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of the value of £50 a year, to foundation scholars of St Paul's school, tenable for four years at Oxford or Cambridge. These exhibitions cannot be held by a scholar who holds one of the Campden exhibitions.

1685. Viscount Campden devised to the Mercers' Company a riety of certain tythes and £16000 Bank 3 per cent. Reduced Anquities, for exhibitions to scholars from St Paul's school to Trinity College, Cambridge. The tythes are about £435 per annum, and the accumulations from time to time have been invested, and make the whole income from this benefaction above £1000 a year.

There are at present granted from this benefaction every year, one exhibition of £100, and another of £80 a year, each of which is tenable for four years.

1659. Sir Robert Wood founded three Scholarships at St John's College, Cambridge, with a second preference to scholars from St Paul's School. (See p. 318.)

1696. Rev. Mr Perry gave a benefaction for founding Exhibitions for students from St Paul's school. (See p. 352.)

1711. Humphrey Gower, D.D. founded two Exhibitions of £10 each for the sons of clergymen at St John's College, Cambridge, who have been educated at St Paul's school or the grammar-school at Dorchester. (See p. 322.)

1766. Rev. George Sykes, M.A. founded four Scholarships at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, for scholars from St Paul's school. (See p. 258.)

1780. Mr John Stock founded a Scholarship at Corpus Christi College, which is given to a scholar recommended by the high-master. (See p. 260.)


FOUNDED 1553, A.D.

CHRIST'S HOSPITAL is one of the five royal hospitals in London, and was founded by King Edward the Sixth, by letters patent, in the seventh year of his reign, whereby also at the same time were founded the hospitals of Bridewell and of St Thomas the Apostle*.

• "A remarkable instance of the beneficial effect of Ridley's counsels is to be seen in the foundation of three institutions in the reign of Edward VI. and which in point of date may be called the first-fruits of the Reformation. Both in the councilchamber and the pulpit did this eminent prelate resist the sacrilegious spirit of his day; and though the young king was but partially able to resist the tide of corruption, he yet founded, at the suggestion of Ridley, no less than sixteen grammarschools, and designed, had his life been spared, to erect twelve colleges for the

The letters patent recite, that "Whereas His Majesty pitying: miserable estate of the poor, fatherless, decrepit, aged, sick, infir and impotent persons languishing under various kinds of disease and also thoroughly considering the honest, pious endeavours of 1 most humble and obedient subjects, the mayor and commonalty a citizens of London, who by all ways and methods diligently study i the good provision of the poor and of every sort of them, and that such reason and care neither children yet being in their infancy sha lack good education and instruction, nor when they shall obtain rip years shall be destitute of honest callings and occupations, wherel they may honestly exercise themselves in some good faculty and scien for the advantage and utility of the commonwealth; nor that the si or diseased, when they shall be recovered and restored to health, ma remain idle and lazy vagabonds of the state, but that they in li manner may be placed and compelled to labour in honest and usef employments: His Majesty therefore desiring not only the progres amplification, and increase of so honest and noble a work, but als condescending in his name and by his authority to take upon himsel the patronage of this most excellent and most holy foundation, the lately established, granted, &c."

education of youth. Shortly before his death he sent for the bishop, and thanking him for a sermon in which he strongly pressed the duty of providing for the poverty and ignorance of our fellow-men, added, 'I took myself to be especially touched by your speech, as well in regard of the abilities God hath given me, as in regard of the example which from me he will require; for as in the kingdom I am next under God, so must I most nearly approach him in goodness and mercy; for as our miseries stand most in need of aid from him, so are we the greatest debtors-debtors to all that are miserable, and shall be the greatest accountants of our dispensation therein; and therefore, my lord, as you have given me, I thank you, this general exhortation, so direct me (I pray you) by what particular actions I may this way best discharge my duty.' The bishop, who was not prepared for such a request, begged time to consider, and to consult with those who were more conversant with the condition of the poor.

"Having taken the advice of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London, he shortly returned to the King, representing that there appeared to be three different classes of poor. Some were poor by impotency of nature, as young fatherless children, old decrepit persons, idiots, cripples, and such like, these required to be educated and maintained; for them accordingly the King gave up the Grey Friars' Church, near New. gate Market, now called Christ's Hospital. Other he observed were poor by faculty, as wounded soldiers, diseased and sick persons who required to be cured and relieved; for their use the King gave St Bartholomew's near Smithfield. The third sort were poor by idleness or unthriftiness, as vagabonds, loiterers, &c. who should be chastised and reduced to good order; for these the King appointed his house at Bridewell, the ancient mansion of many English kings."-Note, p. xiii. Works of Bp. Ridley, edited by the Rev. H. Christmas, for the Parker Society.

Christ's Hospital is established on the site of the monastery of the Grey Friars, but it was not until five years after the king's grant that the house was fitted up for the reception of the children, when it was grated CHRIST'S HOSPITAL.

The buildings of the Grey Friars were given by Edward VI, and Bendowments, from the granting of the charter, arise from legacies destates given at different periods, the gross amount of income from ich is now about £60,000 per annum.

In the year 1683, when the utility of the establishment became fully apparent, the governors erected a building at Hertford, ich was designed to receive the pupils till they are twelve years of when they are transferred to the foundation in London. The number of children maintained and educated on the foundain both establishments varies from 1300 to 1500. They are adted between the ages of 7 and 10 years, and a presentation of a ernor is necessary for the admission of a child to the Hospital. The lord mayor, aldermen, and twelve of the common council, are Fernors ex officio, besides upwards of 400 noblemen and gentlemen have been elected governors on account of their donations.

