Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

XVII. TARE and TRETT. , In this rule there are six things to be observed, riz. 1. The Gross Weight. 2. Tare. 3. Trett. 4. Suttle. 5. Cloff.

Ånd, 6. The Net Weight. 1. The Gross Weight is the whole weight of the goods, and

that which they are packed up in. 2. Tare is an allowance made to the purchaser for the weight

of the box, bag, barrel, or whatever contains the goods
bought, and is either

At so much in the whole gross weight;
At so much per box, bag, &c.—or,

At so much per cent. 3. Trett is an abatement of 4lb. per 1041b. and is the twenty

sixth part allowed for waste, dust, &c. made by the

merchant to the buyer. 4. Suttle is when the tare is deducted from :he gross. 5. Cloff is an allowance of 2 lb. to the citizens of London on

every draught above 3 cwt. on some sorts of goods, as

beaver, galls, madder, argol, &c. 6. Net weight is when all allowances are deducted from the

gross.

Case 1. When the tare is at so much in the gross weight, to find the net.

RULE.

Subtract the tare from the gross, and the remainder is the net weight.

EXAMPLES. (1) What is the net weight of 24 hogsheads of tobacco, each

weighing 6 cwt. 2 qrs. 17 lb. gross ? Tare in the

whole 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 27 lb. (2) What is the net weight of 5 hhds, of sugar, weighing as follows, viz.

qrs.

16. No. 1.

4 2 14 Tare o 21 2. 3 17

0 18 3. 5 3 10

1 11

cwt.

grs. lb.

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

Case 2. When tare is at so much per box, bag, &c. to find the net weight.

RULE. Multiply the tare of each box, bag, &c. by the number of boxes, &c. the product subtract from the gross as before, and the remainder will be the net weight.

EXAMPLES. (3) What is the net weight of 8 fraiis of raisins, each weigh

ing 2 cwt. 3 qrs. gross, tare at 22 lb. per frail ? (4) What is the net weight of 40 bales of silk, each weighing

3 cwt. 27 lb. gross, tare at 18 lb. per bale ?

Case 3. When tare is at so much per cwt. to find the net weight.

RULE. Divide the whole gross by the said part or parts that the tare is of a cwt. an the quotient thence arising will be the tare, which, subtracted from the gross, as before, will give the net weight.

EXAMPLES. (5) What is the net weight of 22 barrels of figs, each 2 cwt.

1 qr. 17 lb. gross, tare at 14 lb. (6) What is the net weight of 9 hhds. of

weighing 6 cwt. 2 qrs. 12 lb. gross, tare at 171b. per cwt.?

per cwt.?

sugar, each

Case 4. When trett is allowed with the tare, to find the net weight.

RULE. Find the tare as before, and subtract it from the gross; the remainder will be the suttle, which divide by 26; and the quotient will be the trett, which subtract from the suttle; the remainder will be the net weight.

EXAMPLES. (7) What is the net weight of 16 cwt. 3 qrs. gross; tare

I cwt. 1 qr. 12 lb. and trett 4 lb. per 104 16. ? (8) In 27 bags of coffee, each weighing, gross, 2 cwt. 3 qrs.

27 lb. tare 13 lb, per 112 1b.? and trett 4 Ib. per 104 lb. what is the net weight?

Case 5. When cloff is allowed, to find the net weight.

RULE. Divide the whole gross by 168 (2 lb. being 168th part of 3 cwt. or 336 lb.); or you may divide the number of cwts. by 3, which brings them into 3 cwts. Then 2 lb. being allowed for

every 3 cwt. so as many 3 cwts. as it produces, so many 2 lbs. it will allow, which divide by 56 (the double pounds in a cwt.), the quotient will be the hundreds, and the remainder will be so many 2 lbs., to which adding what may allowed for the odd cwts. grs, and lbs. of the given weight, will make the whole cloff, which subtract from the gross, and the remainder will be the net weight.

be

EXAMPLES. (9) What will the net weight of 5647 cwt. 3 qrs. 13 lb. gross, allowing for cloff 2 lb. for

every

3 cwt. ? (10) What is the net weight of 14 barrels of spices, weighing

altogether 42 cwt. 3 qrs. gross, allowing for cloff 2 lb.

per 3 cwt. ?

Case 6. When tare, trett, and cloff, are allowed with any quantity (gross), to find the net weight.

RULE. For the tare and trett, proceed as in Case 4, and the remainder, which was called the net there, will be the sutile here, which to find the cloff of, proceed as in the last Case.

EXAMPLES. (11) What is the net weight of 15 cwt. 3 qrs. 20 lb. gross, allowing for tare 7 ib. per cwt.; trett Alb. per

104 lb. and cloff 2 lb, for 5 cwt. ? (12) What is the net weight of 4 hhds. of sugar, weighing as

follows, viz.

No. 1.

2.

cwt. grs. lb.

4 2 17
5 3 14 Tare 8 lb. per cwt. Trett 4 lb. per
3 2 26 104 lb. Cloff 2 lb. per 3 cwt.
6 2 12

3.
4.

QUESTIONS for EXERCISE.

(13) The net proceeds of a hogshead of Barbadoes sugar,

were 41. 14s. 6d. the custom and fees 21. 8s. 6d. Freight 22s. 8d. Factorage 4s. 9d. The gross weight was 9 cwt. qrs. 10 lb. Tare 1 lb. in 10. Pray then

how was the sugar rated in the bill of parcels ? (14) I have imported 80 jars of Lucca oil, each containing

1180 solid inches. What came the freight to at 45. 6d. per cwt. Tare i lb. in 10, counting 7 lb. of oil to the wine gallon of 231 cubic inches ?

XVIII. SIMPLE INTEREST IS that which arises only from the principal, and is a profit allowed by the borrower to the lender, for the loan or forbearance of any sum of money, for some determined space of time, and at any rate (per cent. per annum) agreed upon; which, according to law, must not exceed 51. for the use or interest of 100l. principal, called cent., for 12 months, called

annum.

The amount is the principal and interest added together.

Note.-The rules for simple interest serve also for calculating factorage, brokerage, insurance, purchasing of stocks, or any thing else, that is rated at so much per cent.

Case 1. To find the interest of any sum of money, for any number of years.

RULE. Multiply the principal by the rate per cent. ; that product, divided by 1910, will give the interest for a year, which multiply by the number of years given, and the product will be the answer. Or, by taking the aliquot part or parts with the given rate that are in 1001.

EXAMPLES. (1) What is the interest of 8241. 18s. 2d. for a year, at four

per cent. per annum ? (2) What is the interest of 500l. for 4 years, at 5 per cent.

per annum ? (3) What is the amount of 2641. 4d. for 12 years at 5 per

cent. per annum.

Case 2. When the rate per cent. is \, { , more than the pounds given in the said rate.

RULE. Multiply the principal by the pounds in the rate per cent.; then take parts for 5, 1, or \, from the principal, which add to the product, and the sum divide by 100, as before.

EXAMPLES. (4) What is the interest of 246l. 18s. for a year, at 44 per

cent, per annum? (5) What is the interest of 1401. 10s. for 7 years, at 41 per

cent. per annum? (6) What is the amount of 4701. for 5 years, at 34 per cent.

per annum

COMMISSION IS an allowance from a merchant to his factor or corre. spondent abroad, in buying and selling of goods, and is at a certain rare per cent. according to the custom of the country where the factor resides.

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »