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The annual revenue of the Guild of the Holy Cross at the time of dissolution in 1546 was £31. 2s. 10d. ; but the whole of the estates being in Birmingham and in parts adjacent, the increase of buildings be led to a great increase in the revenue, which now exceeds £10,000 Tear.
The school is open free to the sons of inhabitants of Birmingham, and of parishes “touching upon and adjacent to the same.” There is Ho age specified for admission of scholars, nor at what age they are to superannuated; the number in the school is about 500.
There are at this school ten Exhibitions of £50 a year each, tenable for four years, at any college of either University. They are open to
1 scholars in the school; but a preference is given to those whose parents reside in the parish of Birmingham.
THE FREE GRAMMAR-SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1546, A.D.
John HALES, Esq. having purchased divers houses, lands, &c. of the dissolved priory and other religious houses in the city of Coteatry, in the 37th year of Henry VIII. obtained his Majesty's licence to found and establish a perpetual free grammar-school there, with full power to himself or any other person to give and devise lands for the maintenance thereof, to the value of £200 per annum.
The school remained unendowed until the death of Mr Hales in 1573, when his executors conveyed to the mayor, bailiffs, and commonalty of Coventry the site of St John's Hospital, with divers houses, lands, &c. for the maintenance of a perpetual free-school in that city.
1656. Thomas Lane, by his will, gave all his fee-farm rents issuing to him out of the city of Coventry, to the mayor, the steward of Coventry, the two ministers, and the lecturer for the time being, in trust, for the relief of ministers' widows, and for the fitting of poor scholars of Coventry for the University, and towards their maintenance there for seven years and a half. He willed that three-fourths of the Fearly rents should be employed for assisting poor scholars, and that no poor scholar's allowance, before he was sent to the University, should exceed £5 a year (nor this to begin till he should “be in Greek”), and at the University not to exceed £10 a year to each, for their maintenance there during the space of seven years and a half.
It appears from the Report of the Charity Commissioners, that the administration of this charity had not been satisfactory.
There are now under this bequest six Exhibitions, tenable for seve years, each of the value of £5 per annum for three years, and £56 pe annum for the remaining four years. It is intended to found additiona exhibitions when the increase of the revenue admits of it.
1691. Rev. Samuel Frankland founded a Fellowship at St Catha rine's Hall for persons educated at the free-school of Coventry. (S p. 280.)
FOUNDED 1482, A.D. This school was founded by Thomas Jolyffe, a native of the town and one of the brethren of the ancient Guild of the Holy Cross. the dissolution of the monasteries, the estate was seized by Henry VIII but was afterwards restored to the corporation, and the school was e founded and incorporated in the 7th year of the reign of Edward VI
In 1843 a new scheme was issued by the Court of Chancery for management of the school.
1855. The Rev. T. R. Medwin, M.A. the present head-maste has raised about £800 towards founding an Exhibition for scholm who may proceed from this school to the University.
INSTITUTED 1844, A.D. The object of this proprietary institution is to provide a soul classical, mathematical, and general education.
An Exhibition has been founded by the late Dr Jephson, of annual value of £40, which is tenable for three years, at Oxford Cambridge, by a student from Leamington College.
COUNTY OF WESTMORERLAND.
FOUNDED 1613, A.D.
the year 1803, when the commons and waste lands of the parish ere inclosed, an allotment was assigned to the grammar-school. In 1788, the school-house, which was much dilapidated, was suired at the joint expense of Bishop Watson and Bishop Pearson,
had been exhibitioners from the school, the former to Trinity allege, Cambridge, and the latter to Queen's College, Oxford. 1652. Mr Wilson, by will, charged upon the tythes of Leck, in parish of Tunstall, in the county of Westmoreland, two sums of
13s. 4d. each, to be paid to Queen's College, Oxford, and to finity College, Cambridge, for the maintenance of two scholars pm Heversham school, one at each college. It is required that the to scholars should be poor men's sons, whose fathers are not able to Row them a competent maintenance, and that they should be nomi. wted by the heirs male of Edward Wilson, or in their default, by the astfees of the school. The payments were to be made for four years, ad no longer, unless there should be no scholar qualified to succeed, a which case the payments might continue for two years longer.
