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5. In 1789 quarts of cider, how many barrels ?

ins, 14bls. 25qts. 6. What number of bottles, containing a pint and a aalf each, can be filled with a barrel of cider. Ans, 168.

7. How many pints, quarts, and two quarts, each an equal number, may be filled from a pipe of wine ?

Ans. 144.

8. LONG MEASURE. 1. In 51 miles, how many furlongs and poles ?

Ans. 408fur. 16320 poles. 2. In 49 yards, how many feet, inches, and barley, corns ?

Ans. 147ft. 1764inch. 52926.c. 3. How many inches from Boston to New-York, it being 248 miles ?

Ans. 15713280incli. 4. In 4352 inches, how many yards ?

Ans. 120yds. 2ft. Sin. 5. In 682 yards, how many rods ?

Ans. 682X2-11=124rods. 6. In 15840 yards, how many miles and leagues ?

Ans. 9m. 3lea. 7. How many times will a carriage wheel, 16 feet and 9 inches in circumference, turn round in going from New-York to Philadelphia ; it being 96 miles?

Ars, 30261 times, and 84 feet over. 8. How many barley-corns will reach round the globe it being 360 degrees

Ans. 4755801600.

9. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE. 1. In 241 acres, 3 roods and 25 poles, low many square rods or perches

Ans. 38705perches. 2. In 20692 square poles, how many acres ?

Ans. 129a. Ir. 12po. 3. If a piece of land contain 24 acres, and an inclosure of 17 acres, 3 roods, and 20 rods be taken out of it, how many perches are there in the remainder?

Ans. 980 perches. 4. Three fields contain, the first 7 acres, the second 10 acres, the thid 12 acres, 1 rood; how many'shares can they be divided into, each share to contain 76 rods ?

Ans. 61 shares, and 44 rods over,

10. SOLID MEASURE, 1. In 14 tons of hewn timber, how many solid inches i

Ans. 14x50x1728=1209600. 2. In 19 tons of round timber, how many

inches ?

Ans. 1313280, 3. In 21 cords of wood, how many solid feet?

Ans. 21x128=2688. 4. In 12 cords of wood, how many solid feet and inches :

Ans. 1536ft. and 2654208inch. 5. In 4608 solid feet of wood, how many cords ?

Ans. S6cds:

11. TIME. 1. In 41 weeks, how many days, hours, minutes, and onds

Ans. 287d. 6888h. 413280min, and 24796800sec. 2. In 214d. 15h. 31m. 25sec. how many seconds ?

Ans. 18545485sec. S. In 24796800 seconds, how many weeks ?

Ans. 41 weeks. 4. In 184009 minutes, how many days ?

Ans. 127d. 18h. 49min. 3. How many days from the birth of Christ, to Christas, 1797, allowing the year to contain 365 days, 6 hours.

Ans. 656854d. 6h. 6. Suppose your age to be 16 years and 20 days, how any seconds old are you, allowing 365 days and 6 hours the year?

Ans. 506649600sec. 7. From March 20, to November 19th following, inusive, how many days?

Ans, 262.

12. CIRCULAR NOTION. 1. In 7 signs, 15° 24' 40" how many degrees, minutes, and seconds ?

Ans. 225o 13524' and 811480" 2. Bring 1020300 seconds into signs.

Ans. 9 signs, 13° 25"

QURSTIONS TO EXERCISE REDUCTIQX. 1. In 1259 groats, how many farthings, pence, shillings, and guineas at 288.

Ans. 20144qrs. 5036d. 419s. 8d. and 14 guineas, 27s. 8d.

2. Borrowed 10 English gumeas at 28s. each, and 24 English crowns at 6s. and 8d. each; how many pistoles at 225. each will pay the debt?

Ans. 20. 3. Four men brought each 171. 10s. sterling value in gold into the mint, low many guineas at 21s. cach must they receive in return?

Ans. 66 guin. 14s. 4. A silversmithi received three ingots of silver, each weighing 27 ounces, with directions to make them into spoons of 2 oz. cups of 5 07. salts of 1 oz. and snuff boxes of 2 07. and deliver an equal nunber of each; what was the number?

Ans. 8 of each, and 1 oz. over. 5. Admit a ship's cargo from Bordeaux to be 250 pipes, 150 hhds. and 150 quarter casks ( } hhds.) how many gallons in ali ; allowing every pint to be a pound, what burden was the ship of? Ans. 44415 gals. and

the ship's burilen was 158 tons, 12cut. 2grs. 6. In 15 picces of cloth, each piece 20 yds. how many French Ells?

Ans. 200. 7. In 10 bales of cloth, each bale 12 pieces, and each piece 25 Flemish Ells, how many yards? Ans. 2250.

8. 'The forward wheels of a waggon are 145 feet in circunference, and the hind wheels 15 feet 9 inches, how many more times will the forwardi wheels turn round than the hind wheels, in running from Boston to New-Yorking it beiny 248 miles,

Ans. 7167. 9. How many times will a ship 97 feet 6 inches long, sail her length in the distance of 12800 leagues and ten yards

Ans. 2079508. 10. The sun is 95,000,000 of miles from the earth, and a cannon ball at its first discharge flies about a mile in 7 seconds ; how long would a canzon ball be, at that late in flying from here to the sun ?

Ans. 22yr. 216d. 12h. 40m. 11. The Sun travels through 6 signs of the Zodiac in half a year ; how many degrees, minutes and seconds ?

Ans. 180deg. 10800min. 648000sec. 12. Ilow many strokes dues a regular clock strike in 365 days, or a year?

Ans. 55940. 13. How long will it take to count a million at the rate of 50 a minute ? Ans. 333h. 20m. or 15d. 21h. 20m.

14. The national debt of England amounts to about 279 millions of pounds sterling; how long would it take to count this debt in dollars (4s. 6d. sterling) reckoning without intermission twelve hours a day at the rate of 50 dollars a minute, and 365 days to the year?

Ans. 94 years, 134 days, 5 hours, 20 min.

FRACTIONS. FRACTIONS, or broken numbers, are expressions for any assignable part of an unit or whole number, and in general) are of two kinds, viz.

VULGAR AND DECIMAL. A Vulgar Fraction, is represented by two numbers placed one above another, with a line drawn between them, thus, , , &c. signifies three-fourths, five-eights, &c.

The figure above the line, is called the numerator, and hat below it, the denominator, Thus,

S5 Numerator.

8 Denominator. The denominator (which is the divisor in division) shews how many parts the integer is divided into; and the numerator (which is the remainder after division) shews how

many of those parts are meant by the fraction. A fraction is said to be in its least or lowest terms, when it is expressed by the least numbers possible, as when reduced to its lowest terms will be h, and equal to , &c.

PROBLEM I. To abbreviate or reduce fractions to their lowest terms.

RULE. Divide the terms of tae given fraction by any number which will divide them without a remainder, an the quotients again in the same manner; and so on, tillit

appears that there is no number greater than. 1, which will divide them, and the fraction will be in its least terins

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EXAMPLES.

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235

1. Reduce to its lowest terms.

(3) (2) 8)114=1== the Answer. 2. Reduce 101 to its lowest terms.

Ans. 3. Reduce je to its lowest terms.

Aus, & 4. Reduce is to its lowest terms. Ans. 5. Abbreviate as much as possible.

Ans. 6. Reduce to its lowest ternis. Ans. 7. Reduce 144 to its lowest terms.

Ans. 8. Reduce 32 to its lowest terms.

Ans. 9. Reduce 111 to its lowest terms.

Ans. 10. Reduce to its lowest terms.

Aus. PROBLEM II. To find the value of a fraction in the known parts of the integer, as to coin, weight, measure, &c.

RÜLE. Multiply the numerator by the common parts of the integer, and divide by the denominator. &c. What is the value of of a pound sterling ?

Numer. 2

80 shillings in a pound. Denom. 3)40(13s. 4d. Ans.

3

EXAMPLES.

10
9

1 18

5)1204

12
2. What is the value of # of a pound sterling ?

Ans. 18s. 5d. 2grs. 3. Reduce of a shilling to its proper quantity.

Ans. 4 d. 4. What is the value of of a shilling? Ans. 4d. 5. What is value of t of a pound troy? Ans. 90%.

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