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4. APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT.* 20 Grains

Scruple. Marked gr. E 3 Scruples

Dram.

make 8 Drams

Ounce. 12 Ounces

Pound.

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5. CLOTH MEASURE. 2 Inches

Nail. Marked in. 4 Nails, or 9 Inches Quarter of a yard. qr. 4 quarters, or 36 In.

Yard.

yd. 3. quarters, or 27 In. Ell Flemish. E. Fl. 5 quarters, or 45 In.

E. E. 6 quarters, or 45 In. Ell French. E. Fr. 4 qrtrs. I } In. or

Ell Scotch. E. Sc. 37 Inch. & 1 fifth 3 Qrs. & 2 thirds

( Spanish Var.

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Ell English.

3 Feet

6. LONG MEASURE. 3 Barley corns

rinch. Marked bar. in. 12 Inches

Foot.

feet. Yard.

yd. 5+Yds. or 161 feet. Rod, Perch, or Pole. pol. 40 Poles

Furlong.

fur. 3 Furlongs

Mile,

mile. 59 Stat. miles nearly,

ŞDegree of a
great Circle

deg.

SA great Circle 360 Degrees

of the Earth.

Or

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All the weights now used by Apothecaries, above grains, are Avoirdupois.

The Apothecaries' pound and ounce, and the pound and ounce 'Troy are the same, only differently divided and subdivided.

+ The use of long measure is to measure the distance of places, or any other thing, whire length is considered without regard to breadth.

NOTE.

Or in Measuring Distances. 7-908 Inches

1 Link. 25 Links

I Pole. 100 Links

make

I Chain. 10 Chains

i Furlong. 8 Furlongs

I Milę.

W.

mo.

7. Time. 60 Seconds

Minute. Marked s. m. 60 Minutes

Hour.

h. 24 Hours

Day.

d. 7 Days

Week. 4 Weeks

Month. 13 Mo. 1 day & 6 hours

Julian year.

yr. 8. LAND, or SQUARE MEASURE.

[ Square foot.

Yard. 30 Yards, or

Pole. 272 Feet

Rood. 4 Roods,or 160 Rods,

Acre. or 4840 yards 640 Acres

144 Inches

9 Feet

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40 Poles

Mile.

9. SOLID

Note. 60 Geometrical miles make a Degree.---4 Inches a hand. ----5 Feet a Geometrical Pace. 6 Points make 1 Line, 12. Lines an Inch, 12 Inches a Foot, and 6 Feet one French Toise, or Fathom, equal to 6 Fect 4 Inches, 8,812875 Lines, English measure. i Eng. lih foot equal to 11 Inches, 3,1154 Lines, French.--66 Feet, or 4 Poles, make a Gunter's Chain.-3 Miles make a League.

* By the Calendar, the year is divided in the following manner. Thirty days hath September, April, June and November ; February twenty eight alone, and all the rest have thirty one.

When you can divide the year of our Lors by 4, without any remainder, it is then Biffextile, or Leap Year, in which February has 39 days.

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10. WINE Measure.t 2 Pints

Quart. Marked pts. qts. 4 Quarts

Gallon.

gal. Ib Gallons

Anchor of Brandy. anc. 18 Gallons

Runlet. 31 Gallons

Half hogshead.

zhhd. 42 Gallons

Tierce.

tier. 63 Gallons

Hogshead. hhd. 2 Hogsheads

Pipe or Butt. P. or B. 2 Pipes

Tun.

Tun.

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11. ALE or Beer MEASURE. I 2 Pints

Quart. Marked

pts. qts. 4 Quarts

Gallon.

gal. 8 Gallons

Firk.of Alein Lon. A. fir. 8 Gallons

Firkin of Ale or Beer. 9 Gallons

Fir. of Beer in Lon. B. fir. 2 Firkins

Kilderkin.

Kil. 2 Kilderkins

Barrel.

Bar. 1 Bar. or 45 Gall.

Hogshead of Beer. hhd. 2 Barrels

Puncheon.

pun. 3 Bar, or 2 Hhd.

Butt.

Butt. 12. Dry

make i

By Solid measure are measured all things that have length, breadth and depth.

† All Brandies, Spirits, Perry, Cider, Mead, Vinegar, Honey, and Oil, are measured by Wine measure ; Honey is, commonly, fold by the pound avoirdupois.

Milk is sold by the Bcer quart.

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Is the adding of several numbers together, having different denominations, as Pounds, Shillings, Pence, &c. Tons, Hundreds Quarters, &c.

R.U LE.

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1. Place the numbers so that those of the fame denom. ination

may stand directly under each other. 2. Add the first column or denomination together as in whole numbers; then divide the sum by as many of the fame denomination as make one of the next greater, setting down the remainder under the column, added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the laft, which add as in fimple addition.

1. Money.

* This measure is applied to all dry goods, as Corn, Seed, Fruit, Roots, Salt, Sand, Oysters and Coals.

A Winchester Bushel is 182 Inches diameter, and 8 Inches deep.

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DU I CH MONEY. 8 Phennings

Groat. 2 Groats, or 16 Phennings Stiver. 20 Stivers

Guilder or Flor.
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