Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

EXAMPLES 1. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, by 41. 41)3568(87 the quotient in cents; and when there 328 is any considerable remainder, you may

annex a cipher to it, if you please, and 288 divide it again, and you will have the 287

inills, &c.

Rem. 1 2. Divide 21 dollars, 5 cents, by 14. 14)2105(150 cents=1 dol. 50.cts. but to bring cents 14

into dollars, you need only point off two

figures to the right hand for cents, and 70 the rest will be dollars, &c. 70

5 3. Divide 4 dols. 9 cts. or 409 cts. by 6. Ans. 68 cts, + 4. Divide 9 dols. 24 cts. by 12.

Ans. 77 cts, 5. Divide 97 dols. 43 cts. by 85. Ans. $1 14.cts. 6m. 0. Diride 248 dols. 54 cts. by 125.

Ans. 198 cts. 8m.=91 98 cts. 8m. 7. Divide 24 dols. 65 cts. by 248. Ans. 9 cts. 9m. 8. Divide 10 dols, or 1000 cts. by 25. Ans. 40 cts. 9. Divide 125 dols. by 500.

Ans. 25 cts. 10. Divide 1 dollar into 33 equal parts.

Ans. 3 cts. + PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. Bought 25 lb. of coffee for 5 dollars ; what is that a pound?

Ans. 20 cts. 2. If 131 yards of Irish linen cost 49 dols. 78 cts. what is that per yard ?

Ans. 38 cts. 3. If a cwt. of sugar cost 8 dols. 98 cts. what is that

per pound?

Ans, 8 cts. 4. If 140 reams of paper cost 329 dols. what is that

Ans. $2 35 cts. 5. If a reckoning of 25 dols. 41 cts. be paid equally among 14 persons, what do they pay apiece? Ans: $181. cts.

6. If a man's wages are 235 dols. 80 cts. a year, what is that a calendar month?

Ans. $19 65 cts.

per ream ?

£s.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

7. The salary of the President of the United States, is i wenty-five thousand dollars a year; what is that a day?

Ans, $68 49 cts. To divide the denominations of Sterling Money

Weights, Measures, foc. RULE.-Begin with the highest denomination as in simple divisions ; and if any tbing remains, find how many of the next lower denomination this remainder is equal to ; which add to the next denomination: then divide again, carrying the remainder, if any, as before ; and so on till the whole is finished. Proof. The same as in simple Division.

EXAMPLES.
d.
gr:

£ 3. d. Divide 97 3 112 by 5

8)27 18 6 Quo't. £198 9 2

£3 993 d.

£ d. 3. Divide 31 11 6 by 2 Ans. 15 15 9 4. Divide 22 3 9 by 3

7 7 11 5. Divide 70 10 4 liy 4

17 12 7 6. Divide 56 11 5. by 5

11 7. Divide 61 14 8 by 6

10

5 9 8. Divide 24 15 6; by 7

3 9. Divide 185 17 6 by 8 10. Divide 182 16 8 by 9

20 6 11. Divide 16 111 by 19

1 12 12. Divide 1 19 8 hy 11

0 3 13. Divide 6 6 by 12

0 10 6. 14. Divide 1 2 6 by 9

0 2 6 15. Divide 948 11 6 by 12

79 2. When the divisor exceeds 12, and is the product of two

or more numbers in the table multiplied together. Rule.-Divide by one of those numbers first, and the quotient by the other, and the last quotient will be the answer.

EXAMPLES, £ s. d.

£ s. d. 1. Divide 29 15 O by 21

Ans. 1 8 4 2. Divide 27 16 O by 32

0 17 41 3. Divide 67 9 4 by 44

I 10 8

6 3

10 9

011)

[ocr errors]

d.
4. Divide 24 16 6 by 36

0 13 9 5. Divide 128 9 0 hy 42

- 2 6. Divide 269 12 4 liy 50

4 16 30 7. Divitie 248 10 8 liy 64

3 17 8 8. Divide 65 14 0 hy 72

0 13 3 9. Divide 5 10 3 by 81

0 10. Divide 115 10 O by 90

1 5 -8 11. Divide 136 16.6 by 108

1 5 4 12. Divide 202 13 6

1 13 0 13. Divide 31

by 144

4 9 3. Wlien the divisor is large, and not a composite runber, you may divide by the whole divisor at once, after multo ber of long division, as follows, viz.

EXAMPLES.
1. Divide 1231. 13s. 3:1. hy 47.

£ s. d. Csid.
47)128 13 32 14 9 quotient.

94

by 121

1

Multiply by

produces

34 pounds remaining.

20 and adil in the 13s, 693 shillings, which divided by 47, gives 47

[1.1s. in the quotient.

