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clerk, and Johanna Bexwyke, widow, from whom it appears the property had been leased or purchased by the executors of the good bishop's will. The revenues of the school-estates now exceed £4000
Exhibitions, each of the value of £60 per annum, are given to scholars proceeding from this school to any college in Oxford or Cambridge, for four years, or while they are resident.
Candidates for these exhibitions must have been five years at the school consecutively, and under the age of twenty years at the time of election.
These exhibitioners are elected in October by the dean of Manchester and the high master of the school, after having been previously recommended by the examiners, who are appointed annually to examine the school, and receive for their trouble each £20.
tongues and speeches.
Wherefore the said late Revd. Father, for the good mind which he had and bore to the country of Lancashire, considering the bringing up in learning, virtue, and good manners, children in the same country, should be the key and ground to have good people there, which hath lacked and wonted in the same, well for great poverty of the common people there, as also by cause of long time passed, the teaching and bringing up of young children to school, to the learning of grammar, hath not been taught there for lack of sufficient schoolmaster and usher; then so that the children in the same country having pregnant wits, have been most part brought up rudely and idly, and not in virtue, cunning, erudition, literature, in good manners, and for the said good and charitable deeds by the said late bishop, purposed and intended as is before said, in the same shire, hereafter to be had, seen, used and done,—that is to say, for grammar there to be taught for ever, the said late bishop of his good and liberal disposition, at his great costs and charges, hath within the town of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, builded an house joining to the College of Manchester in the West party, and the water called Irke of the North party, and the way going from the said College into a street called "Mill Gate," in the South party, and a stone chimney of George Trafford of the East party, for a free school there to be-kept for evermore, and to be called Manchester School."
It is also ordered by the same instrument, that every schoolmaster and usher for ever, from time to time, shall teach freely and indifferently every child and scholar coming to the same school; and that no scholar nor infant of what country or shire soever he be of, being man-child, shall be refused, except he have some horrible or contagious infirmity infective.
The feoffees also are directed, "when it shall happen the chest to be at surplusage the sum of £40 sterling, the rest to be given to the exhibition of scholars yearly at Oxford or Cambridge, who have been brought up in the said school of Manchester, and also only such as study art in the said universities, and to such as lack exhibition by the discretion of the said warden or deputy and high master for the time, so no one scholar have yearly above 26s. 8d. sterling; and that till such time as he have promotion by fellowship of one College or Hall, or other exhibition, to the sum of seven marks."
1682. The Right Honourable Sarah Duchess Dowager of Somer founded Scholarships at St John's College, with a provision that ev third turn the scholars should be chosen from the school of Manches At present there are six Scholarships of £40 each and fourteen £20 each per annum. (See p. 321.)
There are besides exhibitions and scholarships appropriated to st dents of this school who may proceed to the University of Oxford.
THE FREE GRAMMAR-SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1641, a.d.
THE free Grammar-school of Great Bolton, or Bolton in t Moors, was founded by Robert Lever, citizen and clothier, of Londo who by his will devised certain lands in Harwood, in the county Lancaster, for erecting and maintaining a free-school, or a chapel, should be thought meet by his executors.
In 1784 an act was obtained for incorporating the governors an for enlarging their trusts and powers for the benefit of the school. Th governors are empowered to appoint a head master and an usher, “T teach and instruct the children and youth who shall be educated at th said school, not only in grammar and classical learning, but also in writing, arithmetic, geography, navigation, mathematics, the moder languages, and in such and so many branches of literature and educa tion, as shall from time to time, in the judgment of the governors, o the major part of them, be proper and necessary to render the founda tion of the most general use and benefit."
There are two exhibitions each of the value of £60 a year, for scholars who have been three years at this school. They may be held at Oxford or Cambridge, and are tenable for four years.
FOUNDED 1568, A.D.
THIS school was founded by John Holmes, citizen and weaver of London. Mr Holmes bequeathed rent-charges of £8 and £5 issuing out of his lands, &c. in Lombard Street, London, to trustees;-the former
for the use of the master of Blackrod School, and the latter for the exhibition, founding, and keeping of one scholar for four years within Pembroke College, Cambridge, educated in this school.
This rent-charge of £5 for the exhibition has been suffered to accumulate for many years; and it appears that in 1823 the accumulations amounted to £1901. 15s. 8d. which was laid out in the purchase of £2574. 6s. 6d. three per cent. Consols.
The dividends and the rent-charge are applied to the purpose intended by the founder, whenever a candidate properly qualified applies for the exhibition, if not, the whole is accumulated.
The present value of this exhibition is £65 per annum.
1748. Mr Warren founded one Exhibition at Pembroke College. (See p. 224.)
THE FREE GRAMMAR SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1726, A.D.
