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Cherryhinton, after his wife's death, and payment of certai annuities, for Exhibitions for poor Scholars.
These Exhibitions are now four in number, each £20 pe annum, and tenable for one year after admission to the degree o B.A. They are in the gift of the Master.
1711. Peter Parham, Esq., gave £6 yearly for an Exhi bition.
1750. Sir Thomas Gooch, Bart., D.D., Bishop of Ely gave £4 a year for an Exhibition, which is in the gift of the Master.
John Mickleburgh, M.A., formerly Professor Chemistry from 1718-1756 in the University, founded a Scho larship for the best proficient in Chemistry. Its present annua value is £20, and is tenable for one year.
A second Scholarship, for proficiency in Chemistry, has been founded from the funds of the College, and is of the same value, and tenable for the same time.
1742. The Rev. Bartholomew Wortley, sometime fellow of the College, and afterwards Rector of Bratton Fleming, in Devonshire, founded three Bye-fellowships, of which one is appropriated to a native of North Devon, or a son of the Rector of Bratton Fleming, and another to a native of Norfolk. He also founded three Exhibitions, each of the present value of £18 per annum.
On the 23rd of February every year, at the Commemora tion of Mr Wortley, a speech in English is delivered on some literary or philosophical subject by one of the Fellows on his foundation.
1754. Christopher Tancred, Esq., of Whixley Hall, in Yorkshire, founded four Studentships in Medicine, and appointed seven official governors and trustees who are the elec tors to these studentships.
A Tancred student is obliged to enter the College within a month from the time of his election; or to remove thither, if he be a member of any other College. He is required to take the degree of M.B. as soon as he is of sufficient standing for it, and he may hold his studentship for three years after his admission to that degree.
In 1796, the annual value of each of these studentships was about £75, it is now £113. 8s.
On Oct. 21, every year, a Latin Speech is delivered by one of the Tancred Students, in perpetual remembrance of the foundation.
1774 (?) Charles Moss, D.D., Bishop of Bath and Wells, gave the annual sum of £5 for an Exhibition to be held by a student till he is of the standing of M.A.
1774. Dr Schuldham left annually to the College £10 for a piece of plate, to be given to one of the commencing Bachelors of Arts who may be deemed most worthy.
1803. In this year died Richard Fisher Belward, D.D., Master of the College, and left ten shares in the Grand Junction Canal to the College, on condition that from the dividends after the death of a relative, which occurred in 1842, four Exhi bitions of £14 each yearly should be paid to four poor scholars, born in Norfolk; and £4 for other objects; also, that the excess above £60 should go to increase the Master's stipend. The excess above £60 was received for four half years by the Master, and then vanished. At the present time the dividends are not sufficient to pay each scholar £14 a year.
1830. John Sayer, M.A., formerly a senior fellow of the College, founded two Scholarships, each of the value of £52. 108. per annum, for scholars elected by the governors of Harrow School, tenable for four years.
1852. The Rev. C. Smith, M.A., late fellow of the College, and Rector of Denver, bequeathed funds for founding a Fellowship, and for other uses.
1854. The present society consists of the Master, twelve Senior Fellows, and seventeen Bye-fellows. The election to vacant Fellowships is vested in the Master and Seniors, and the practice of the College is to select the most distinguished of the scholars, except in such cases where restrictions limit the candidates to particular localities.
The Scholars are elected by the Master and the twelve Seniors. In the Statutes, among other qualifications of candidates for Scholarships, the electors are directed to ascertain: “An sint proborum morum, an bonæ indolis et spei, an ingeniosi,
an dociles, an diligentes. Qui his qualitatibus præditi sunt, habiles sunto: cæteri inhabiles. Cujus rei judicium esto penes custodem et majorem sociorum partem sine affectione aut largitione aut corruptione aliqua, quas maxime damnamus in electionibus, ne improbi, contentiosi et inepti assumantur, et omnis mali semina jactentur et probi rejiciantur, et si qui ambiant (ut fere fit) literis et virtutibus ambiant, non favoribus." The literary and scientific merits of the candidates are determined by the College examinations, and principally by the University examinations. The examination in Theology and Classics takes place at the end of the Lent Term, and the examination in Mathematics, Moral Philosophy, and Theology, at the division of the Easter Term.
The Scholarships are tenable till Lady Day after the B.A. degree; but in case of a Scholar obtaining a first class in the Mathematical or Classical Tripos, or a second class in both triposes, he retains his Scholarship either till he is elected into a Fellowship, or till the Lady Day preceding his admission to the degree of M.A.
