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they should go out Masters of Arts, provided they do so wit] eight years from their admission.
1672. Edmund Mountstephen, Esq., of Paston, Northam tonshire, sometime student of the College, left £1000 towa] purchasing lands for the foundation of two Fellowships and t Scholarships. The College with this and other money, the
g of Mr Highlord, purchased lands in Rutlandshire, which lanı afterwards by the civil wars, by clearing the title and oth means sunk in their value. Whereupon the College came an agreement, that in lieu of the two fellowships and schola ships, the College should allow three Exhibitions, each of per annum, to three scholars, the most sufficient for learnin elected from the Grammar School of Peterborough, of ti meanest sort, by and upon the commendation of the bishop ar dean of Peterborough; and for want of such, from the Scho of Peterborough, from the Free School of Oundle, or from an other school in Northamptonshire.
1674. Thomas Braithwaite, Esq., of Ambleside, bequeathe £250 to the College, towards the maintenance of two Scholar from either the Grammar School of Kendal in Westmoreland or Hawkeshead in Lancashire ; and for want of such two, any
; other going out of either of the said counties, until they b Masters of Arts, or otherwise preferred.
1674. Robert Allott, D.D., gave a house in Thetford, called the Spread Eagle, and a house called Jenkinson's, in All Saints' parish, Cambridge, for one or two exhibitions. A preference is reserved, first to one of the name and blood of Dr Allott, or nearest in consanguinity; in default of such, then for two persons of the name of Allott. For want of such, then to two persons born in Cregglestone, or within the parish of Sandal Magna. For want of such, to two persons born in any part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, or of the diocese of York. An exhibitioner may hold his exhibition till M.A., or till he is elected a fellow.
1675. Robert Clarke, a senior fellow of the College, left £200 towards the maintenance of a Scholar.
1681. Samuel Newton, clerk, of Great Samford, Essex, gave £60 towards the augmentation of the commons of the proper Sizars, viz. 13d. weekly.
1882. The Right Honourable Sarah, Duchess Dowager of Somerset, by an indenture dated July 12, 1682, gave lands at March, in the Isle of Ely, for the founding, establishing, and sustentation of five Scholarships in St John's College, to be called for ever “ Somerset Scholarships.”
In the deed, it is provided that the scholars shall have a stipend each of 58. a week for his subsistence for seven years, ender certain conditions, together with chambers, and caps and gowns. The scholars are to be elected by the master and senior fellows of the College, out of the free school of Hereford, and a preference is to be given to such youths in the said School as shall have been born in the counties of Somerset, Wilts, and Hereford.
By a second indenture dated March 7, 1697, the executors of the Duchess, in conformity with her will, conveyed to the College the manor of Wootton Rivers, in the county of Wilts (then worth about £560 per annum, on the expiration of the leases), for the maintenance of a further number of Scholars, to be called " Somerset Scholars," who are to have the same allowances as the five scholars before endowed by her; and directed that one additional scholar should be chosen at the first settlement, and others elected as the rents improved.
These additional scholars are directed in the indenture to be elected from time to time out of the free schools of Marlborough, Hereford and Manchester, by turns; the first of them to be chosen out of Marlborough School, the second out of Hereford School, and the third out of Manchester School; and to keep the same course and turns for ever. The number of Scholars on this foundation is now thirteen.
The indenture, in accordance with the directions in the will of the Duchess, further directed that when the lease of a certain farm in the manor of Wootton Rivers fell in, six additional Scholars should be elected, who should have for their allowances and maintenance the rent of the said farm, and that none of the other “Somerset Scholars” should have any part thereof, nor they with the others. The six scholars were elected when the lease expired in 1735. The allowance to each of these scholars was at the first establishment 108. a week, and is now £40 per annum.
The Duchess also directs by her will, that these six Schole shall be such youths whose parents or friends are not able contribute anything considerable towards their maintenance the University; and therefore the large allowance is appoint for them; and that the persons chosen shall be such as desi or intend to take upon them the ministry; and that they sh in order thereunto, so soon as they shall be fit for it, incli and dispose themselves to the study of divinity ; but all oth things relating to the said additional “Somerset Scholarship in former rules and directions, shall stand and be observed, ai these last mentioned “Somerset Scholars” are to differ fro them in nothing, save only in their maintenance.
1708. The Rev. Thomas Thurlyn, D.D., by his will r mitted to the mayor and corporation of King's Lynn the su: of £200, they were indebted to him, on the condition that the should for ever pay £6 a year to a poor Scholar who should g from the grammar-school of Lynn to St John's College, Cam bridge.
