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1629. Dame Rebecca Romney gave the master and wardens of the Worshipful Company of Haberdashers the sum of £ 1200 for various uses, stated in an indenture, one of which vas, that the master and wardens should pay £24 a year to four poor scholars, two of Emmanuel College, and two of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, likely to become good scholars, and to take upon them the study of divinity, such and for so long a time as the master and wardens of the Com. pany should from time to time nominate and appoint, to each 26 a year, payable half-yearly at Lady-day and Michaelmas.
The value of these exhibitions has been doubled by the Company, and they are now £12 each per annum.
1631. Mr Hobbs gave a payment, arising from the residuc of rent of lands, for two poor Scholars, who are to receive each $? per annum.
1634. There were maintained in this College one master, foarteen fellows, fifty scholars, ten poor scholars, besides officars and servants the foundation, with other students, the whole number being 310.
1649. Mr Walter Richards left property, subject to the life of his wife, to found two Exhibitions, tenable for seven years, with a preference to students from Christ's Hospital. The value of each of these exhibitions was formerly £6, it is now £12 per annum. These exhibitioners have an allowance of £4 towards the fees on admission to the degree of of B.A. and £6 on their admission to the degree of M.A.
By the express will of the donor, these exhibitions may be held for five years after the degree of M.A. together with a fellowship.
1654. Mr Francis Ash, citizen of London, gave a benefaction to found ten scholarships of £10 each, tenable till M.A. with a preference, first, to his own kin, and secondly, to students from the grammar-schools of Derby and Ashby-dela-Zouch. The scholars are to be in such circumstances as their friends are not able to maintain them at College without some assistance, and they must be designed for the ministry. In default of such, an after preference is given to the sons of clergymen. The payments arise from an estate, the annual
value of which (left in trust for various other about £380.
The master and fellows elect, and if any scholar bec faulty in the neglect of his studies, &c. and will not am after two admonitions by the master, he is to lose his exhibit
1656. Rev. John Wells, rector of Thurning, gave a n charge of £4
per annum, “ for the use of such poor schola the master and fellows shall from time to time, and at all ti for ever hereafter, approve of and think fitting.”
1660. Rev. Benjamin Whichcote, D.D. formerly fel of the College, and afterwards provost of King's, left si houses to the College, the rents of which he designed various purposes, one of which was to found four Scholarsh with the same privileges as those on the foundation, tenable M.A. They have been increased in value to 58. a week, may be held with other scholarships.
1662. John Browne, gentleman, gave the rent of an est at Islington, for exhibitions of £10 each, towards the ma tenance of six Scholars of Christ's Hospital at the Univers of Cambridge, of whom three were to be entered at Emmani College, and not to enjoy the benefaction longer than sev years. In 1837 the rent of the estate was reported to be £ per annum.
1669 circa. Rev. John Sudbury, D.D. dean of Durham, ki the sum of £6 (arising from the rent of houses) for a pie of plate to be given annually" to the most pious and best learn of the commencing Bachelors of Arts, according to the jud ment of the master and four senior fellows:" The Rev. Heni Hubbard, B.D. increased the prize by an addition of £6 a yea In the year 1850, it was still further increased by £6 a yea arising from funded property given by the Rev. John Cooke M.A. a member of the College.
1671. Mrs Anne Hunt, of the county of Suffolk, foundex two Exhibitions for poor scholars born within the hundreds o Mutford and Lothingland, to be tenable for six years next after their admission; and in default of such, to two scholars of the kindred of her son, Mr John Collings; and in default, to any two scholars born within the county of Suffolk.
The payment of these exhibitions arises from lands adjoining the sea, by the inroads of which the property has been greatly deteriorated.
1719. George Thorpe, D.D. prebendary of Canterbury, gave lands at Ash, near Sandwich, to found five Scholarships for the encouragement and support of young students in divinity, with a preference, cæteris paribus, to the sons of orthodox clergymen. These scholarships were originally £10 a year, when first paid in 1720; they were increased to £14, then to £24, and now they are £30 a year, and are tenable with other scholarships and exhibitions. The net average annual income of the estate from which these scholarships are paid, for the seven years ending 1851, was £191.58. 6d. Dr Thorpe's scholars are elected after the second year of residence, when they have given competent proof of their proficiency and hopeful suitability to his design, and they may hold their scholarships till the Michaelmas after admission to the degree of Master of Arts, or till they are elected fellows.
