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hold the scholarships for four years, receiving therefrom £50 per
There are other valuable benefactions given to the school by M: Beaufoy, in addition to the four scholarships.
1845. David Salomons, Esq. citizen and cooper of London, vested in certain trustees the sum of £1666. 138. 4d. three per cent. consoli
dated Bank Annuities, for the purpose of establishing a scholarship, to be called “the Salomons Scholarship *,” of the value of £50 per annum, for the benefit of pupils of the City of London school proceeding to the University of Oxford, Cambridge, or of London. The candi. dates for this scholarship are subjected to an examination, and the election is made in the same manner as for the Times' scholarship, and the conditions attached are similar.
1851. " The Lambert Jones Scholarship” was established by the subscribers to a testimonial for commemorating the public services of Richard Lambert Jones, Esq. a member of the corporation of London, in reference to his labours for many years in promoting various public works tending to improve and adorn the city. The nomination of the school to which the scholarship should be attached being left to Mr Jones, it was by his desire appropriated to the City of London school. The endowment consists of £725. 58. 6d. three per cent. Consols. The mode of election is the same as in other cases, and candidates must have been at least three years at the school. This scholarship is not tenable with any other scholarship from the school which exceeds the angual value of £30. The successful candidate must, within fifteen
• A Tablet in the school thus commemorates the benefaction:
under new and peculiar circumstances,
and to commemorate the removal
of those civil disabilities
Under the conviction that this peaceful triumph
of the principles of religious toleration
is to be ascribed to the progress of education,
his grateful acknowledgments for so great a blessing
which, under the guidance of
months from his election, matriculate at the University of Oxfo Cambridge, or London, and may hold his scholarship for four year
THE MERCHANT TAYLORS' SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1561, A.D. This school was founded and is supported by the Merch: Taylors' Company. Richard Hilles, sometime master, and a leadi. member of the company, contributed £500 towards the purchase the mansion in which the school began, and on the site of which present school stands.
The school was designed "for children of all nations and countr indifferently—which in 1731 was interpreted to mean that Jews were be excepted.” The statutes appear to have been framed from those St Paul's school, but with considerable alterations and additions. T number of scholars is limited to 250, who are admitted on the non nation of the members of the Court of Assistants of the Mercha Taylors' Company.
1638. Francis Dee, D.D. founded a Fellowship and two Schola ships at St John's College. (Sce p. 317.)
1659. Sir R. Wood founded three Scholarships at St John's Co lege, with a second preference to „students from Merchant Taylor School. (See p. 318.)
1695. Rev. Moses Holway founded two Scholarships at St Ca tharine's Hall, Cambridge, with a second preference to students edu cated at Merchant Taylors' School, London. (See p. 280.)
1770. William Stuart, D.D. founded two Scholarships, one Pembroke College, Cambridge, for superannuated scholars of Merchan Taylors' School. (See p. 225.)
1770. Rev. Charles Parkin, M.A. founded six Scholarships Pembroke College, Cambridge, of which, five were designed for super. annuated scholars from Merchant Taylors' School. (See p. 224.)
The principal scholarships, &c. appropriated to scholars from Merchant Taylors' School, are attached to St John's College, Oxford.
THE MERCERS' GRAMMAR-SCHOOL. This establishment was originally the Hospital of St Thomas of Acons. Its constitution appears to have been purely religious, proceeding from the spirit of mistaken piety and charity, so prevalent in ** the middle ages : and the scholastic part, most probably, was an ap-18
perdage arising from the leisure, zeal, and literary talents of some of its members. Its first appellation or title was that of a cemetery, or chanel-house, for the interment of strangers ; and it corresponded with these establishments of Christians in the Holy Land, that were partly military, partly religious. The existence of a school, however, in contxion with the establishment, is referred to the year 1447, as appears fron a petition to the Parliament that sat in the twenty-fifth year of Hary VI. From a small beginning it rose to eminence, and at the time of its dissolution, in the reign of Henry VIII. its master was a mited abbot, and its revenues were considerable.
This hospital and its revenues were surrendered to Henry VIII. in the year 1538, and afterwards were purchased by the Mercers' Com. paoy, through the means of Sir Richard Gresham, for the considera. tion of £969. 175. 6d. By an indenture, made in the thirty-third year af King Henry VIII. the Mercers' Company covenanted with the king, that at their own proper cost and charges they would find and keep a free grammar-school within the city of London, and find a master to teach twenty-five boys freely for ever.
In 1804 the situation of the school was removed to its present site, an enlarged course of studies was adopted, the number of scholars was increased to thirty-five in 1809, and subsequently to seventy.
1672. Thomas Rich, master of the school, by his will gave to the Mercers' Company, after the death of his wife, certain property in London, on condition that they should pay £6 yearly out of the profits to each of two poor scholars for seven years at either of the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge. The exhibitioners are required to have been taught in the Mercers' Chapel-school, to have conducted themselves well during their studies, to be reported by the master of the school to be duly qualified, and to proceed thence direct to the University.
