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qui non tenent, eos videmus vel difficultate rei vel desperatione sui debilitatos, a discendo abhorrere, et vix ad mediocritatem pervenire."
Between the years 1599 and 1602, the second court was erected, the expense being for the most part defrayed by Mary, Countess of Shrewsbury. About 1671, the space of ground between the second court and the river was made the site of a smaller court, now usually called the third court. The north side of this court, forming the Library, had however been erected in 1624, principally at the cost of Dr John Williams, bishop of Lincoln and Lord Keeper, afterwards archbishop of York.
In 1826 the College commenced, and in 1830 completed, the erection of a New Court, and united the older buildings of the College by a covered bridge over the river. The cost of these buildings was £77,878. Os. 2d., of which £13,369. 16s. 7d. remained to be liquidated in 1851.
1511. Sir Marmaduke Constable, about the time of the foundation of the College, endowed a Fellowship for a person in priest's orders, and a native of the county of York, with a preference to those of his name and kindred. At the same time he also endowed four Scholarships, under the following restrictions:-"The said four scholars or disciples for Sir Marmaduke Constable shall be taken and chosen of such as shall be of the name and kindred of the said Sir Marmaduke, if any such be able in the University of Cambridge. If none such can be found, then they shall be elect and chosen of such as are born, or hereafter shall be born within the county of York, or the diocese of the same. And for default of such, they shall be elect and chosen of such as be most able and apt in the University of Cambridge, after the discretion of the master and fellows." 1516. John Riplingham, D.D., chantor of Beverley, gave £100 to found two scholarships for natives of Yorkshire.
1520. Rev. James Beresford, canon of Lichfield, and vicar of Chesterfield and Wirksworth, founded two Fellowships. The limitations of candidates for these fellowships are, 1. They shall be of the name and kindred of the said James Beresford; 2. In default of the former class, persons born in the parishes of
Chesterfield, Wirksworth and Ashbourne, in the county of Der or Alconsfield in the county of Stafford; 3. In default of the persons born within the counties of Derby and Stafford ; 01 default of such, to choose the most able and apt within the s University of Cambridge, after the form of the Statutes of said College.
Mr Beresford founded also two Scholarships, under the sa restrictions.
1521. Robert Ducket, parson of Chevening, founded i Scholarships. One scholarship is limited to Keyingham Holderness; and in default, to some part of the same; and default, to the county of York, with a preference to the vicini of Holderness. The second scholarship is limited to Cheveni Senock, Sandridge, Shoreham and Ford in Kent, and in defau to the county of York.
1525. John Dowman, LL.D., archdeacon of Suffolk, re dentiary of St Paul's, &c. founded five Scholarships. The nom nation of the five scholars was originally vested in the Ward and Brethren of the Guild of the Name of Jesus, &c., in tl parish-church of Pocklington. On the dissolution of the guil by an Act of Parliament in the sixth year of Edward VI., tl nomination of the scholars was conferred on the schoolmaste vicar, &c. of Pocklington. In making the nomination, a priorit is given to candidates born in Yorkshire, especially such as ar of the name and kin of the founder. In default of these scholars of Pocklington school are to be taken, provided they be properly qualified, with a recommendation in favour o persons born near the places where the property given to the College by this founder is situate.
Dr Dowman also gave £140 for nine poor Scholars, called Sizars (sizatores). These nine are called proper Sizars.
1526. Mr Halitreholme paid to the College £120 to found one Fellowship, with the following limitation :-"That the said fellow be born naturally within the town of Beverley, if any such can be found graduate and able, or else in any place nigh about Beverley, in all the county of York next adjacent to the same; and that the said fellow be a priest at the time of his election, or within twelve months next ensuing at the farthest."
1526. Lady Jane Rokeby, relict of Mr Richard Rokeby, gave £170 to found one Fellowship. It is provided in the deed, that the said fellow be a native of the town of Beverley, if any such be found able within the University at the time of the election; and in failure, then a native of the county of York. And if no such person be found able within the University at the time of election, then the master, fellows, and scholars of St John's College shall elect the said fellow born elsewhere, as they shall think fit, after their discretion. The fellow elected must be in priest's orders, or within six months after his election.
