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162. Oral Questions.

1. How many are twice 20, added to half of 20 ? How much is half of 20, subtracted from twice 20 ?

2. How much is half of 40 ? Half of 20? How many are 40 = 2 ? 20= 2 =? 40 - 4= ?

3. How many quarters make a dollar ? How many quarters make a half-dollar ?

4. How many cents are in a quarter of a dollar? How many cents are in half of a half-dollar ?

5. John has 8 fingers, and one fourth as many thumbs; how many thumbs and fingers has he?

6. Lucy found 4 eggs, and Rose found one fourth as many; how many did they both find ?

7. Tom has 4 marbles, and George has 3 times one fourth as many; how many has George ?

8. How many dimes are in 20 cents ? ; of 20 =? How many nickels are in 20 cents ? ; of 20= ?

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165. Written Problems. — Miscellaneous.

1. If Mary shares her 72 chestnuts equally with her 4 brothers and 4 sisters, how many chestnuts does she keep?

2. One end of a bridge stretches 50 feet over the land ; the other end stretches 40 feet over the land ; the middle part stretches 52 feet over the water; how long is the bridge ?

3. In a journey from home John rode 36 miles per day for 5 days; how far from home was he at the end of the fifth day?

4. A farmer raised 180 bushels of wheat on 9 acres ; how many bushels did he raise per acre (average) ?

5. From a cistern containing 1500 gallons of water, 35 gallons is used daily for 8 days; how many gallons remain ?

6. How many full weeks are there in 365 days?

7. How many miles can a railroad train run in 12 hours, if it run 25 miles per hour ?

8. At what rate per hour does a train run 150 miles in 6 hours ?

9. If a cow gives each day 5 quarts of milk at night, and 6 quarts in the morning, how many quarts does she give in 4 days?

10. A merchant has three clerks; to one he pays 125 dollars per month, to another 95 dollars per month, and to the third 75 dollars per month ; how much to the three ?

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170. Oral Questions.

1. What part of $1 is 50 cents ? What part of $1 is $.25? What part of $.50 is $.25?

2. Mary has $.25, and Lucy has $.25; what part of a dollar have they both ?

3. How many cents is one fourth of $.20? of $.12?

4. If 2 boys share equally $.50, what will each have ? If 4 boys share equally $1, what will each have ?

5. A teacher bought 8 books at a quarter of a dollar each; how much did he pay?

6. A man paid $.25 apiece for 6 packages of postal cards; how much did he pay for all ?

171. $.25 means twenty-five cents. $1.25 means 1 dollar and 25 cents. The dot between dollars and cents is called the Decimal Point.

172. Written Exercises.

1. Write in figures two dollars and twenty-five cents.
2. Add $22.50, $32.50, $42.50.
3. Subtract $12.50 from $18.75.
4. Multiply $5.25 by 5.
5. Divide $155.55 by 5.

173. Written Exercises. — Topical.

Find' sums :

I. . 2.
$9.50 $6.25 $3.60 $2.90
4.85 4.95 7.35 7.15
7.25 5.45 4.15 8.75
3.55 1.80 9.10 6.50
6.80 7.15 8.05 4.00

7.20 8.50 2.25 9.20
$ . $ . $ . $ .

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