In consequence of the increased value of the property, the Mercers' Company have raised thesc two Exhibitions, each to the value of £70 Per annum. They are now tenable for five years.
INSTITUTED 1830, A.D. The design of this institution is to combine the advantages of correct and sound instruction with the advantages of public education founded on Christian principles.
The directors have established two Scholarships, called, “! Islington Scholarships," attached to this school, each of the valu £30 a year, tenable for four years at any college or hall in Oxfori Cambridge. They are open to competition, and are decided by report of the examiners appointed to examine the school.
FOUNDED 1565, A.D. This school owes its origin to Sir Roger Cholmeley, Knt, I Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench, who by letters patent of Qu Elizabeth, founded and endowed the grammar-school at Highgate the good education and instruction of boys and youths there and ab the neighbouring parts inhabiting and dwelling.”
By a decree of the Court of Chancery in 1826 a new scheme ordered for the management of the school. The master is required teach without fee or reward forty scholars out of the towns of Hi gate, Holloway, Hornsey, Finchley, or Kentish Town, and may rece other scholars, as many as he may find convenient, in addition, a fixed rate of payment.
From the increased revenues of the school, the governors ha established four Exhibitions, one vacant every year, to assist in maintenance of scholars from Highgate School at any College or H in Oxford or Cambridge. The exhibitions are open to the boys w have regularly attended the school for three years preceding the year examination, when the exhibition is awarded.
The value of each of the exhibitions is £50 a year, and they tenable for four years.
FOUNDED 1571, A. D.
This school was founded by John Lyon, a wealthy yeoman of hamlet of Preston, in the parish of Harrow, who obtained in the fous * teenth year of Queen Elizabeth, letters patent and a royal charte recognizing his foundation and certain statutes which he was empow. ered to draw up for the regulation of the establishment; and constituting six trustees, a body corporate, themselves and their successors, by election among themselves for ever, under the title of “ The Keepers and Governors of the Schoole called, and to bee called, The Free
Gemmat-schoole of John Lyon, in the village of Harrow-upon-theHill, in the countye of Middlesex.”*
In 1590 Mr Lyon promulgated statutes for the government of the school, which were drawn up by himself two years previous to his death. He also drew up a body of rules to be observed in the management of the school, one of which directs “ That the schoolmaster may receive over and above the youth of the inhabitants within the
* In the Statutes it is directed by the founder that :
“ Also the said keepers shall give and bestow yearly, for ever, twenty pounds of Ake lawful money to and upon four poor scholars, that is to say, five pounds to Every one of them towards their maintenance at learning at the Universities ; two of then to be at Gonville and Caius College in Cambridge, the other two of such coleges in Oxford, as by the discretion of the said keepers and governors shall be thought best; to be paid at the feast of the Annunciation of the blessed Mary the Virgin, and St. Michael the Archangel, by equal portions. And every of them to have and enjoy the said exhibition until they be of eight years' continuance in the University, if by the discretion of the said keepers and governors they shall be thought
have need thereof so long, and if they do profit and go well forward in learning, o else to be displaced by the said keepers and governors, and others to be put in their rooms.
All the said poor scholars to be taken and chosen out of the said Free Grammar-school at Harrow aforesaid, of such as have been brought up and taught in the said school, as soon as any such meet to go to the University shall be found in the said school, to be chosen and appointed by the said keepers and governors of the most apt, and most poor sort that be meete; the poor kinsfolke of me the said John Lyon, if any such be, and such as are born within the said parish of Harrow, being apt to learn, poor, and meet to go to the University, to be preferred before others. And all the said places, as well of scholars in the said school, as of the said poor scholars to have the said exhibition in the Universities, to be indifferently appointed and bestowed by the said keepers and governors upon such as are most meet for towardness, poverty, and painfulness, without any partiality or sinister affection, as they will answer before God.
"Item.-I do also ordain and appoint, that the said four scholars to whom I have appointed the exhibition aforesaid, shall be elected and chosen of such scholars as shall be of the said Free Grammar-school of Harrow upon the Hill, if there shall then be any that shall be apt to learn, and so sufficiently instrz.cted in grammar, that they shall be able to be sent to the said Universities. And also the said election shall be made of such scholars of the said school as be born within the parish of Harrow, and such as be of the poorest sort, if they shall be apt for the said purpose ; or else of other scholars of the said school, if any shall be able and fit for it. And if none thall be found in the said grammar-school fit or able to be sent to the said Univercities, then I do ordain and appoint that the said governors or the more part of them for the time being, shall, with the advice and consent of the master of the said college of Gonville and Caius, within the county of Cambridge, elect and choose two poor scholars, either within the said college, or else within the said University of Cam. bridge, to whom the exhibition thither appointed, shall be given and bestowed. I do further ordain and appoint, that the said several exhịbitions by me appointed to the said four scholars, shall not be bestowed upon any of them above eight years, and after those years ended, new scholars to be elected into their places, according to the order before prescribed.”