« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
cannot be settled by statute, 96, 104, 105.
legislative bodies to decide upon, 133.
powers assumed and exercised by, 5-7.
authority of the States to adopt, 117, 121, n., 122, n.
for lobby services, illegal, 136.
of private corporations are, 279.
(See OBLIGATION OF CONTRACTS.)
Congress may secure to authors, 10.
may be appropriated under right of eminent domain, 526.
legislative control of, 235.
private, may be authorized to take lands for public use, 536-538.
(See CHARTERS; MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.)
private, inviolability of, 307, n.
constitutional right to, 330–338.
COUNSEL, - continued.
but not as lobbies, 136, n.
unless irrelevant to the case, 444.
ous reflections, 448.
ing on his counsel, 456.
Congress may provide for punishment of, 10, 18.
States also may punish, 18.
(See MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.)
change of, 384.
duty of, to refuse to execute unconstitutional laws, 71, n., 81, 82, 159, et seq.
will not be exercised by bare quorum, 161.
nor of one who has assented, 164.
nor because in violation of fundamental principles, 169, 170.
general powers of, 11.
in what cases may issue writs of babeas corpus, 345, 346.
bills of, 15.
control of debtor by, 341.
legislative convictions of, prohibited, 15, 33, 259.
and public, 312.
prisoner's right to make statement, 313-318.
confessions as evidence, 313-318.
exceptional cases, 318.
must unanimously concur in verdict, 320.
nor to refuse to receive the verdict, 320.
but is to give instruction in the law, 322.
what is legal jeopardy, 326, 327.
second trial after verdict set aside, 327, 328.
oath of, 330, 331, n.
whether one may refuse to act, 334.
not to be made the instrument of injustice, 338.
CRIMES, — continued.
accusations of, are libellous, per se, 424–426.
but privileged if made in course of judicial proceedings, 441, 444.
violations of police regulations of States, 596.
of works of art and literary productions is privileged, 457.
but not the personal character of the author, 457.
of public entertainments and sermons, 457, n.
succession to, may be changed by Parliament, 86.
union of the colonies under, 5.
constitutional prohibition of, 328-330.
what are, 329, 330.
for counterfeiting money, 18.
under State and municipal laws, 199.
power of legislature to modify or abolish, 360, 361.
of wards, apprentices, servants, and scholars, 340.
of principal by his bail, 341.
(See COMMON Law; DUTIES AND IMPOSTS.)
to obtain water power, condemnation of land for, 532, 534-536.
destruction of, when it becomes a nuisance, 595.
in libel cases, increased by attempt at justification, 438.
when exemplary, not to be awarded, 457.
(See EMINENT DOMAIN.)
what consequential injuries are, 384, 543.
common carriers may be made liable for causing, 581.
in Parliament, formerly not suffered to be published, 418.
(See FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND OF THE PRESS.)
public, declared inviolable, 11.
DEBT, – continued.
imprisonment for, may be abolished as to pre-existing obligations, 287.
imprisonment for, now generally abolished, 341.
control of creditor over, 341.
prohibition of, whether it precludes indebtedness by municipalities, 217,
the peculiar feature in American government, 189.
(See JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS.)
(See BILL OF Rights.)
in English constitutional law, 22–24.
purpose and proper force of, 93-95.
of lands to public use, 238, n., 565.
invalid, may be confirmed by legislature, 377, 378.
but not to prejudice of bona fide purchasers, 378, 379.
not based upon equity, may be taken away by legislature, 370-383.
under statute of limitations are vested rights, 365.
of a State, 1.