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It is much to be regretted that a flaw in the title to some land, and an original fault in the choice of situation, should have deprived the important town of Bala of the advantage of a good Church school; but it is to be hoped that the measures, now contemplated for remedying this evil, will be crowned with There is a lack of good schools throughout this county; and
a though the clergy are exerting themselves to supply this deficiency, their efforts must be aided by the gentry and landowners, if they are to effect what is proposed.
MONTGOMERY. In this county, the principal towns, Newtown, Llanidloes, Welshpool, Machynlleth and Llanfyllin, are all supplied with good schools under Government inspection; and in several of the country parishes similar institutions of a fair character are well supported. It is in fact a prosperous part of Wales, with a happy admixture of manufacturing industry and agricultural skili: there is a good body of resident gentry, liberally disposed to promote education; and the clergy are well seconded in their endeavours to instruct the people. I have been particularly pleased with the cheerful spirit that. animates the schools named above, and I anticipate within a few years, finding them far more effective than their original supporters ever contemplated
There is one feature almost peculiar to this county, in the existence of several valuable endowments attached to parish schools. A sum of money bestowed in this way gives a character of permanence and independence to a school, which it is difficult by other means to attain : and if the charitably disposed were to reflect, more commonly than they do, upon the wide-extended good which money bequeathed for educational purposes is likely to effect, I am persuaded that testamentary donations to schools would be of much more frequent occurrence.
The schools lie on the skirts of this county, as the large towns do, rather than in the interior. It should be to the education of the smaller and more remote villages of this highly beautiful district, that the attention of its gentry should be in future principally directed.
PEMBROKE. This county, though equal neither in extent, nor in population, nor in wealth to Glamorgan, may yet stand a fair comparison with it in point of intelligence and of educational progress. I have met with many excellent schools in it, and they are supported with no less zeal and liberality than in the other extremity of South Wales. The centre of life and activity in Pembrokeshire is Her Majesty's Dockyard, near Pembroke ; and here there are two first-rate schools, under the special superintendence of the naval authorities, which stand in point of excellence next after the schools of Sir John Guest at Dowlais. I found no less than eleven pupil-teachers in these two schools, and the whole institution was carried on with a spirit of regularity and smartness, that told unerringly of the quarter from whence the main impulse and the controlling guidance came. In fact, some or other of the superior officers of Her Majesty's Dockyard are constant in their visits to these schools: the children mostly belong to the artizans employed on the naval works: the most promising of the boys are commonly elected into the School of Naval Apprentices; and it may be readily conceived that the whole character of the instruction given, as well as of the discipline observed, is very high. My visit of inspection to these schools caused me the greatest satisfaction.
At Warren, in this county, is the Agricultural School, established by the Earl of Cawdor; and this place is well worthy of a visit from those who are interested in the working of such schools. Whenever a proper master shall be found, the success of this school will fully justify the liberality of the noble founder.
The same nobleman maintains a good school at Stackpole for the use of the inhabitants; and this institution enjoys the honour and the advantage of being continually visited and superintended by the Countess of Cawdor, and other members of his Lordship’s family.
Model schools have just been erected at Haverfordwest, by aid of a grant from their Lordships of the Committee of Council; and it is to be expected, from the importance of the town and district where they are situated, that they will attain an honourable rank amongst similar institutions.
At Burton, Uzmaston, and Narberth, the schools under Government inspection are in a satisfactory condition; much aided in their maintenance by the generosity of the resident gentry: while at Rhydberth, in this part of the county, is the school which I have already had occasion to point out for special notice in a former part of this Report.
One of the best infant schools that I have met with in my district is at Tenby, where it has the advantage of being superintended by an active and discerning committee.
There is a good school at Cilgerran, in the northern part of Pembrokeshire; and I have heard of several others on the point of formation or resuscitation.
RADNOR. In this county there are only two schools at present included in my official list; but of one of these, at Knighton, I am happy to be able to report in favourable terms. It is daily superintended by the parochial clergyman.
The other, at Presteign, is an old foundation school, but I hardly know enough of its condition to be able to give a fair opinion upon its merits.
TRAINING SCHOOL, CARMARTHEN. Part of my duties as Inspector involved a visitation of the Training School at Carmarthen, and an examination of its students as candidates for Exhibitions. This took place early in the month of April, and lasted for one week. At that time I found the college, though in its infancy, yet in full work, and tending to produce results which cannot but be of serious importance to the intellectual well-being of the whole principality. A Special Report has been already submitted to you on this subject ; but I may here briefly state the fact, that out of 30 students then in residence, two-thirds came forward as candidates on the recommendation of the Principal and Professors, and that 12 out of these were deemed worthy to receive Exhibitions. These young men acquitted themselves well in the usual subjects proposed for examination ; and, as I understand from the Principal of that institution, have since continued to labour at their studies with the most praiseworthy assiduity.
