deral money. 12. Change 2411. New England, &c. currency, into fe Ains. $803, 33 cts. 13. Bring 201. 18s. 5 d. New-England currency, into dollars. Ans. $69, 74 cts. 6. m.t 14. Reduce 4681. New-York currency to federal money Ans. $1170 15. Reduce 17s. 9 d. New-York, &c. currency, to dollars, &c. Ans. $2, 22 cts. 6,5 m. + 16. Borrowed 10 English crowns, at 6s. 8d. each, how many dollars, at 6s. each, will pay the debt? Ans. $11, 11 cts. I m. Note. There are several short practical methods of reducing New-England and New-York currencies to Federal Money, for which see the Appendix. CASE II. To reduce the currency of New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, to Federal Money. RULE.-Multiply the given sum by 8, and divide the product by 31 and the quotient will be dollars, &c.* EXAMPLES. 1. Reduce 2451. New-Jersey, &c. currency, to federal money. £215x8=1960, and 1960--3-$653 =$653, 33 cts. NOTE.— When there are shillings, pence, &c. in the given sum, reduce them to the decimal of a pouud, then multiyiy and divide as above, &c. 2. Reduce 361. 11s. 8}d. New-Jersey, &c. currency, to £36,5854 decimal value, 8 federal money. ANSWERS $ cts. m. 3)292,6832(97,56106 Ans. £. d. 3. Reduce 240 0 0 to federal money 640 00 4. Reduce 125 8 0 334 40 5. Reduce 997 61 265 00 5+ 6. Reduce 100 0 0 266 66 67 7. Reduce 23 3 7 67 14 4 8. Reduce 0 17 9 2 36 6,6 * A dollar is 7s. 6d.=90d. in this currency=90-2403-8 of a pound; thero Core multiplying by 8, and dividing by 3, gives the dollars, cents, &c. CASE III. To reduce the currency of South-Carolina and Georgia, to Federal Money. Rule.-Multiply the given sum by 30, and divide the product by 7, the quotient will be the dollars, cents, &c.* EXAMPLES 1. Reduce 1001. South-Carolina and Georgia currency, to federal money. 1001. x 30=3000; 3000--1=$428,5714 Ans. 2. Reduce 541. 16s. 9 d. Georgia currency, to federal money. 51,8406 decimal expression. 30 7)1645,2180 Ans. 235,0311 ANSWERS. S. d. $ cts. m. 3. Reduce 94 14 8 to federal money, 405 99 8+ 4. Reduce 19 17 6 85 18 7+ 5. Reduce 417 14 6 1790 25 6. Reduce 140 10 0 602 14 2+ 7. Reduce 160 0 0 685 71 4 8. Reduce 0 11 6 2 46 4+ 9. Reduce 41 17 9 179 51 4,8 CASE IV. To reduce the currency of Canada and Nova-Scotia to Federal Money. RULE.-Multiply the given sum by 4, the product will be dollars, Not..—Five shillings of this currency are equal to a dollar; consequently 4 dollars make one pound. EXAMPLES. 1. Reduce 1251. Canada and Nova-Scotia currency, to federal money. 125 4 Ans. $500 4s. 8d. or 56d. to the dollar=26= of a pound ; therefore x 30:-7. H 2. Reduce 551. 10s. 6d. Nova-Scotia currency, to dollars 55,525 decimal value. cts. ANSWERS. 3. Reduce 2411. 18s. 9d. to federal money, $967 75 4. Reduce 58 13 6 234 70 5. Reduce 528 17 8 2115 53 6. Reduce 1 2 6 4 50 7. Reduce 224 19 0 899 80 8. Reduce 2 79 0 13 11} REDUCTION OF COIN. Rules for reducing the Federal Money to the currencies of the several United States. To reduce Federal Móney to the currency of S . RULE.-Multiply the given suni by ,3, and th 1. Virginia, product will be pounds, and decimals of Tennessee. pound. New-York, and Rule.-Multiply the given sum by ,4, and the NorthCarolina. product will be pounds, and decimals of pound. New-Jersey, Rule.-Multiply the given sum by ,3, and di 3. Pennsylvania, vide the product by 8, and the quotient will Delaware, and be pounds, and decimals of a poun 1. Rule.-Multiply the given sumb.:,7 and 4. and divide by 3, the quotient will be the Georgia. in pounds, and decimals of a pound. Eramples in the foregoing Rules. 1. Reduce $152, 60 cts. to New-Eugland currency. ,3 answer £45, 780 Ans.=£45 15s. 7,2d. 20 But the value of any decimal of a pound, may be found by inspec15, 600 tion. See Problem II, page 81. 12 7, 200 2. In $196, how many pounds, N. England currency ? ,3 £58,8 Ans.=£58 16 3. Reduce $629 into New-York, &c. currency. £251,6 Ans.=- £251 12 4. Bring $110, 51 cts. 1 m. into New-Jersey, &c. currency. $110,511 ,3 Double 4 makes 8s. Then 39 farthings 8)331,533 are 9d. 3qrs. See Problem II. page 81. £41,441 Ans.=£41 8s. 93d. by Inspection. 5. Bring $65, 36 cts. into South-Carolina, &c. currency. ,7 d. 6. Reduce 425,07 to N. E. &c. currency. 127 10 5 + 7. Reduce 36,11 to N. Y. &c. currency. 14 8 10+ 8. Reduce 315,44 to N. J. &c. currency. 118 5 93+ 9. Reduce 690,45 to S. C. &c. currency. 161 2 1,2 ANSWERS. 3. To reduce Federal Money to Canada and Nova Scotia currency. Rule.-Divide the dollars, &c, by 4, thu quotient will be pounds, end decimals of a pound. EXAMPLES. 1. Reduce $741 into Canada and Nova Scotia currency. $ cts. 4)741,00 £185,25=£185 5s. 2 Bring $311, 75 cts. into Nova-Scotia currency. $ cts, 4)311,750 £77,9375=£77 18s. 9d. 3. Bring $2907, 56 cts. into Nova Scotia currency. Ans. £726 17s. 9d. 4. Reduce $2114, 50 cts. into Canada currency. Ans, £528 123. 60. RULES for reducing the Currencies of the several United States, also Canada, Nova Scolia, and Sterling, to the par of all the others. IDP See the given currency in the left hand column, and then cast your eye to the right hand, till you come under the required currency, and you will have the rule. New-Eng- New Jersey, Sterling New-Eng. Add one Add one Multiply the Multiply the Deduct one fourth to the third to the given sum given sum fourth from given sum. given sum. by 7, and di- by 5, and di- the given vide the provide the pro- sum. duct by 9. duct by 6. Add one Add one Multiply the Deduct one Canala, filih to the half to the given sum fifteenth a unt Canada,&c. Canada by 8, and di- from the giNova Scotia Isum. vide the proven sum. duct by 5. Deduct one tenth from the given sum. To the En- Multiply the Multiply the To the Eng-. Add one glish sum English mo-English sum lish inoney ninth to the Sterling. add one ney by 5, and by 16, and add one given sum. thinl. divide the vide the twenty-zeproduct by3.product by9. venth. |