« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
4. APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT.* 20 Grains
Scruple. Marked gr. E 3 Scruples
make 8 Drams
Ounce. 12 Ounces
5. CLOTH MEASURE. 2 Inches
Nail. Marked in. 4 Nails, or 9 Inches Quarter of a yard. qr. 4 quarters, or 36 In.
yd. 3. quarters, or 27 In. Ell Flemish. E. Fl. 5 quarters, or 45 In.
E. E. 6 quarters, or 45 In. Ell French. E. Fr. 4 qrtrs. I } In. or
Ell Scotch. E. Sc. 37 Inch. & 1 fifth 3 Qrs. & 2 thirds
( Spanish Var.
6. LONG MEASURE. 3 Barley corns
rinch. Marked bar. in. 12 Inches
yd. 5+Yds. or 161 feet. Rod, Perch, or Pole. pol. 40 Poles
fur. 3 Furlongs
mile. 59 Stat. miles nearly,
ŞDegree of a
SA great Circle 360 Degrees
of the Earth.
All the weights now used by Apothecaries, above grains, are Avoirdupois.
The Apothecaries' pound and ounce, and the pound and ounce 'Troy are the same, only differently divided and subdivided.
+ The use of long measure is to measure the distance of places, or any other thing, whire length is considered without regard to breadth.
Or in Measuring Distances. 7-908 Inches
1 Link. 25 Links
I Pole. 100 Links
I Chain. 10 Chains
i Furlong. 8 Furlongs
7. Time. 60 Seconds
Minute. Marked s. m. 60 Minutes
h. 24 Hours
d. 7 Days
Week. 4 Weeks
Month. 13 Mo. 1 day & 6 hours
yr. 8. LAND, or SQUARE MEASURE.
[ Square foot.
Yard. 30 Yards, or
Pole. 272 Feet
Rood. 4 Roods,or 160 Rods,
Acre. or 4840 yards 640 Acres
Note. 60 Geometrical miles make a Degree.---4 Inches a hand. ----5 Feet a Geometrical Pace. 6 Points make 1 Line, 12. Lines an Inch, 12 Inches a Foot, and 6 Feet one French Toise, or Fathom, equal to 6 Fect 4 Inches, 8,812875 Lines, English measure. i Eng. lih foot equal to 11 Inches, 3,1154 Lines, French.--66 Feet, or 4 Poles, make a Gunter's Chain.-3 Miles make a League.
* By the Calendar, the year is divided in the following manner. Thirty days hath September, April, June and November ; February twenty eight alone, and all the rest have thirty one.
When you can divide the year of our Lors by 4, without any remainder, it is then Biffextile, or Leap Year, in which February has 39 days.
10. WINE Measure.t 2 Pints
Quart. Marked pts. qts. 4 Quarts
gal. Ib Gallons
Anchor of Brandy. anc. 18 Gallons
Runlet. 31 Gallons
zhhd. 42 Gallons
tier. 63 Gallons
Hogshead. hhd. 2 Hogsheads
Pipe or Butt. P. or B. 2 Pipes
11. ALE or Beer MEASURE. I 2 Pints
pts. qts. 4 Quarts
gal. 8 Gallons
Firk.of Alein Lon. A. fir. 8 Gallons
Firkin of Ale or Beer. 9 Gallons
Fir. of Beer in Lon. B. fir. 2 Firkins
Kil. 2 Kilderkins
Bar. 1 Bar. or 45 Gall.
Hogshead of Beer. hhd. 2 Barrels
pun. 3 Bar, or 2 Hhd.
Butt. 12. Dry
By Solid measure are measured all things that have length, breadth and depth.
† All Brandies, Spirits, Perry, Cider, Mead, Vinegar, Honey, and Oil, are measured by Wine measure ; Honey is, commonly, fold by the pound avoirdupois.
Milk is sold by the Bcer quart.
Is the adding of several numbers together, having different denominations, as Pounds, Shillings, Pence, &c. Tons, Hundreds Quarters, &c.
1. Place the numbers so that those of the fame denom. ination
may stand directly under each other. 2. Add the first column or denomination together as in whole numbers; then divide the sum by as many of the fame denomination as make one of the next greater, setting down the remainder under the column, added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the laft, which add as in fimple addition.
* This measure is applied to all dry goods, as Corn, Seed, Fruit, Roots, Salt, Sand, Oysters and Coals.
A Winchester Bushel is 182 Inches diameter, and 8 Inches deep.