1710. George Baker, Esq. gave a benefaction for six Exhi bitions, each of about £8 a year, with a preference to hi
1711. Humphrey Gower, D.D., master of the College founded two Exhibitions for the sons of clergymen who have been educated at the grammar-school of Dorchester, or at S Paul's School, London. These exhibitions are of the value of about £10 each per annum.
1712. Rev. Thomas Nadin gave a benefaction to found three Exhibitions for students in divinity: one of about £100 a year, and the other two each £15 a year. A preference is reserved for Mr Nadin's kin, or persons born in the province of Canterbury.
1721. Rev. Francis Robins, senior fellow of the College, by will gave £200 to found two Exhibitions, each of £10 a year, for two deserving students of the name or kindred of Robins or Tabb, and born in Kent, and in default of such, to two poor and apt students born in Chart, Leeds, Langley or Lenham, w have been educated in the grammar-school Sutton Valence.
1738. Mrs Felicia Jones left an exhibition of £16' a year, for persons of her own kindred, or natives of Shropshire.
1763. John Newcome, D.D., founded two Exhibitions of £20 each for scholars who come properly qualified in morals and learning from the grammar-school of Grantham to St John's College. In default of such, from some other school in Lincolnshire. If there be more candidates than one, in case of & vacancy, the master and seniors of the College are to elect which of them they may think the most proper and deserving. These exhibitions are tenable till M.A.
1778. John Green, bishop of Lincoln, bequeathed £1000 3 per cent. consols to the mayor and corporation of Beverley, in trust, that out of the dividends they should pay the yearly sum of £10 as an exhibition to a scholar educated for three years at the grammar-school of Beverley, and entered at Corpus Christi College, or St John's College. The mayor and corporation are required to appoint the son of a freeman of Beverley, and the payments are to continue for seven years, if the exhibitioners reside and proceed regularly to the degree of M.A. It is directed that all arrears which may accrue from vacancy, are to be paid to the exhibitioner most approved by the mayor and corporation.
1815. Mr Wright left a benefaction of about £100 per annum, to be disposed of at the discretion of the master and four seniors, as they should judge most expedient and best for the encouragement of religion and learning.
1816. Sir Isaac Pennington, M.D., president of the College, by his will directed that good exhibitions should be given from his bequest to students at St John's College, born in the parishes of Hawkeshead and Colton. The number and value of the exhibitions are at the discretion of the master and seniors.
1839. The Very Rev. James Wood, D.D., master of the College, and dean of Ely, left funds for founding nine Exhibitions which at present are £40 each per annum. The exhibitioners are chosen, three every year, from those undergraduates of the College “who are most in want of pecuniary assistance, and who are at the same time most distinguished for their regularity of conduct, industry and learning.”
1833. Rev. James Webster, B.D., fellow of the Colle left a trust fund producing about £120 per annum, for four ing one Fellowship and one Scholarship. This fellowship tenable for ten years by a person who has been admitted to t degree of Bachelor of Arts, and who must proceed regularly the degree of Master of Arts.
The scholarship is designed for the most deserving of t commencing Bachelors of Arts, and is tenable for one ye The fellow is to receive sixteen, and the scholar five, of t whole twenty-one equal parts into which the annual procee of the trust fund is to be divided.
By the Statutes the fellows are to be elected out of tho “qui moribus et eruditione fuerint insigniores, quosque cu magister tum seniores speraverint firmiterque crediderint i eodem Collegio ad Dei honorem et profectum studii scholasti cum effectu velle et posse proficere, et inter hos qui indige tiores fuerint.”
Candidates must be natives of England or Wales, and Bacht lors of Arts at least, and a preference, cæteris paribus, is reserve for natives of Richmond and its vicinity, of Kent, and of thos counties in which the College has estates; and after the scholar
the College, scholars from Christ's College are to be pre ferred. All the fellows except four are required within : certain time to be in holy orders, or to resign their fellowships
The presentation of one of the original foundation fellow. ships of St John's College was conferred by the foundress upon the bishop of Ely, in consideration of the rights surrendered by him in connexion with the dissolved Hospital of St John, which formed the foundation upon which the College was established.
The emoluments of each of the eight senior fellows have been on an average of the seven years ending 1851, about £210 a year: and of a junior fellow about £140 a year; besides an allowance for rent of rooms varying from £10 to £32 a year, according to standing and degree.
The resident fellows and scholars have in addition weekly allowances from the rents received in corn, under the 18 Eliz. cap. 6. Two-thirds of those rents are assigned to the master