Butts or 216 Gallons

Note 8 Gallons is a Firkin of Beer or Ale, in all parts of

England, except London.

A Gallon of Ale or Beer is 282 solid Inches.

A Firkin of Soap or Herrings is the same with that of Ale.

EXAMPLES.

(41) In 12 Barrels of Ale, how many Gallons and Quarts? (42) Reduce 1526 Quarts of Ale to Barrels. (43) In 42 Barrels of Beer, how many Pints? (44) Reduce 12096 Pints of Beer to Barrels. (45) In 6 Hhds. 27 Gal. 6 Pts. of Ale, how (46) How many Hhds. of Ale in 2526 Pts.? (47) How many Gal. and Pts. in 14 Hhds. 47 Gal. of Beer? (48) Reduce 6424 Pints of Beer to Hogsheads.

many

Pts.?

(49) Reduce 6 Tuns, 1 Butt, 42 Gallons of Beer to Quarts. (50) How many Tuns, &c. in 5784 Quarts of Beer?

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2 Quarts are one Pottle, both in Liquid and Dry Measure. A Gallon contains 2684 solid Inches. In measuring Sea Coal.

5 Pecks make one Bushel, Water Measure.

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By Dry Measure, Corn, Salt, Coals, and all other Dry

Goods, are measured.

The standard Bushel is 18 Inches wide, and 8 Inches deep. EXAMPLES.

(51) In 24 Quarters of Corn, how many Bushels, Pecks, Gallons, and Quarts?

(52) How many Quarters of Corn in 6144 Quarts?
(53) Reduce 36 chs. 26 bu. of Coals to Pecks.
(54) How many Chaldrons of Coals in 5288 Pecks?

(55) In 64 Lasts of Corn, how many Weys, Bu. and Pecks? (56) How many Lasts in 20480 Pecks?

TIME.

Time of itself is nothing, but from Thought
Receives its Rise, by labouring Fancy wrought;
From Things consider'd, whilst we think on some
As present, some as past, or yet to come;

No Thought can think on Time, that's still confess'd,
But thinks on Things in Motion or at Rest.

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365 Days, 5 Hours, 48 Minutes, 57 Seconds, 39 Thirds, are

a Solar Year.

The Year is also divided into 12 unequal Calendar Months, called,

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.

And to know how many Days are in each Month, observe to get by heart the following Lines:

Thirty Days hath September,

April, June, and November;
February hath twenty-eight alone,
And all the rest have thirty-one ;

Except Leap Year, and then's the Time,
February's Days are twenty-nine.

EXAMPLES.

(57) How many Hours, Minutes, and Seconds, are there in a Week, or 7 Days?

(58) In 60480 Seconds, how many Days?

(59) Reduce 6 mo. 4 d. to sec.

(60) In 14860800 sec. how many Months?

(61) How many Seconds are there in a Julian Year, or in 365 Days, 6 Hours?

(62) In 31557600 sec. how many Days?

(63) How many Thirds are there in a Solar Year, or in 365 Days, 5 Hours, 48 Minutes, 57 Seconds, and 39

Thirds?

(64) Reduce 1893416259 Thirds to Days.

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2724 Feet is one Rod of Brick Work.

100 Square Feet is one Square of Flooring.

By this Measure are measured all Things in which Length and Breadth are only considered.

EXAMPLES.

(65) In 42 Square Yards, how many Square Inches? (66) How many Square Yards in 54432 Square Inches? (67) Reduce 3 sq. 42 Feet, 64 in. of Flooring to Inches. (68) How many Squares are there in 49312 square Inches?

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A Solid Yard of Earth is called a Load.

108 Solid Feet, i. e. 12 Feet long, 3 Feet broad, and 3 Feet deep, or commonly 14 Feet long, 3 Feet 1 Inch broad, and 3 Feet 1 Inch deep, is a Stack of Wood; 128 solid Feet, i. e. 8 Feet long, 4 Feet broad, and 4 deep, is a Cord of Wood.

By this Measure are measured all Things in which are considered Length, Breadth, and Depth or Thicknes

EXAMPLES.

(69) In 27 solid Yards, how many solid Inches?
(70) Reduce 1259712 solid Inches to solid Yards.

(71) How many solid Inches are there in 4 Tons 24 Feet of hewn Timber?

(72) In 387072 solid Inches, how many Tons of hewn Timber?

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