1527. Mr John Bayley, yeoman of Syrescote in the county of Stafford, gave £115 to found a Fellowship, thus limited :— "Provided alway, that the said fellow be naturally born in the parish of Tamworth, or else in the county of Stafford; or for default of such persons, in any place within the county of Derby. And if there can be found no scholar graduate within the said University, born within the said places, then the said fellow shall be chosen of such persons as be naturally born within the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield only, and no other where. And the said fellow shall be a priest, at the age of 24 years, or within twelve months after." The stipend of this fellowship was augmented 13s. 4d. per annum by Nicholas Ayard, gentleman, of Dunstal, the executor to Mr Bayley, May 1, in the second year of Edward VI, and £17 were paid for that augmentation.
1528. Edward Gregson, D.D., rector of Fladbury in Woreestershire, founded two Fellowships; one for a person born in the county of Norfolk, and the other born in the county of Lancaster.
He also founded one Scholarship for a person born in the county of Lancaster, with a preference to the town and parish of Preston, in the hundred of Amounderness, and in default of such, a second preference is given to vicinity to this parish.
Mr Gregson gave £329. 13s. 4d. to the College for the foundation of the Scholarship and two Fellowships.
1530. Rev. Robert Simpson, rector of Layer Marney, Essex, gave £120 to found one Fellowship under the following
restrictions:- "Provided always that the said fellow be nat rally born within the counties of Cumberland, Northumberlan Westmoreland or Richmondshire, if any such able in learni and manners can be found within the Universities of Cambrid and Oxford, preferring always Cumberland. If none such can found able in the Universities aforesaid, then the said fellow be elect of the most singular in manners and learning that ca be gotten in the University aforesaid, of what county or shi soever they be." It is also provided, that the College sha forfeit to Christ College and to Catherine Hall, twenty shillin for every month that this fellow shall not be chosen and a mitted.
1533. John Keton, D.D., canon of Salisbury, and arch deacon of Leicester, gave £400 to found two Fellowships an two Scholarships. The fellows and scholars are to be elect an chosen of those persons that be, or have been choristers of th chapel of Southwell, if any such able persons in learning an manners can there be found; and in default of such person there, then of such persons as have been choristers of the sai chapel of Southwell, which persons be then inhabitant or abid ing in the University of Cambridge; and if none such be foun able in the University aforesaid, then the said fellows an scholars to be elect and chosen of such persons as be mos singular in manners and learning, of what county soever they be, that be then abiding in the said University.
1534. William Fell, D.D., archdeacon of Nottingham, founded one Fellowship, to be held by a person born at Furness Fells, in the county of Lancaster, if any such able person in manners and learning be found in the University of Cambridge; if not, then the fellow to be chosen of such persons as be most singular in manners and learning, of what county soever they be, then abiding in the University.
Dr Fell also founded two Scholarships, subject to the same restrictions.
1535. Thomas Thimbleby, "Doctor of the Decrees," founded one Fellowship, subject to the following limitations:— first to a person of his own name and kindred, if any such able in manners and learning be found in the University, or if his
kin be poor and have little exhibition, and be virtuous, and disposed to learning. In default of such, then the fellow to be chosen of such able persons as be, or have been choristers of the church of Tattersall, and born in the county of Lincoln. If none such can be found, then the said fellow shall be elect of such persons as shall be thought most singular in manners and learning in Cambridgeshire, or in default, of any county whatever, that be then abiding in the University.
Dr Thimbleby also founded one Scholarship, subject to the same restrictions; and gave to the College, for the maintenance of his foundation, plate, &c. of the value of £180.
1537. Hugh Ashton, archdeacon of York, bequeathed £800 to the College, to found four Fellowships and four Scholarships. The election of the fellows is limited according to the following proviso:-" Provided always, that two of the said fellows shall be elected and chosen of such as be naturally born within the county of Lancaster, and in default of such persons, then of such persons as be naturally born within the diocese of Chester, being and abiding in the said University. And one of the said fellows shall be elect and chosen of such persons as be naturally born within the county of York, and for default of such persons, of such as shall be naturally born within the diocese of York. And one of the said fellows shall be elect and chosen of such persons as be naturally born within the bishoprick of Durham, or in default of such persons, those that be naturally born within the diocese of Durham." The four Scholarships are subject to the same restrictions.
1537. Roger Lupton, D.D., gave £1000 to the master and fellows of St John's College, and it was agreed that they should make certain statutes and ordinances for two Fellows and eight Scholars born in England, to be maintained over and above the scholars instituted by the foundress of the College; and that the two Fellows and eight Scholars should come to the College instructed for at least one year from the grammar-school of Sedbergh.
The two fellowships are limited according to the terms of the following proviso :-" Provided always that the said two fellows be elected of those persons which be now scholars of