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3. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
1 89 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. 12 oz. how many ounces?

4
359 quarters

Proof
28

16)161068 2876

28)10066 12 oz.
719

4)359 14 lb.
10066 pounds
16

Ans. 89 ciot. 3

qrs.

14 lb. 12 ox.

60398 10067

161068 ounces. Answer.
2. In 19 lb. 14 oz. 11 dr. how many drams? Ans. 5099.
3. In 1 tun, how many drams?

Ans. 573440. 4. In 24 tuns, 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 lbs. 5 oz. how many ounces ?

Ans. 892245. 5. Bring 5099 drams into pounds. Ans. 1916. 14 oz. 11 dr. 6. Bring 573440 drams into tuns.

Ans. 1. 7. Bring 892245 ounces into tuns.

Ans. 24 tuns, 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 lb. 5 oz. 8. In 12 hhds. of sugar, each 11 cwt. 25 lb. how many pounds ?

Ans. 15084. 9. In 42 pigs of lead, each weighing 4 cwt. 3 many fother, at 19 cwt. 2 grs. ? Ans. 10 fother, 4 cut,

10. A gentleman has 20 hhds. of tobacco, each 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. and wishes to put it into boxes containing 70 Ib. each, I demand the number of bəxes he must get?

Ans. 284.

qrs. how

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4. APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT, 1. In 915 83 13 29 19 grs. how many grains?

Ans. 55799. 2. In 55799 grains, how many pounds ?

Ans. 9 15 8 3 13 23 19 gr.

5. CLOTH MEASURE.
1. In 95 yards, how many quarters and nails?

Ans. 380 grs. 1520 na, 2. In 341 yards, 3 qrs. I na. how many nails ?

Ans. 5169. 3. In 3783 nails, how many yards ?

Ans. 236 yds. 1 qr. 3 nn. 4. In 61 Ells English, how many quarters and nails ?

Ans. 305 qrs. 1220 na. 5. In 56 Ells Flemish, how many quarters and nails?

Ans. 168 qrs. 672 na. 6. In 148 Ells English, how many Ells Flemish ?

Ans. 246 E. F. 2 qrs. 7. In 1920 -nails, how many yards, Els Flemish, and Ells English? Ans. 120 yds. 160 E. F. and 96 E. E.

8. Huw inany coats can be made out of 367 yards of broadcloth, allowing 14 yards to a coat ? Ans. 21.

9. DRY MEASURE. 1. In -136 bushels, how many pecks, quarts and pints ?

Ans. 544 pks. 4352 qts. 8704 pts. 2. In 49 bush. 3 pks. 5 qts. how many quarts? Ans. 1597. 3. In 8704 pints, how many bushels ?

Ans. 136. 4. In 1597 quarts, how many bushels ?

Ans. 49 bush. 3 pks. 5 qts. 5. A man would ship 720 bushels of corn in barrels, which hold 3 bushels 3 pecks each, low niany barrels must he get ?

Ans. 192.

quarts ?

7. WINE MEASURE. 1. In 9 tune of wine, how many hogsheads, gallons and

Ans. 36 hhds. 2208 gals. 9072 qts. 2. In 24 lihds. 18 gals. 2 qts. how many pints?

Ans. 12244. 3. In 9072 quarts

how
many
tuns?

Ans. 9. 4. In 1905 pints of wine, how many liogsheads ?

Ans. 3 hhds. 49 gals. I pt, 5. In 1789 quarts of cider, low many barrels ?

Ans. 14 bls. 25 qts.

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6. What number of bottles, containing a pint and a half each, can be filled with a barrel of cider? * Ans. 168.

7. How many pints, quarts, and two guarts, each an equal number, may be filled from a pipe of wine? Ans. 144.

8. LONG MEASURE. 1. In 51 miles, how many furlongs and poles ?

Ans. 408 fur. 16320 poles. 2. In 49 yards, how many feet, inches, and barley-corns ?

Ans. 147 ft. 1764 inch. 5292 b. c. 3. How many inches from Boston to New-York, it being 248 miles?

Ans. 15713280 inch, 4. In 4352 inches, how many yards ?

Ans. 120 yds. 9 ft. 8 in. 5. In 682 yards, how many rods?

Ans. 682 X2:11=124 rods. 6. In 15840 yards, how many miles and leagues ?

Ans. 9 m. 3 lea. 7. How many times will a carriage wheel, 16 feet and 9 inches in circumference, turn round in going from NewYork to Philadelphia; it being 96 miles?

Ans. 30261 times, and 81 feet over. 8. How many barley-corns will reach round the globe, it being 360 degrees ?

Ans. 4755801600.

9. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE. 1. In 241 acres, 3 roods, and 25 poles, how many square rods or perches ?

Ans. 38705 perches. 2. In 20602 square poles, how many acres ?

Ans. 129 a, lr. 12 po. 3. If a piece of land contain 24 acres, and an enclosure of 17 acres, 3 roods, and 20 rods, be taken out of it, how many perches are there in the remainder?

Ans. 980 perches. 4. Three fields contain, the first 7 acres, the second 10 acres, the third 12 acres, 1 rood; how many shares can they be divided into, each share to costain 76 rods?

Ans. 61 shares and 44 rods over,

10. SOLID MEASURE. 1. In 14 tons of hewn timber, how many solid inches ?

Ans, 14 x 50 x 1728=1209600. 2. In 19 tons of round timber, how many inches?

Ans. 1313280. 3. In 21 cords of wood, how many solid feet?

Ans. 21 X 128=2688. 4. In 12 cords of wood, how many solid seet and inches ?

Ans. 1536 ft. and 2654208 inch. 5. In 4608 solid feet of wood, how many cords?

Ans. 36 cds.

11. TIME. 1. Iu 41 weeks, how many days, hours, minutes, and seconds? Ans. 287 4.6888 1.413280 min. and 24796800 scc. 2. In 214d. 15 h. 31 m. 25 sec. how inany seconds?

Ans. 18515485 sec. 3. In 21796800 seconds, how many weeks? Ans. 41 wks. 4. In 184009 minutes, how many days?

Ans. 127 d. 18 h. 49 min. 5. Ilow many days from the birth of Christ, to Christs uras, 1797, allowing the year to contain 365 days, 6 hours ?

Ans. 656354 d. 6h. 6. Suppose your age to be 16 years and 20 days, how many seconds old are you, allowing 365 days and 6 hours to the year?

Ans. 506649600 sec. *7. From March 2d, to Novemher 19th following, inclusive, how many days?

Ans. 262.

12. CIRCULAR MOTION, 1. In 7 signs, 15° 24' 40', how many degrees, minutes, ind seconds?

Ans. 2.250 13524' and 811480". 2. Bring 1020300 seconds into signs.

Ans. 9 signs, 13° 25'.

1

Questions to exercise Reduction. 1. In 1259 groats, how many farthings, pence, shillings, and guineas, at 283. ? Ans. 20144qrs. 50361. 419s. 8d.

and 14 guineas, 27s. 8d.

2. Borrowed 10 English guineas at 2es. each, and 24 English crowns at 6s. and 8d. each ; how many pistoles at 22s. each, will pay the debt?

Ans. 20. 3. Four men brought each 171. 10s. sterling value in gold into the mint, how many guineas at 21s. each must they receive in return ?

Ans, 66 guin. 14s. 4. A silversmith received three ingots of silver, each weigbing 27 ounces, with directions to make them into spoons of 2 oz., cups of 5 oz., salts of 1 oz., and snuff-boxes of 07., and deliver an equal number of each ; what was the number?

Ans. 8 of each, and 1 oz. over. 5. Admit a ship's cargo from Bordeaux to be 250 pipes, 130 hhds. and 150 quarter casks, (ị hhds.] how many gallons in all; allowing evcry pint to be a pound, what burden svas the ship of ? Ans. 44415 gals. and the ship's burden

was 158 tons, 12 cwt. 2

grs. 0. In 15 pieces of cloth, each piece 20 yards, how many French Ells?

Ans. 200. 7. In 10 bales of cloth, each bale 12 pieces, and eaeli piece 25 Flemish Ells, how many yards ? Ans. 2250.

8. The forward wheels of a wagon are 144 feet in circumference, and the hind wheels 15 feet and 9 inches; how many more times will the forward wheels turn round than the hind wheels, in running from Boston to New-York, it being 248 miles ?

Ans, 7167. 9. Ilow many times will a ship 97 feet 6 inches long, sail her length in the distance of 12800 leagues and ten yards?

Ans. 2079508. 10. The sun is 95,000,000 of miles from the earth, and a cannon ball at its first discharge flies about a mile in 71 seconds; how long would a cannon ball be, at that rate in flyiug from here to the sun ? Ans. 22 yr. 216 d. 12 h.40m.

11. The sun travels through 6 signs of the zodiac in half a year; how many degrees, minutes, and seconds ?

Ans. 180 deg. 10800 min. 648000 sec. 12. How many strokes does a regular clock strike in 365 days, or a year ?

Ans. 56940. 13. How long will it take to count a million, at the rate of 50 a minute ? Ans. 333 h. 20 m, or 13 d. 21 h. 20 m.

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