Every student must, at the time of his admission to one of Dr Thorpe's scholarships, make the following declaration :"!, A. B. do hereby solemnly declare it to be my full purpose, by the blessing of God, to apply myself sincerely to the study of divinity, and the faithful service of God, and his church therein, and that I will observe and conform to the orders and directions annexed to this benefaction, to which I am now to be admitted, and that I hope by help thereof, with the assistance of my friends, to continue for this good purpose in this University, to the time limited by the donor of this benefaction, which without the addition thereof, I had had no prospect of ability to perform.” It is also directed, that Dr Thorpe's scholarships are to be declared vacant if any scholar be guilty of any scandalous immorality, profaneness, impiety, heretical doctrine contrary to the thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England, schismatical separation from its communion, or gross neglect of his studies*.
• The studies recommended by Dr Thorpe are “The Liturgy and Articles of the Church, the Holy Scriptures in their original languages, the Fathers, and all other parts of solid and useful learning.”
1721. Mr Gillingham gave an estate to found one Fei ship. The annual value of the property on an average of seven years ending 1851, was £101. 78. 6d. and consists of from land, and £11.75. 6d. from the funds.
The possesso this fellowship received a dividend of £89. 78. 6d. a year, acc ing to the average of seven years ending in 1851 ; and is on equality with the foundation fellows in most other respects.
1736. Rev. J. Brown, B.D. formerly fellow of the Colle and rector of Wallington, Herts, bequeathed property, now the value of about £340 a year, for various uses, one of wh was to found two Greek Scholarships, with a preference students from King's School, Canterbury, or any school Kent. The value of these scholarships was 108. a week dur residence; it is now increased to 158. per week.
1773. Michael Smith, D.D. rector of Freckenham, Suffo left by will £800 for the purchase of land, one-half of 1 interest arising therefrom to be applied towards the reparati of the College and chapel, and the other half to found an ex bition of £16 a year, to be tenable till M.A. with a preferen to a student from Durham or Newcastle Schools, in case the should be any one from such school in the College at the tin of a vacancy.
1778. Rev. Henry Hubbard, B.D. formerly fellow of tl College, and registrary of the University, left a benefaction £12 a year for the best and most able scholar on Dr Thorpe foundation, tenable so long as he shall continue to enjo: Dr Thorpe's scholarship, provided that, on taking the degre of B.A. he be judged by the proctors and two examiner in the University fairly to deserve a seniority at the firs tripos, otherwise to be vacant: provided also, that no Thorpe scholar who is B.A. and had not such seniority, shall be capable of being chosen into this benefaction.
Rev. H. Aspinall, rector of St Peter's, Bedford, left £100 for the purchase of an exhibition, with a preference to students from the grammar-school of Clitheroe; or in default, to any native of Lancashire ; in default, then to a student from
; Bedford School, or the county of Bedford. If the exhibitioner be resident, this exhibition is tenable till M.A.
Walter Travers, Esq., gave £100 to found one Scholarship.
Rev. W. Hardyman, B.D., late fellow of the College, instituted a prize to be given in plate or books for the best proficient in classics, to the amount of £12, if he be in the first class of the Classical Tripos, and of £6, if in the second.
Mr Lynn founded one Exhibition of £ 4 per annum.
1814. Sir Busick Harwood left an exhibition of £10 a year, with a preference to a medical student.
1854. The present society consists of twelve Fellows on the foundation, besides three Bye-fellows. They are elected (except the Dixie fellows) by a majority of the master and fellows from the scholars of the College, of the degree of at least B.A., natives of England, with a preference cæteris paribus to persons born in Essex and Northamptonshire: or from other students, if none of the scholars should be found qualified. The Statutes also thus describe their qualifications: "Hos igitur pauperes, sive ex Collegio, sive ex Academia fuerint (acto prius anno vigesimo primo), eligi volumus: peritos etiam esse volumus, primum in tribus linguis, Græcâ, Latina, et Hebræâ, ita ut illas intelligere possint: deinde in Rhetoricâ, Dialecticâ, Physicâ, quarum Artium præcepta et vere scire, et in usum ac praxin reducere apti sunto : ante omnia vero puræ religionis, Papismo et cæteris hæresibus contrariæ, professores erunt, quique vitam moresque secundum eam conformaverint: Quæ omnia cum non cito comparari possint, neminem in Socium admitti volumus, qui non sex ad minimum integris annis studnerit in Academia.” The fellows must proceed to B.D.
The average yearly stipends of the foundation fellows for the seven years ending 1851 was, of
£. S. d. The senior seniorum.
238 18 4 A senior fellow .
227 5 4 A middle fellow
207 50 A junior fellow .
189 04 A fellow not in priest's orders receives £24. 58. 5d. a year less on the same average.
In the year 1828, Richard Hurd, Esq., of Worcester, bequeathed to the College £2000, 4 per cents., for the purpose of increasing the stipends of the master and the senior fellows.