The Exhibitions are in the gift of the Master, or of the Master and Fellows. They are given for merit in the exami nations, and may be held with Scholarships.
In addition to the Scholarships and Exhibitions, prizes of Books are given from the College funds after the annual College examinations: viz.
Two prizes of books, one of the value of 5 guineas, and one of 3 guineas, are given to the two Freshmen, and two prizes of the same value to the two Junior Sophs, who are judged to have most distinguished themselves in Classics and Mathematics, separately.
An Exhibition of £10 is given to that Junior Soph who is placed first in order of merit at the examination in Moral Philosophy.
Two prizes of books of the value of £3 and £2 are given to the two Senior Sophs who have exhibited the most sound and accurate knowledge in the Theological subjects of the College examination.
The Ecclesiastical Patronage of the College consists of the right of presentation to eighteen Church livings.
FOUNDED 1350, A.D.
WILLIAM BATEMAN, a native of the city of Norwich, and afterwards bishop of Norwich, obtained a charter in the 24th year of Edward III. for founding a College, which in the Letters of Foundation is designed to be "unum perpetuum Collegium Scholarium Juris Canonici et Civilis-ad cultusque divini ae Scientiæ Canonicæ et Civilis, Universitatisque Cantabrigiensis augmentum, necnon ad commodum, regimen et directionem reipublicæ, et specialiter dictæ nostræ ecclesiæ nostræque diœceseos Norvicensis." In 1352 bishop Bateman gave the Statutes for the government of the College, which in the same year were confirmed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and afterwards by the University.
The Statutes declare that he designed the College to consist of a master, 20 fellows (Canonista et Legista), besides two or three scholars; but dying at Avignon in 1355, before he had completed his designed Foundation, the endowments he left were only found sufficient for the maintenance of a master, 3 fellows and 2 scholars.
The Statutes declare that when the number of fellows amounts to 20, of these 10 at least shall be Legistæ, and 7 at least Canonistæ, so that if at any time the Legistæ changed their study to that of Canon Law there shall not be more than 10 Canonista at most, and in want of Canonist fellows, 13 Legista at most. The Canonist fellows are required to enter into Holy Orders. In election to fellowships preference is to be given:-1. To scholars of the College. 2. To scholars of the Hall of Annunciation. 3. To scholars from the Norwich diocese. 4. To scholars from the University of Cambridge or any other University; and the poorer are to be chosen, cæteris paribus, before the richer scholars. There are no restrictions laid down with respect to the election of scholars. According to the Founder's additional Statute, two were to be elected as soon as convenient, and the number was to be increased to seven when the College had sufficient means. They were to study the Civil Law and to read the Sacred Scriptures in mensa,
besides to attend to some menial duties: and they were receive "pro omnibus necessariis," three marks per annum.
In the 37th year of Henry VIII. the College was visit by Archbishop Parker and others, by whom a Declaratio Stat Collegii was drawn up, by which it appears that the vario fellows were Presbyters, Canonistæ and Legistæ. At th period the granting of degrees in Canon Law and its publ study were prohibited by the king: by which means all t injunctions in the Statutes of the College referring to th Canonista became impracticable.
The Canonist combined the characters of priest and lawye and the profession having ceased to exist which admitted suc combination, it became necessary for the College to decide whe the Canonist fellows were to become. Thenceforth, with th exception of two Presbyters, they became Legista or Civilista though in the time of Queen Mary the Canoniste reappear.
The Acts of Henry VIII, with respect to the Canon Law were repealed by Queen Mary, but were re-enacted in the firs year of Queen Elizabeth.
The annual revenue of Trinity Hall as reported by the Com missioners of Henry VIII. was £119. 2s.
An Act of Parliament was obtained (probably through the influence of Archbishop Parker) in the first year of Elizabeth confirming the title of the College to its possessions against "all cavillation."
1508. Robert Goodnape gave certain lands and tenements to the College, to found and maintain with the proceeds one fellow, to be in priests' orders, according to the special Statutes framed by the master and fellows, of the date 1508. He is required to observe the Founder's Statutes, and is to have perfectly equal rights with every other fellow and priest.
1518. Walter Hewke by will gave certain tenements in Cambridge to the master and fellows, on condition that they maintain one perpetual priest secular, who is to have all manner of rights, &c. in the said College as any other canonist, priest, and fellow hath or shall have in time to come-yearly in all things. He is to study Civil or Canon Law, or both, to the intent that he may proceed to the doctorate.