EXAMPLES. 1. If 6 yarus of cloth cost 9 dollars, what will 20 yards cost at the same rate : Yds.' 8 l'as. Here 20 yards, which moves 6:9:: 20 the question, is the third term; 9 6 yds. the same kind, is the first, and 9 dollars the second. 6)) 80 Ans. 830 2. If 20 yards cost 30 dols. 3. If 9 dollars will buy 6 what cost 6 yards ? yards, how many yards will Yds. S Yds. 30 dollars buy : 20 : 30 :: 6 - Syds. 8 6 9: 6:: 30 6 2,0)18,0 9)180 Ans. 89 Ans. 20yds. 4. If 3 cwt. of sugar cost sl. 88. what will 11 cwt. 1 qr. 24 lb. cost? 3 cwt. 81. 8s. C. gr. lb. ib. 112 20 11 1 24 As 19€ 58 : : 128416. 168 336 lb. 168s. 45 10272 28 7704 1 284 364 -(,0) 92 3.6123571264,2 4016 188A 16. -321.2s. 1.411 Ans. ( 344 672 5. If one pair of stockings cost 4s. 6d. what will 19 dozen pair cost? Ans. £51 6s. 6. If 19 dozen pair of shoes cost 511. 6s. what will onc pair cost Ans, 4s. 6d. 7. At 10d. per pound, what is the value of a firkin of butter, weight 56 pounds ? Ans. £? 9s. 8. How much sugar can you buy for 2s1 25. at 9d. a pound : Ans. 7. egrs. 9. Bought 8 chests of sugar, each 9 cwt. 2 qrs. what do they come to at 2. 5s. per cwt. Ans. £, 171: 10. If a man's wages are 75l. 105. a year, what is that a calendar month ? Ins. 66 5s. 10d. 11. If 45 tons of hay will keep 3 cattle over the winter; how many tons will it take to keep 25 cattle the saine time: Ans. 571 tors. 12. If a man's yearly ijscome be 2081. ls. what is that a day. Ans. 11s. 4d. Sqrs. 13. If a man spends Ss. 4d. per day, how much is that a year? Ans. £60 16s. &d. 14. Boarding at 12s. 6d. per week, how long will s22 10s. last me: 15. A owes B 3475l. but B compounds with him for 133. 4d. on the pound ; pray what must he receive for liis debt? Arus. £. 2316 13s. 1d!. 15. A goldsmith sold a tankard for 81. 195. at 5$. 4d. per ounce, what was the weight of the tankard ? Ans. 2lb. 8oz. 5pot. 17. If 2 cwt. 3 qrs. 21 lb. of sugar cost 61. 1s. 8d. what cost $5_cwt.! 18. Bought 10 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 91 yards, at ik. 4. pence per yard; what did the whole cone to : Ans. £55 9s. O d. Ans. 1 year. Ans. £75. FEDERAL MONEY. NOTE 1. You must state the question, as taught the Rules foregoing, and after reducing the first and third terms to the same name, &c. you may pultiply and diviile according to the rules in lecimals; or by the rules fur multiplying and dividing Federal Money. EXAMPLES. 19. If 7 yds. of cloth cost 15 dollars 47 cents, what will 12 yds. cost ? I'ds. $ cts. yuls. ñ : 15,47 : : 12 12 7)185,64 Ans. 26,52=$26, 52cts. But any sum in dollars and cents may be written down as a whole number, and expressed in its lowest denomi. nation, as in the following example: (See Reduction of Federal Money, page 67.) 20. What will 1 qr. 9 Ib. sugar coiné to, at 6 dollars 45 cts. per cwt. ? lb. cts. lb. 1 9 As 112 : 645 : : 37 37 gr. 20. 28 NOTE 2 When the first and third numbers are fede. sal money, you may annex cyphers, (if necessary) until you inake their decinal places or figures at the right Ganil' of the separatrix, equal: which will reduce them to a like denomination. Then you may multiply and divide, as in whole numbers, and the quotient will express the answer in the least denomination mentioned in the second, or middle term EXAMPLES. 21. If s dollars will buy 7 yards of cloth, how many yards can I buy for 120 dollai's, 75 cents ? cts. yds. cts. As 300 : 7 :: 12075 7 yds. 300) 84525(2817 Ans. 22. If 12 lb. of Tea cost 6 dols. 600 78 cts. and 9 mills, what will 5 lb. cost at the same rate ? 2452 2400 525 300 Scts.in. 225 900(Sqrs. 900 8 cts. 23. If a man lays out 121, 23 in merchandize, anu thereby gains 39 dollars, 51 ctg, how much will he gain by laying out 12 dullars at the same rate : Cents. cents, cents. As 12123 : 3951 : : 1200 1200 -cts. Scts. 36369 24. If the wages of 15 weeks come to 64 duls. 19 cts. what is a year's wages at that rate ? Ans. 8222, 52cis. 5m. 25. A man bought sheep at 1 dol. 11 cts. per head, to the amount of 51 dols. 6 cts.; how many sheep did he buy! Ans. 46. 26. Bought 4 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 31 yarıls, at 16s. 6d. per yard, (New-England currency) what does the whole annount to in federal money ? Ans. S341. 27. When a tun of wine cost 140 dollars, what cost a quart? Ans. 13cts. 8 Plus 28. A merchant agreed with his debtor, that if he would pay him down 65 cents on a dollar, he would give him up a note of hand of 249 dollars, 88 cts. I demand what the debtor inust pay for his note ? Ans. $162, 42cts. 2ın. 29. If 12 horses eat up 30 bushels of oats in a week, how many bushels will serve 45 horses the same time? Ani. 112busbels. 30. Bought a piece of cloth for 848 27 cts. at 1 dollar 19 cents per yard; how many yards did it contain ? Ans. 40yds. 2qrs. 106 31. Bought 3 hhds of sugar, each weighing 8cwt. 1 qr: 12 lb. at 7 dollars, 26 cents per cwt. what come they to : Ans. $182 Ict. Sın. 32. What is the price of 4 pieces of cloth, tire first piece containing 21, the second 23, the third 24, and the tourth 27 yards at 1 dollar 43 cents a yard ! Ans. $135 85cts. 21+25+24+27=9.5yjıls. 33. Bought Shhds. of brandy, containing 61, 62, 62) gallons, at 1 dollar, 53 cents per galion, 1 demand how inuch they amount to? is. S255, 99cts. 34. Suppose a gentleman's income is 1839 dollars a year, and he spends 3 dollars 49 cents a day, one day with another, how much will he have saved at the year's end : Gils. $562, 15cis. 35. If my horse stands me in 20 cents per day keer. ing. wlxat will be the charge of 11 horses for the year, at that rate? Ans. $803 |