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CHAPTER II

MULTIPLICATION – SHORT DIVISION – REVIEWS —

SIMPLE MEASURES

MULTIPLICATION

170. Oral Questions.

1. Rose had 2 oranges, and Mary had twice as many oranges as Rose had; how many did Mary have ?

2. Ida had 3 pears, and Kate had 3 pears; how many did both have ? 3+3= ? How many are twice 3?

3. How many pages are on 3 leaves ? 4. How many are 3 times 2?

5. John had 4 marbles and George had twice as many; how many marbles did George have? 4+4=?

6. If you have 4 pockets with 2 marbles in each, how many marbles do you have ?

7. If you have 2 pockets with 4 marbles in each, how many marbles do you have ?

71. The sign of Multiplication is X.

It is read “ times,” or “multiplied by.”
The sign for dollars is $, as, $5.

2x $5 is read, Two times five dollars.
$5x 2 is read, Five dollars multiplied by two.

72. Written Exercises.

13 13 (Multiplicand] Multiply 13 by 2. +13 2 [Multiplier7

26 26 [Product] 2 times 3 are 6. Write the 6 under the multiplier in the units' place. 2 times 1 are 2. Write the 2 in the tens' place. 13+13=26; or 2 x 13=26.

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174. Oral Questions.

1. How many pages are on 4 leaves ? 2+2+2+2=? How many are 4 times 2 ?

2. How many cents are in 2 nickels? 5+5=? How many are twice 5?

3. How many pages are on 5 leaves ? 2+2+2+2+ 2= ? How many are 5 times 2 ?

4. How many work-days are in 2 weeks? 6+6=? How many are twice 6 ?

5. How many sleeves do 6 coats have ? Six twos make how many? How many are 6 times 2 ?

6. How many days are there in 2 whole weeks? How many are twice 7 ?

7. How many wheels do 7 carts have ? Seven twos added together make how many? How many are 7 times 2?

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76. Written Problems.

1. There are 3 horses in the stable, and twice as many in the pasture; how many horses in all ? How many are ? <3 added to 3 ?

2. There are 2 cows in the pasture, and 3 times as many in the lot; how many cows in all ? 2+3x2= ?

3. James has 4 marbles, and Tom has twice as many; how many marbles do both boys have ?

177. Liquid Measure.

2 pints = 1 quart.
4 quarts = 1 gallon. IP AV

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4. A cow gave 7 quarts of milk ; how many pints did she give?

1 qt. = 2 pt.

7 qt. = 7x2 pt. 5. A man sold 5 gallons of milk; how many quarts did he sell ?

1 gal. = 4 qt.

5 gal. =5x4 qt. 6. How many pints are in 4 quarts and 1 pint? 1+ 2x4=?

7. A cart has 2 wheels, a wagon has twice as many wheels as a cart, and a freight car has twice as many wheels as a wagon ; how many wheels do all three have ? 78. Oral Problems.

1. Mr. Brown gave 2 bushels of corn to a poor man, and gave 4 times as many bushels to another; how many bushels of corn did he give in all ? 2+4x2= ?

2. Lewis wrote 6 letters, Mary wrote 2, and James wrote twice as many as Mary; how many letters did all write ?

3. In the stable there are 2 white horses, and twice as many black ones; in the pasture there are 14 horses; how many more horses are in the pasture than in the stable?

4. John walked 6 miles one day, and twice as many miles the next day; how many miles did he walk in the 2 days ?

5. One flag has 7 red stripes and 6 white stripes; how many red stripes do 2 flags have? How many white stripes do 2 flags have? How many stripes of both colors do 2 flags have?

6. If a shoemaker can make 2 pairs of shoes in 1 day, how many pairs can he make in 8 days ? How many shoes can he make in 3 days?

7. Tom has 8 pecans, and Will has twice as many as Tom ; how many has Will? How many do both boys have?

8. Lee had 3 fine ducks; he let James have each duck for 4 pigeons; how many pigeons did he get for his ducks? 4+4+4=? How many pigeons are 3 times 4 pigeons ?

9. Fred spent 5 cents for a pen, and twice as much for an inkstand ; how much did he spend for both ?.

10. George walks 2 miles to school; how far does he walk in 3 days going to and coming from school ?

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