It is indeed a noble institution, which reflects great credit on the liberality of its royal and noble founders and benefactors, and is constituted on a scale sufficient to train masters for the whole principality
Their Lordships of the Committee of Council on Education were pleased to grant a sum of 2001. for the remuneration of the Exhibitioners, and several other exhibitions have been founded in it from various sources; so that considerable aid is now given to young men who may be able to qualify themselves for attaining these advantages.
The college is indebted for its success to the learning, judgment, and assiduity of the Principal and Professors, as much as to any other cause. These gentlemen devote themselves entirely to the service of the students. They are constantly present and working with them; and, owing to the admirable arrangements made by the committee of superintendence and the Rev. William Reed, Principal of the Institution, the young men feel themselves, as it were, constituted into one large and well-regulated family. The lessons of good order, of comfort, of cleanliness, of domestic and agricultural management, which they here learn, will assuredly not be thrown away upon them when they embark on more active scenes of life as parochial schoolmasters. One of the main objects of collegiate institutions, that of elevating the moral and social character of the students, seems to be here fully attained; and it may be anticipated that the students, on going into the remoter villages of Wales, will be the means of diffusing ideas of civilization and improvement, and will become examples to the parents as well as to the children of their respective parishes.
I annex a brief Report on this Training School (in compiling which I have been kindly aided by the Principal), together with tables of the General Rules and Regulations of admission and payment.
NATIONAL SOCIETY'S ORGANIZING MASTERS. It would be an ungracious omission on my part, and one which I could not willingly be guilty of, were I to let pass
this opportunity of expressing my sense of the eminent services rendered to the cause of education throughout this district by the organizing masters of the National Society, Mr. Tearle and Mr. Ingram. With the former of these gentlemen I have had the honour of being in close and frequent co-operation, and I have derived considerable aid from his friendly intervention and advice. I have not the honour of being personally acquainted with the latter ; but I have found traces of his good work in numerous schools that I have visited, and have had reason to admire many of the improvements effected on his suggestions. Mr. Tearle has now quitted this sphere of duty, and is a student at Cambridge, with a view of entering into holy orders. I do not know how the National Society will be able to fill up the blank which his absence must necessarily create. I consider the employment of organizing masters one of the most judicious methods in which the funds of the Society have been hitherto expended ; and I would, with great deference to that body, venture to throw out the following idea, suggested to me by one of the most judicious promoters of education within the principality. Although the Training School at Carmarthen is under the superintendence of a Principal and two Professors, it would be highly desirable to attach to it, as part of its staff, an organizing master for the southern counties, or, perhaps, one for each diocese. Such an officer should have his rooms, commons, and head quarters in the building, and should have the greatest part of his time occupied in making his organizing circuits amongst the country schools ; but at other periods he might remain advantageously at the Training School itself, and instruct the students in those minutiæ of teaching which his knowledge of the country, and of the circumstances of the inhabitants, would commonly suggest. In fact, the establishment seems hardly complete withcut the presence of such an officer.
Again, it would be for the good of many schoolmasters at the present moment (for this want must exist until the training system shall have supplied a sufficient number of regularly educated men for all the country schools), if a few advanced studsent could be attached to the Institution, in such a manner that they might be sent out, as occasion should require, to supply, ad interim, the places of masters, who might be deficient in knowledge, and who might be glad of an opportunity to go, for a certain period, to the Training School, in order to study and to be examined.
GENERAL EXAMINATIONS OF MASTERS AND MISTRESSES FOR
CERTIFICATES OF MERIT.
With the results of these examinations, four in number within my district, their Lordships have already been acquainted, and have acted upon them. I wish merely to point out here one or two circumstances connected with them.
The number of candidates among the masters of Welsh schools, who came into the examination-rooms at Swansea and Welshpool, was 17 and 25 respectively; and of these 17 ob. tained certificates of merit, viz. :2nd Class (2 in the 2nd Class, 2nd Division.
3rd The total number of certificates of merit granted for England and Wales at these examinations was 123, so that the proportion of masters of Welsh schools obtaining certificates to those of English schools was as 17 to 123: or more than 1 to 6; whereas the proportion of the population of Wales to that of England is about 1 to 16.
Again, on the well-intended representations of several clergymen in Wales, their Lordships of the Committee of Council on Education had been pleased to allow of papers in the Welsh language being substituted for others of the usual course given to candidates. On coming, however, into the examination rooms, and on being informed by me of this kind regulation made in their favour, the masters expressed, in suitable language, their gratitude for the kindness intended, but at the same time declared their hope that they should not have to avail themselves of it. Now, I need only appeal to their examination papers, which have been already laid before their Lordships, for a proof of these masters having taken in their full proportion of all the papers proposed, exclusively of those in the Welsh language, and of their having acquitted themselves therein with considerable credit.
My own impression is, that, at the next general examination,