The pupils all leave the hospital at the age of fifteen years, except 40 boys on the foundation of King Charles II. who are designed the service of the sea, and those students who remain to prepare for e universities.

The twelve senior boys, called " the Grecians," remain at the school they are 18 or 19 years of age before they proceed to the Univery: hitherto they have generally entered at Pembroke College, Camidge, on account of the scholarships at that college left for scholars

Christ's Hospital. (See p. 224.) Four Grecians every year enter me college at Oxford or Cambridge, and the sum of £70. 10s. is anted to each for various purposes on commencing residence, besides 12 on taking the degree of B.A. and £5 on taking that of M.A.

1575. Thomas Dixon left £6 a year to one of the children of hrist's Hospital to be preferred to one of the Universities, as long as e remaineth there.

1596. Lady Mary Ramsey gave £20 a year towards the mainenance of 12 poor scholars, six in Oxford, and six in Cambridge, ürecting that five marks as an exhibition should be paid yearly to each cholar. These exhibitions are not limited to scholars from Christ's Hospital. This lady also founded four Scholarships at St Peter's College, with a preference to students from Christ's Hospital. (See p. 209.) 1633. Lady C. Barnardiston founded three Scholarships at St

Catharine's Hall, with a second preference to students from Cl Hospital for two of them. (See p. 218.)

1649. Mr W. Richards founded two Exhibitions at Emmanue lege, with a preference to students from Christ's Hospital. (See p. 1652. William Rudge, gentleman, gave £150 to assist in sei to the University poor scholars bred up at Christ's Hospital.

1656. John Perryn, Esq. gave an Exhibition of £5 a yea wards the maintenance of one scholar that shall be brought up al coat in Christ's Hospital, in Oxford or Cambridge.

1656. Rev. Abraham Colfe, founded seven Exhibitions for lars proceeding to the University from the grammar-school of Lewis and provided that if no scholar be duly qualified at the time vacancy at Lewisham school, a fourth preference shall be given scholar from Christ's Hospital. (See p. 433.)

1661. Thomas Stretchley left £7 per annum to each of two scholars who shall be sent from Christ's Hospital to the Univer towards their maintenance, to continue till they are Masters of A unless for misconduct they are deprived, or leave the University be the expiration of that period.

1662. John Brown, gentleman, gave the rent of an estate Islington towards the maintenance of six Scholars from Christ's H pital, three in Emmanuel College, and three in Christ's College, Ca bridge, who are not to continue longer there than seven years. 1 value of this benefaction in 1837 was £92. (See pp. 298, 366.)

1665. William Williams, citizen and cordwainer of London, 1 £8 a year for seven years towards the maintenance of a poor schol from Christ's Hospital at either Oxford or Cambridge.

1666. Erasmus Smith by deed gave £100 a year to the mayo commonalty, and citizens of London, to be disposed of partly for t maintenance of scholars, poor children belonging to Christ's Hospita at either of the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge, provided tha they do not exceed the sum of £8 of the lawful money of England yearly to be given by way of Exhibition towards the maintenance o one scholar in either of the said Universities.

1667. Thomas Barnes, Esq. left a benefaction producing £40 year in 1837, to eight poor children of Christ's Hospital yearly, for ever, and towards an exhibition and maintenance to each when sent to the University, or any other poor scholars that are at the University, until they become Masters of Arts.

1672. Thomas Rich, mercer, of London, left two Exhibitions of £6 each for two poor scholars that have been taught in Christ's Hos

tal, and from thence sent to the University for desert of studious shour, so long as they shall continue profiting in learning, &c. and hemales of the University also will permit.

1673. Sir John Smith left an Exhibition of £6. 13s. 4d. to be ven once in two years to a poor scholar at either university who has bred up at Christ's Hospital.

1677. Philip Jemmett gave an Exhibition of £6 a year for six as to a poor scholar from Christ's Hospital in either of the UniverEs, if he continue resident there for that period.


Anthony Death, clerk, left to a scholar of Christ's Hos£5 on his being sent to Oxford or Cambridge, and £6 a year il he take the degree of Bachelor of Arts; then £8 a year until he me Master of Arts, to continue until he has been eight years at University, if he continue to be resident.

1709. William Moses, Esq. serjeant-at-law, left £10 per annum many poor boys from Christ's Hospital as shall be fit to send to University, and shall be sent to Pembroke Hall, Cambridge. If be none fit to be sent to the University from Christ's Hospital, governors are to have the disposal of the exhibitions, which are to lisposed of by executors and overseers as they shall think fit. The income from the benefaction with that from accumulations in was £132. 19s. 3d.


William Thompson, Esq. M.P. alderman, president of ist's Hospital, gave £4000 to found two Exhibitions at the Uniities of Oxford or Cambridge: and two annual gold medals to two most distinguished and deserving scholars proceeding to the versity, and who were to be called "the Thompson Medallists." 1839. Henry Rowed, Esq. gave £2000 to the governors to found Exhibition for a student from Christ's Hospital at either of the iversities of Oxford or Cambridge.

1841. The proprietors of The Times Journal devoted the amount the subscription, raised and presented to them, to the foundation two Scholarships, one of which is to be given to a student from irist's Hospital.

The value of the Times' scholarship is £30 a year, and it is given the most distinguished of the four Grecians in classical and matheatical learning who are proceeding to the University. (See p. 463.) 1846. The Pitt club founded a Scholarship of £30 a year, for yur years, at Oxford or Cambridge. It is given to the scholar who btains the highest marks for Classics and Mathematics united at the fidsummer examination next before leaving for college.

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