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(Extract from 53rd Congress, 3rd Session. Senate-Ex.
Doc. No. 60.)
Telegram, Mr. Willis to Mr. Gresham, January 30, 1895.
Honolulu, January 30, 1895.
(San Francisco, February 6.) REVOLT over over 9th.
Casualties: Government, 1; Royalist 2. Court-martial convened 17th; has tried 38 cases; 200 more to be tried and daily arrests. Gulick, former Minister, and Seward, Minister, major in Federal army, both Americans, and Rickard, Englishman, sentenced to death; all heretofore prominent in politics. T. B. Walker, formerly in the United States army, imprisonment for life and $5,000 fine. Other sentences not disclosed, but will probably be death. Requested copies of record for our Government to determine its duty before final sentence, but no answer yet. Bitter feeling and threats of mob violence, which arrival of “Philadelphia yesterday may prevent. Liliuokalani made prisoner 16th; on 24th relinquished all claims and swore allegiance Republic, imploring clemency for Hawaiians. Government replies to Liliuokalani : “ This document can not be taken to exempt you in the slightest degree from personal and individual liability” for complicity in late conspiracy. Denies that she had any rights since the 14th January, 1893, when she attempted new constitution. * Fully appreciates her call to disaffected to recognise Republic and will give full consideration to her unselfish appeal for clemency” for participants.
ALBERT S. WILLIS.
MI r. Hawes to the Earl of Kimberley.
Honolulu, January 11, 1895. A SERIOUS rising of the Royalists, which for some time has been expected, took place on the night of the 6th instant, and has not yet been quelled. The movements of the Royalists were discovered before they were fully pre
them from joining their forces and seizing the town. The Royalists being defeated in this object took up positions in the hills and surrounding country, from which the Government forces have not yet been able to drive them completely out. No decisive battle has been fought, but several skirmishes have taken place, the numbers of killed and wounded on both sides being insignificant.
By the latest news this morning it appears the Royalists have disappeared from the positions the Government troops supposed them to be holding, and the efforts of the troops to discover the enemy have been fruitless. It is difficult to say what the real condition of the enemy is, but as several desertions and surrenders have taken place it may be concluded that their strength is broken, and the end of hostilities will be only a matter of time.
Another more serious matter that I must bring to the notice of your Lordship is the condition of affairs in this town.
On the morning of the 7th instant martial law was proclaimed and at once the town and its approaches were strictly guarded. The services of bands of adventurers and others were enlisted, and arms and ammunition were served out to all. Arrests were then freely made, and are still continued. I regret to say that the proportion of British subjects arrested is very large, and although I have expressed a hope that undue harshness will not be shown towards the British portion of the community, the Government have placed no check on the course that has been adopted. Added to this the detectives and police have shown an attitude of the most objectionable kind towards those who are British, respectable persons frequently being threatened with arrest for no cause whatever and sworn at most offensively in the open streets. I have brought this matter also to the notice of the Government, and though expressions of regret have been made nothing has been done to alter the state of affairs.
In connection with these arrests there is the question of keeping the prisoners in confinement without inquiry being made into the charges against them. I have told the Government that whilst I admit the right under martial law to arrest on suspicion and without warrant, I maintain that the prisoners are entitled to have their cases inquired into without unnecessary delar, and have
Considerable indignation has been excited here amongst the respectable classes on account of a report being prevalent that several of the prisoners would be executed.
The Government, in reply to my inquiry, would give me no assurance that capital punishment would not be carried out.
I mentioned that I thought such a course, if pursued, would be viewed very seriously by my Government.
It is much to be regretted that Čaptain May, of Her Majesty's ship “Hyacinth," would not comply with my urgent request for his ship to remain. The attitude towards British subjects would not have been what it is at the present moment had his ship been in the harbour. I feel that Captain May acted towards me in a manner quite unjustified by his position, it not being clear to me at all that he could not have used discretionary power had he pleased.
I have, &c.
A. G. S. HAWES,
The right of writ of habeas corpus is hereby suspended, and martial law is instituted and established throughout the Island of Oahu, to continue until further notice, during which time, however, the Courts will continue in session and conduct ordinary business as usual, except as aforesaid. By the President :
SANFORD B. DOLE,
J. A. KING,
General Headquarters, Republic of Hawaii, Adjutant
General's Office, Honolulu, Island of Oahu,
Special Order No. 25.
The officers composing the Commission are-
N.G.H. 3. Captain C. W. Ziegler, Company F, N.G.H. 4. Captain J. M. Camara, Jun., Company C, N.G.H. 5. Captain J. W. Pratt, Adjutant, N.G.H. 6. Captain W. C. Wilder, Jun., Company D, N.G.H. 7. First Lieutenant J. W. Jones, Company D, N.G.H. Captain William A. Kinney, Aide-de-camp on General Staff, Judge Advocate. By order of the Commander-in-chief.
JNO. H. SOPER.
Extract from 53rd Congress, 3rd Session,
Ex. Doc. 202, H.R.
Nr. Thurston to Jlr. Gresham.
several of the leaders and their remaining followers were fugitives in the mountains; that the British Commissioner at Honolulu (Mr. Hawes) has called upon the Government of Hawaii to give him assurances that no capital punishment will be inflicted upon the insurrectionists, there being fifteen Englishmen under arrest, which requested assurance the Government has refused to give.
I am also informed by Mr. Hatch, who is now in San Francisco, that he will return to Honolulu by the steamer “ Australia," the sailing of which has been postponed until Monday next.
From my knowledge of names, localities, and conditions, I believe the press despatches concerning the details of the insurrection to be substantially correct.
The subject of the presence of an American man-ofwar at Honolulu has been recently the subject of discussion in the press and elsewhere.
It does not lie within my province to suggest any course of action on the part of the United States concerning such subject. I feel, however, that it is due to your Government and to the large American population and property interests in Hawaii to state that, although the Government of Hawaii is, and will continue in the future as it has been in the past, fully able to maintain itself against the attacks of all domestic enemies, in view of the serious nature of the charges now pending against a large number of both foreigners and natives, and of other complicating conditions, the state of affairs at the islands is critical, as in the event of further insurrection or complication, although the Government will use every endeavour to protect foreign citizens and their property, it is not impossible that sudden contingencies may arise, or isolated acts of violence take place, against which the Government, with its limited police and military force, may temporarily be unable to afford protection. With renewed assurances of my high consideration,
I have, &c.
L. A. THURSTON.