In consequence of Mr Wilson's executors refusing to pay these thibitions, an application was made to the Court of Chancery, and by wo decrees in 1696 and 1762, the executors were obliged to pay all strears, which occasioned a very considerable increase of the value of the exhibitions.
These exhibitions are open to candidates who have been three years at the school, and are now in the gift of the trustees. They are each about £45 per annum.
Richard Watson was born in 1737, one year before the death of his father, who had with great reputation been the head-master of Heversham school for nearly 40) pears. He received his early education at Heversham school, and came up to Tririty College, Cambridge, with the exhibition founded by Mr Wilson. He subsequently became bishop of Llandaff, and was the author of "The Apology for the Bible," &c. In the anecdotes of his life, written by himself, the following passage occurs :
“It has been a custom with me, from a very early age, to put down in writing the most important events of my life, with an account of the motives, which, on any occasion of moinent, influenced my conduct. This habit hath been both pleasant and useful to me: I have had great pleasure in preserving, as it were, my identity, by reviewing the circumstances which, under the good providence of God, have contributed to place me in my present situation; and a frequent examination of my principles of action has contributed to establish in me a consistency of conduet, and to confirm me, I trust, in that probity of manners in my seventy-fifth year, with which I entered into the world at the age of seventeen.”
1722. Rev. Thomas Millner founded four Scholarships at. dalene College, for students from the schools of Heversham, L and Halifax. (See p. 333.)
FOUNDED 1591, A.D. This free-school was founded by letters patent of Queen Eliza granted in the 33rd year of her reign, and was endowed by se benefactors.
On the enclosure of the lands in the manor of Kirkby Lons in 1808, an allotment was made to the school.
The school is under the direction of twenty-four governors, directed by the letters patent for the foundation.
1626. Rev. T. Wilson endowed three Scholarships at Chri College for students from Kirkby Lonsdale school. (See p. 298.)
1692. T. Otway, D.D. founded three Scholarships at Chris College, with a first preference to scholars from Kirkby Lonsd school. (See p. 299.)
THE FREE GRAMMAR-SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1566, A.D.
This school was founded by Thomas, Lord Wharton, under charter granted by Queen Elizabeth in the eighth year of her reig and by him endowed with a house and garden, which endowment w subsequently augmented by a rent-charge given by Sir Thoma Wharton, brother of Philip, Lord Wharton.
The founder framed the statutes and appointed governors for th management of the school.
He also directed that out of the endowment there should be paid yearly the sum of £3. 6s. 8d. to each of two scholars from this school at Oxford or Cambridge, as exhibitions tenable for seven years at the most.
1623. Rev. Mr Knewstubb gave a benefaction to St John's Col. lege for a poor scholar from the grammar-school of Kirkby Stephen or Appleby. (See p. 315.)
FOUNDED 1535, A.D. Tuis school was originally founded by Adam Pennyngton, of ston, in Lincolnshire. It received endowments successively from ng Edward VI., King Philip, Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth, and er benefactors. The master and usher are appointed by the mayor aldermen of Kendal, and the school is open to all boys from whatquarter they may come. 1674. Thomas Braithwaite, Esq. endowed two Scholarships at John's College, for students from the grammar-school of Kendal.
There are several exhibitions from this school for students at Oxford.
FOUNDED 1551, A.D.
This school, situated in the parish of St Mary the Virgin, was founded by King Edward VI. in the fourth year of his reign, and originally endowed with lands in the town of Marlborough, and in some of the adjacent parishes.
The appointment of the schoolmaster was vested in the first Duke of Somerset, the lord Protector, and his heirs in succession : it bow rests with the Marquess of Aylesbury. The mayor of the town is the visitor, and the corporation are the trustees of the school.
1622. The Right Honourable Sarah, Duchess Dowager of Somerket, established scholarships at St John's College, Cambridge.
There are at present six Scholarships, each of the value of £40 year, and fourteen Scholarships of more than £20 each a
year, scholars who are to be chosen every third turn from the grammarschool of Marlborough. (See p. 321.)
In the case of failure of qualified candidates from the schools of Hereford and Manchester in their turn, these scholarships are available for the scholars of Marlborough school.