8. A merchant had six debtors, who together, owed him 29171. 10s. 6d. A, B, C, D, and E, owed him 16751. 13s. 9d. of it; what was F's debt? Ans. £ 1241 16s. 9d. 9. A nerchant bought 17C. 2qrs. 141b. of sugar, of which he sells 9C. Sqrs. 251b. how much of it remains unsold ? Ans. 7C. 2grs. 17lb. 10. From a fashionable piece of cloth which contained 52yus. Qna. a taylor was ordered to take three suits, cach Gyds. 2qrs. how much remains of the piece? Ans. 32yds. 2grs. Qna. 11. The war between England and America commenced April 19, 1775, and a general peace took place Jariuary 20th, 1789; how long did the war continue ? Ans. Tyrs. 9mo. id. COMPOUND MULTIPLICATION. COMPOUND Multiplication is when the Multiplicand consists of several denominations, &ca. 1. To Multiply Federal Money. RULE. Multiply as in whole nambers, and place the separatrix as many figures from the right hand in the product, as it is in the multiplicand, or given sum. EXAMPLES. 8 cts. S d.c. m. 1. Multiply 35 09 by 25. 2. Multiply 49 0 0 5 by 97. 25 97 17545 343055 441045 Prod. $877, 25 3. Multiply 1 dol. 4 cts. by 84753, 4 8 5 S cts, 305 Ans. $17, 20 150 ans. 62, 25 50 Ans. 450, 00 50 ns. 50 Ans. 0, 45 4, 50) 1 8. There were forty-one men concerned in the pay. ment of a sum of money, and each paid 3 dollars and 9 mills; how much was paid in all ? Ans. $123 36cts. Smills. 9. The number of inhabitants in the United States is five millions; now suppose each should pay the trilling sum of 5 cents a year, for the term of 12 years, towards a continental tax ; how many dollars would be raised thereby? Ans. three millions Dollars. 2. T. Multiply the Denominations of Sterling Money, Weights, Measures, &c. RULE.* Write down the Multiplicand, and place the quantity underneath the least denomination, for the Multiplier, and ia multiplying by it, observe the same rules for carrying from one denomination to another, as in Compound Addition. INTRODUOTORI EXAMPLIS. f. 8. d.o. s. d. Multiply 1 11 6 2 by 5. How much is 3 times 11 9 5 s * When accounts are kept ip pounds, shillings and pence, this kind of mulüplication is a concise and elegant method of nuding the value of goods, at so much per yard, lb. &c. the general rule being to multiply the given price by the quantity ANSWERS S. d. Practical Questions. What cost nine yards of cloth at 58. 6d. per yard ? £0 5 6 price of one yard. Multiply by 9 yards. Ans. £2 9 6 price of nine yards. £ 4 gallons of wine, at 0 8. 7 per gallon. I 14 4 5 C. Malaga Raisins, at 1 2 3 per cwt. 5 11 3 reams of paper, at 0 17 91 per ream. 6 4 61 8 yds. of broadcloth, at 1 7 9: per yard. 11 24 9 lb. of cinnamon, at 0 11 4 per Ib. 5 2 2 11 tons of hay, at 2 1 10 per ton. 23 02 12 bushels of apples, at 0 1 9 per bush. 1 10 12 bushels of wheat, at 0 9 10 per bush. 5 18 0 2. When the multiplier, that is, the quantity, is a composite number, and greater than 12, take any two such numbers as when multiplied together, will exactly produce the given quantity, and multiply first by one of those figures, and that product by the other; and the last product will be the answer. EXAMPLES. f. S. d. What cost 28 yards of cloth, at 68 10d. per yaru: 0 6 10 price of one yard. Multiply by Produces 2 7 10 place of 7 yards. Multipy by Answer, 11 price of 28 yard, d. grs. QUESTIVäs. ANSWERS £. $. d. 24 yards at 7 4 3 per yard, 8 176 27 at 9 10 0 13 5 6 44 at 12 4 2 27 4 6 55 at 8 3 1 22 14 103 72 at 14 11 0 14 0 20 at 3 10 10 84 at 18 4 2 3 6 96 at 11 90 56 S 0 63 at £. 1 17 6 0 118 2 6 144 at 1 2 0 s 174 0 0 'S. When no two numbers multiplied together will exactly make the multiplier, you must multiply by any two whose product will come the nearest; then multiply the upper line by what remained; which added to the last product gives the answer. LXAMPLES. s. d. 17 9 price of 1 yard. 9 1 15 6 price of 2 vards. Anster, £41 14 3 price of 47 yards. QUESTIONS. ANSens. M d. f. S. d. 23 elle of linen, at 0 3 61 per ell. 4 1 o') '17 ells of dowlas, at 0 164 per eli. 1 6 2 $9 cwt. of sugar, at 3 10 6 per cirt. 157 96 38 ods. of cloth, at 0 5 9 per yd. 14 19 0 10 lbo. of indigo, at 0 11 6 10 18 6 20 yds. of cambric, at 0 13 7 per yų. 19 13 11 111 yds. broadcloth, at 1 6 per yu. 186 17 6 94 beaver hats, at 1 a piece 157 17 4 per lb. 4. To find the value of a hundred weight, by naving the price of one pound. If the price be farthings, multiply 2s. 4d. by the farthings in the price of one lb.-Or, if the price be pence, multiply 9s. 4d. by the pence in the price of one lb. and in either case the product will be the answer. EXAMPLES. farthings in the price of 1 lb. d. 9 4 S. d. 1 S. Examples of Weights, Measures, &c. Cwt. grs. lb. 5 ins. Cwt. 39 1 19 cwt. gr. lb. oz. 6 Product Ib. 80 9 10 4 Ib. 164 0 26 8 |