2.23

188

35 shillings remaining. Multiply by

12 and add in the 31. produces 423 pence, which, divided as ahove,

[yives 91. in the quotient. £ d.

d. 2. Divide 1B 13 4 hy 31

Ans. 3 13 3. Divide 85 03. by

1 29 4. Divide 315 3 10 by 365.

0 17 3. 5. Divide 1320 8 by

1 is !0 6. Divide 740 16 8 by 100

78 7. Divide 888 18 10 by 9.55

97 11

£ s.

2

Examples of Weights, Measures, foc. 1. Divide 14 cwt. Iqr. 8 lb. of sugar equally among 8inen,

C.

qr.
8)14 1 8 0

lb. oz.

1 3 4 8 Quotient,

8

14 1 8 0 Proof. 2. Divide 6 T. 11 cwt. 3 qrs. 19 lb. by 4.

Ans. 1 T. 12 cut. 3 qrs. 25 lb. 12 oz. 3. Diyide 14 cwt. 1 qr. 12 lb. by 5.

Ans, 2 cut. 3 grs. 13 lb. 9 oz. 9 dr. + 4. Divide 16 lh. 13 oz. 10 dr. by 6. Ans. 21b. 12 oz. 15dr.

5. Divide 56 lb. 6 oz. 17 pwt. of silver into 9 equal parts.

Ans. ; lb. 3 oz. 8 prt. 13 grs. + 6. Divide 26 lb. 1 oz. 5 nwt. by 24.

Ans. 1 ib. 1 oz. 1 pwt. 1 gr. 7. Divide 9 hhds. 28 gals. 2 qts. by 12.

Åns. Ohhd. 49 gals. 2 qts. 1 pt. 8. Divide 169 bu. 1 pk. 6 qts. by 35.

Ans. 4 bu. 3 pks. 2 qts. 1. Divide 17 lea. 1 m. 4 fur. 21 po. by 21.

Ans. 2 m. 4 fur. 1 po. 10. Divide 43 yds. Iqr. I na. by 11.

Ans. 3 yds. 3 qrs. 3 na. 11. Divide 97 E. E. 4 qrs. 1 na. by 5.

Ans. 19 yds. 2 qrs. 3 na. + 12. Divide 4; gallons of brandy equally among 144 soldiers.

Ans. i gill apiece. 13. Bought a dozen of silver spoons, which together weighed 3 lb. 2 oz. 13 pwt. 12 grs. how much silver did each spoon eontain ?

Ans. 3 oz. 4 pwt. 11 gr. 14. Bought 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 19 lb. of sagar, and sold out one third of it; how much remains unsold ?

Ans. 11 cwt. 3 qrs. 22 lb. 15. From a piece of cloth containing 64 yards 2 na. a tailor was ordered to make 9 soldiers' coats, which took one third of the whole" piece; how many yards did each coat fontain ?

Ans. 2 yds. I qr. Pna.

PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. If 9 yards of cloth cost 41. 3s. 7d. what is that per yard?

£ d. 9)4 3

7 2

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

2. If 11 tons of hay cost 231. Os. 211. what is that per tun?

Ans. £2 ls. 10d. 3. If 12 gallons of brandy cost 41. 15s. 6d. what is that per gallon?

Ans. 7s. 11d. 2qrs. 4. If 84 lbs. of cheese cost ll. 16s. 9d. what is that per pound?

Ans. 5 d. 5. Bought 48 pairs of stockings for 11l. 2s. how much a pair do they stand me in?

Ans. 4s. 7 d. 6. If a reckoning of 51. 6s. 10 d. be paid equally aniong 13 persons, what do they pay apiece? Ans. 8s. 4 d.

7. A piece of clothi containing 24 yards, cost 181. 6s. what did it cost per yard?

Ans. 15s. 3. 8. If a hogshead of wine cost 331. 12s. what is it a gallon?

Ans. 10s. 81. 9. If I cwt. of sugar cost 31. 10s. what is it per pound?

Ans. 7. 10. If a man spend 711. 14s. 6d. a year, what is that per calendar month?

Ans. £5 19s. 6.d. 11. The Prince of Wales? salary is 150,0001, a year, what is that a day?

Ans. £410 19s. 211. 12. A privateer takes a prize worth 12465 dollars, of which the owner takes one half, the officers one fourth, and the remainder is equally divided among the sailors, who are 125 in number; how much is each sailor's part? Ans. $24 93 cts.

13. Three merchants A, B, and C, have a ship in company. A hath , B , and C }, and they receive for freight 2231. 16s. 8d.

It is required to divide it among ers according to their respective shares.

Ans. A's share £143 Os. 5.1. B's share £57 4s. 21 ("; share £28 12s. ld.

1!. A privateer having taken a prize worth 80250, it is

the own

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »