An Experimental Treatise on Optics: Comprehending the Leading Principles of the Science, and an Explanation of the More Important and Curious Optical Instruments and Optical Pheonomena; Being the Third Part of a Course of Natural Philosophy, Compiled for Use of the Students of the University at Cambridge, New England

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Hilliard and Metcalf, 1826 - 350 σελίδες

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Σελίδα 334 - The violet light was obtained in the usual manner, by means of a common prism, and was collected into a focus by a lens of a suffiOpt.
Σελίδα 305 - ... varies as the square of the cosine of the angle between the plane of transmission of the analyser and the plane of the polariser.
Σελίδα 334 - ... meridian at right angles. The focus of violet rays was carried slowly along the needle, proceeding from the centre towards one of the extremities, care being taken never to go back in the same direction, and never to touch the other half of the needle. At the end of -half an hour after the needle was exposed to the action of the violet rays, it was carefully examined, and it had acquired neither polarity nor any force of attraction ; but after continuing the operation twenty-five minutes longer,...
Σελίδα 337 - At all other angles also, when the sun's light was reflected from the surface, the color vanished with the inclination, and was equal at equal inclinations on either side. "This experiment affords a very strong confirmation of the theory. It is impossible to deduce any explanation of it from any hypothesis hitherto advanced ; and I believe it would be difficult to invent any other...
Σελίδα 337 - ... lines be placed near each other, they will facilitate the observation. If one of the lines be made to revolve round the other as an axis, the depression below the given plane will be as the sine of the inclination ; and while the eye and the luminous object remain fixed the difference of the length of the paths will vary as this sine. " The best subjects for the experiment are Mr. Coventry's exquisite micrometers; such of them as consist of parallel lines drawn on glass, at a distance of onefive-hundredth...
Σελίδα 225 - Having given the radius of an arc of any colour in the secondary rainbow, find the ratio of the sine of incidence to the sine of refraction when rays of that colour pass out of air into water.

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