Tais school was founded by the Rev. Roger Kay, M.A. prebendary of Sarum and rector of Fittleton, and sometime fellow of St John's College, Cambridge, and endowed with estates which now produce nearly £500 a year.
The estates are vested in thirteen trustees, who are also governors of the school, of whom seven are required to be clergymen, rectors, or vicars of parishes within ten miles of Bury, and including always the rector of Bury, the rector of Prestwich, and the dean of Manchester, and the other six to be lay inhabitants of the town of Bury being in constant communion with the Church of England, and possessed of property in the parish to the amount of at least £50 per annum.
It is not necessary that the master of this school be in holy orders, but it is required by the statutes of the founder, "That he be a graduate in one of the two Universities, either Oxford or Cambridge, well skilled in the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew tongues, a man of prudence and sobriety, and of a good temper."
From the revenues of the school two Exhibitions, each originally of the value of £20 a year, but now augmented at the discretion of the trustees to £30 or £40, are given to scholars in this school, belonging to the parish of Bury, who must proceed either to St John's College, Cambridge, or to Brasenose College, Oxford, and which may be held for seven years if the exhibitioners are resident.
The late Rev. James Wood, D.D. Master of St John's Colleg (formerly an exhibitioner from this school) left by his will £500 the increase of these exhibitions.
The rectors of Bury and Prestwich, together with the dean Manchester, have the appointment to the Hulmian Exhibitions Brasenose, Oxford, and the founder of Bury School recommends in t statutes his scholars to these trustees, hoping that they may sometim receive a nomination from them.
THE FREE GRAMMAR-SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1588, A. D.
THIS free Grammar-school was founded by Edwin Sandys, arch bishop of York, who obtained letters patent under the great seal i the twenty-seventh year of Queen Elizabeth, by which Her Majest granted that from thenceforth there should be one grammar-schoo within the parish of Hawkshead in the county palatine of Lancaster. By virtue of the letters patent the archbishop drew up constitution for the government and management of the school.
1674. Thomas Braithwaite, Esq. of Ambleside, bequeathed £25 to St John's College, Cambridge, for the maintenance of two Scholar educated at the grammar-school of Hawkshead or Kendal. (See p. 320 also 323.)
THE FREE GRAMMAR-SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1655, A.D.
THIS school was originally founded by Isabel Wildinge, and endowed with a portion of the proceeds of the rectory of Kirkham, purchased by the Drapers' Company, with funds bequeathed to them in trust by Henry Colborne, Esq.
1670. Rev. James Barker, to testify his love to his native town of Kirkham, and to make some addition to the stipend of the master of the school, and some provision for a poor scholar at Cambridge, and for other uses, directed his executors to purchase lands, &c. of the value of £30 per annum or upwards, and that out of the profits, £10 should be paid to the schoolmaster, and £12 as an exhibition to a poor scholar from Kirkham school, for his maintenance in the University of Cambridge, for seven years.
An estate for these purposes was purchased at Nether Methop, in Westmoreland, for £530.
In consequence of the increased income from the estates left by Mr Barker, an application was made in 1806 to the Court of Chancery that the sum of £80 a year might be paid to such poor scholar of Kirkham school as should be qualified and nominated in the manner directed by the will of the founder.
A subsequent order issued by the Court of Chancery directed that the exhibition to a poor scholar should be increased from £80 to £120 per annum, and that the trustees should have power, in case the funds allow, to grant a second exhibition at one of the Universities, of an annual sum not exceeding £100.
It was also proposed, for the purpose of increasing the number of persons qualified to take the benefit of the said exhibition, that the qualification of an exhibitioner, as fixed by the will of Mr Barker, and thereby confined to a poor scholar born in the town of Kirkham, be extended to any poor scholar born in any part of the parish of Kirkham, and bred up and sent from the said school of Kirkham; but that a preference should be, in all cases, given to a poor scholar born in the town of Kirkham, in case one shall appear duly qualified.
1854. "There was an exhibition a few years ago, but the funds thereof were spent by the trustees in procuring from the Court of Chancery a new scheme for the better management of the school."
THE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTION.
ESTABLISHED 1843, A.D.
THE Schools of this institution are designed to supply an education suited respectively to the wants of the three classes of society, the upper school providing an education similar to that given in the public schools and preparatory to the English Universities.
The following exhibitions to the Universities have been founded in connexion with the upper school, each tenable for three years and a half, and one of them becoming vacant every year. The candidates for these exhibitions must be under twenty years of age.
1. The McNeile exhibition, of the annual value of £40, tenable at Oxford, Cambridge, or Dublin.
2. The Gladstone exhibition, of the value of £40 per annum, may be held by a student at Oxford or Cambridge.